Employee motivation is very important as it ensures the survival of the company. Motivated employees are more productive, and they are needed in every workplace. It is the work of the manager to ensure that employees are motivated within the context of the roles they perform in the company. Managers have to know the best and most effective ways of motivating employees since these days money is becoming less of a motivation. The need to appreciate and understand the human nature is a prerequisite to the creation of an effective employee motivation program in any
Abstract: This essay will review what is motivation, and what is necessary for a manager to motivate its employees. This essay will also review Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs, Alderfer’s Learned need theory, McClelland’s theory of needs, Herzberg’s Two-Factor theory and how to implement this theories in practice in order to create a successfully motivated team which will complete their goals without any issues. Introduction What is motivation? Motivation is the energizer that gives people an ability to take action related to their needs, desires, fears and aspirations. Motivation isn't something a manager can create, it is something a manager has to encourage in people in order to enhance their productivity.
Different people react to different motivating factor. Hence, the management has to understand their employee. Although there is not fix set of motivating factors, the management can take the maslow hierarchy of needs as a guide line as people has the tendency to complete the lower level needs then process. Management can provide assist so that indirectly motivated the employee. The social factor that competitive genes is the own motivator.
Motivation starts with employee and finding out what is important to them. The more you can find out and learn about the people working for you, the more you can discover their background on how to motivate them. Every employee wants to be magnificent, to be a part of something larger than them. Want to be able to feel excited at work and to feel important. Ask yourself, what makes employees stay with the company for a long time?
Thirdly, another factor that the author recommended is to watch the boss thoroughly. The easy way to know him better is to observe what and how he is does things including the way he decides and justifies his works. Those are the importance factors that influence the way of his thinking and motivation. Fourthly, The main thing to know what motivates the boss is to listen and pay attention to what he say, listening to the boss itself may give some ideas of what leads him to imitate his motivates. Lastly, as mentioned earlier, the most essential factor to know the boss motivation is to guess, hopefully correctly.
3.1. Lead and motivate a team to achieve an agreed goal or objective According to Maslow’s motivation theory, employee satisfaction is very important the leadership and management style of the manager highly contributes to satisfaction or dissatisfaction of the employees. This influences the objectives of the organisation and its growth, therefore, they should ensure motivations among their employees and this will ensure productivity in the organisation. Internal motivation may include bonuses, promotions, and also incentives. Through leadership, a manager is able to establish a friendly work culture in the organisation.
Heathfield, There are some factors that are present in a work environment that many employees find motivation. Some of these factors are like; Management and leadership actions that empower employees, Transparent and regular communication about factors important to employees, Treating employees with respect, Providing regular employee recognition, Feedback and coaching from managers and leaders, Providing employee perks and company activities, and Positively managing employees within a success framework of goals, measurements, and clear expectations. Furthermore, motivation is an important factor in any start up companies. Start up businesses face many difficulties like limited time and limited resources. In this case management techniques can make a huge difference between stressed, overwhelmed employees and happy, hardworking start up team that is both highly productive and invested in the success of the
Introduction Motivation is one of the drivers for individual to achieve certain goals. Same goes to the organizational that need motivated employees to achieve the organizational target. That is the reason why motivated employees are vital for an organization to be success in the long term of period. There are many ways to motivate employees and employees can be motivated intrinsically and extrinsically. Motivational theories have two differences perspectives which are content and process theories.
The Effect of Motivation on Employees’ Performance Motivation is a key determinant of employees’ performance and a poorly motivated force will be costly in terms of excessive staff turnover, higher expenses, negative morale and increased use of managements time (Jobber, 1994). Tyilana (2005) suggests that three motivational factors such as achievement, recognition and work itself cause job satisfaction and employees’ performance. Employees want to earn reasonable salary and payment, and employees desire their workers to feel that is what they are getting. The previous researches, it is seen that factors that affect the employees of different organizations in a negative way are- insufficient wage and job security, limited training programs, lack of new opportunities etc. Moreover, with the pace of time several other factors have been revealed those are negatively affect employee motivation and performance.
The importance of motivation can be explained as follows: Motivation is one the crucial factor. It determines the effectiveness and efficiency of the organization with the help of desire in the minds of the employee to achieve the objectives of the organization. Motivation can be defined as an integral part of the management process. • Effective and efficient use of physical resources depends on the ability and readiness of work force. Thus, a team of highly motivated employees greatly helps in making optimum use of productivity.