Mangrove Plants

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Abstract Through this study, we will highlight the mangrove plants in Jazan area by using advance mathematical models, because of its importance and great benefit,and summed up the importance of these plants in the sea shores to prevent corrosion and bring a large number of migratory birds. They are also resistant to the difficult circumstances that other plants cannot and contain nutrients that are used as animal feed privileged. Unfortunately, these plants are reduced to drift due to the ongoing reclamation processes that occur on the Red Sea coast. This research aims to use fuzzy topology in the diagnosis of the current situation of the mangrove plants scattered on the coast of Jazan area using fuzzy interior operator and fuzzy closure…show more content…
Introduction Mangrove plants (Shura plants) grow in the intertidal zones especially in marine areas of salty soil and compact clay soil in the wave-protected beaches in front of the seas and oceans coasts and estuaries in equatorial and tropical regions. Where dense forests cover spaces to about (161 000 km 2) across those areas of the world. They grow luxuriantly in intertidal areas that characterized by extreme resistance to salinity and includes about 70 species belonging to 20 different plant families. The mangrove plants have many vital ecological roles and important source of forest products as woods, fodders, drugs and others. Perhaps the most important role is to protect the coastal areas from erosion by waves, storm surge (especially during hurricanes) and reserve safe and organic material rich places as nurseries for many typesof fish, crustaceans and other marine organisms. In addition, mangrove protects the coral reef environments by trapping costal sediments. Moreover, mangrove plants media has tremendous momentum of biodiversity including many marine and land organisms andconsidered as suitable settlement for nesting birds. Therefore, mangrove plants provide shelter and nutrients to their…show more content…
The following table shows the distribution of mangrove plants of Jazan coasts:

ID Emirate Governorate Center Coordinates Area of the forest
1 Jazan Al-Mowassam Al-Mowassam 42 45 94
16 25 55 Bar1km
2 Jazan Jazan Al-mqad 42 43 3
16 43 92 400m*20m
3 Jazan Al-Mowassam Al-Mowassam 42 46 36
16 34 18 100m*100
4 Jazan Jazan Shatti Al-Qurm 42 38 22
16 48 90 20m*500m
5 Jazan Jazan Al-mqad 42 42 77
16 41 35 1200m*30m
6 Jazan Jazan Al-mqad 42 42 52
16 41 35 1500m*30m
7 Jazan Baish Baish 42 17 845
17 26 979 2km*25m
8 Jazan Al-Quz Al-Quz 42 25 614
17 09 20 1500m*40m
9 Jazan Jazan Al-mqad 42 41 61
16 43 90 4km*30m
10 Jazan Jazan Al-Madaya 42 41 37
16 44 60 12km*20m
11 Jazan Jazan Al-Soha 42 43 00
16 32 91 200m*1.5km
12 Jazan 42 15 36
17 29 185 1km*300m
13 Jazan Al-Darb Al-Samirat 42 12 03
17 32 27 1500m*350m
14 Jazan Jazan Al-Mqad 42 43 24
16 41 56 2km*300m
15 Jazan Jazan Al-Mqad 42 43 50
16 40 67

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