As long as there was a fundamental difference in beliefs throughout the country, conflict would continue. The possible acquisition of land from Mexico led to another point of contention in the slavery debate. When a bill surfaced to appropriate funding to purchase peace with Mexico during the war, a provision was added to prohibit slavery in any newly acquired territory.
It stated that there would be no slavery in the north of the 36.20 degree latitude line this included any lands west of the southern boundary of Missouri. In 1850, the issue of slavery came again. There were fifteen slave states and fifteen Free states. California had been settled heavily from the Gold Rush and wanted to be admitted to the union as a free state. This would throw off the balance between slave and Free states.
Secession is the means to withdraw one’s self from a federal union or other affiliated group. The southern secession was the separation of 11 states moving from the Union to the Confederate States Popular sovereignty helped the Union and the Confederates compromise by allowing the right to vote for or against slavery knowing that the popular vote would be to be against slavery, aiding in the final decision. The motive to use the
In 1849 upon his reelection into the Senate, Clay arrived during a time of turmoil in Congress. California was in the middle of the gold rush trying to become a free state. Utah and New Mexico wanted to become US territories, but were having a hard time deciding on whether or not to be slave states or Free states. Texas was also in disputes with New Mexico regarding territory. The North wanted to ban slavery in all states won from the Mexican Cession, while the South wanted to enact new laws on fugitive slaves who escaped; the South also threatened seceding from the Union yet again.
(Schultz, n.d.). The Confederate States of America were the first to willing withdraw from the Union as they tended to have more slaveholding families and the Northern territories were the last to withdraw from the Union as they tended to have fewer slaves. In order to prevent this from becoming a war John Crittenden and Abraham Lincoln tried to come up with several ways to compromise with the situation at hand. The first attempt was by John Crittenden with the Crittenden Compromise which was unsuccessful.
The conflict over slavery became more brutal as the United States expanded westward. It began to force Americans to either identify themselves as anti-slavery or pro-slavery. The discovery of new states led to the conflict on whether they should be admitted as free states or slaves states. Compromises, such as the Missouri Compromise of 1820 were attempted to settle the conflict of free states or slave states. The Missouri Compromise declared that all new states above the line would be establish as free states, and all states below the line would be establish as slave states.
The outcome of the Missouri Compromise was that “Missouri would be admitted to the Union as a slave state and Maine would be admitted as a free state, maintaining the balance between slave and free states and slavery would be outlawed in any U.S. territories north of latitude 36’30”. (15) After the Missouri Compromise, the Anti-Slavery Society was formed. The Anti-Slavery Society was formed in 1830 in order to end slavery after the death of a slave by the name of Nat Turner. The Compromise of 1850 was similar to the Compromise of 1820. The Compromise of 1850 occurred after the Mexican War when it came to decide whether these states should be considered free states or slave states.
Would the new territories be slave -holding or free? Was Andrew Jackson a hero or a villain? In 1829, Andrew Jackson was elected President and he promised to expand the United States westward. He believed that the new settlers would want towns, cities, lush farm lands, civilization and liberty.
Southern Slave States feared an increase in Free States in the North, so with the implementation of the Missouri Compromise, they felt slightly more secure in their position in the Union. Henry Clay’s compromise forbade slavery north of the 36th parallel, which added security to the North as well, yet it was eventually deemed unconstitutional in the Supreme Court case Dred Scott v. Sandford. It was replaced by the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act with the execution of a policy known as popular sovereignty, which essentially allows the citizens of an area to determine whether they would allow slavery in that specific area. Nevertheless, neither the Missouri Compromise nor the Kansas-Nebraska Act impacted the South’s decision to secede like the Compromise of 1850. Though it was meant to benefit the South through strengthening the Fugitive Slave Act,
Then the Compromise of 1850 occurred which admitted California as a free state and Utah and New Mexico as a territory toward the west based on popular sovereignty, a doctrine asserting the right of the people living in a newly organized territory to decide by vote of their territorial legislature whether or not slavery would be permitted there. Then the Kansas Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri compromise back in 1820 and entered Kansas and Nebraska as territories by popular sovereignty. After The Kansas Nebraska Act in 1854 the Annexation of Texas came about. The United States added Texas on to the map despite all their debt and the controversy it cased with other states, to get Texas away from Mexico and to have their independence. Then the Abolitionist
The differences between the north and the south soon became known as sectionalism, exaggerated to a particular region of the country. The Senate proposed prohibiting slavery in the remainder of the Louisiana Purchase north of 36 degrees 30’N latitude. The Missouri Compromise preserved the balance between slave
Therefore, in 1862, with the commencement of the Civil War, the legislative representatives of the southern states resigned their congressional positions. This eliminated the opposition to fund the Transcontinental Railroad with the issuance of government bonds. This same means of funding would later be utilized for the Interstate Highway System. The Transcontinental Railroad depended on the law known as the Central Railroad Act of 1862 to be passed which allowed the building of railroad from the Missouri River all the way to the West Coast of the country.
The Kansas Nebraska Act also known as “Bleeding Kansas” was Douglas wanting to expand the intercontinental Railroad to expand south through slave states. Beginning in Chicago and splitting the territory of Kansas and Nebraska. This led Kansas to come into the Union on the foundation of population sovereignty, causing thousands of pro and anti-slavery forces to transfer to Kansas. When this happened this caused Kansas to become a battle ground. In the spring of 1855 led to a vote of 1600 legal voters in Kansas to vote for territorial legislature.
Emme DiPasquale Period 2 APUSH D’Amico The social tension between the North and the South had ultimately divided the United States in ways that threatened the Union. Seeking compromise, the United States went forth with the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850, but this did not prevent what began in 1861, the Civil War. Slavery was a large aspect to the reason of the split between the North and South, as the North disagreed with slavery and fought for it to end, while the South favored slavery and fought for it to stay in the United States. The Compromise of 1820, also known as the Missouri Compromise, was created to attempt to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states. Along with