The Trail of Tears left by the Cherokee Indians “Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race.” -― Martin Luther King Jr The Trail of Tears helped the Manifest Destiny and Westward Expansion lead to the Civil War in many ways. The Trail of Tears caused more tension to rise in the United States. Native Americans became angry and lost trust in the American governmentbecause the settlers forced and physically moved them out of their homes. The Trail of Tears helps the Manifest Destiny because it is mainly the idea that moving west will bring more comfort and new riches to the settlers. This is major expansion westward.
Soldiers escorted the natives to their new territory. Thousands of Cherokees died on the journey to their destination due to harsh conditions, “whooping cough, typhus, dysentery, cholera and starvation”. Protection of territory was promised to them but later ended in 1907 when Oklahoma became a state. The Indian territories have completely disappeared. America desired more land and spread of influence.
Document 5 shows the trail of tears. The Trail of Tears was when Andrew Jackson made the Indian Removal Law in 1830 which forced all of the Native Americans move to Oklahoma, which was the most undesirable land. As seen in this document, there are many native americans who are doing different things. All of the native americans are walking to the Oklahoma but many are sad. One is wiping his eyes with a handkerchief and others are helping the sick and burying the dead.
Andrew Jackson, John Marshall, and The Trail of Tears There have been many dark times in our History as Americans. Among them is the Trail of Tears,brought upon by Andrew Jackson, which exiled the Indians from the American south and resulted in the death of thousands on the way to Oklahoma. Before this trying time there was speculation within the supreme court whether to treat the Native tribes as a sovereign foreign nation or as a dependent entity within the United States. I will discuss how these decisions came to be, the reactions to said decisions, and the aftermath of these rulings which inevitably leads to the Trail of Tears. In June 1830, Chief John Ross went to defend Cherokee rights before the U.S. Supreme Court after the state of Georgia passed legislation that John Ross claimed to "go directly to annihilate the Cherokees as a political society."
In President Andrew Jackson’s Message to Congress on December 6,1830, it was said “Cherokee nation occupies its own territory and no Georgia citizens have the right to enter” (Worcester). The Indians had the right to keep their land but president Jackson took their land away. The Indians also had their rights being violated by the government in other ways. In America History of our Nation their rights were also being violated because the government had a law signed forcing the Creeks to give up most of their land (page 357). Their rights were again being violated, showing another reason why the Indian Removal Act should not have been
The Trail of Tears event of the removal of the Indians happened in 1838. “At the beginning of the 1830s, nearly 125,000 Native Americans lived on millions of acres of land in Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Florida–land their ancestors had occupied and cultivated for generations.”(History.com Staff). In this event, the Cherokee community of Native Americans was forced by the US government to move from their native home in the Southern part of the contemporary America to what is known as the Indian territories in Oklahoma. Arguments over land, restrictions, and laws were common amongst the Indians and settlers/whites. The settlers also called the “white men” believed that the movement of the Indians would bring peace.
Andrew Jackson’s Effect on the Cherokee Indians and the Trail of Tears In March of 1832, the case of Worcester v. Georgia was ruled in the U.S. Supreme Court. This case nullified a Georgia law that was contrived to control the way that the U.S. citizens accessed the Cherokee country. Chief Justice John Marshall believed that only the federal government should be allowed to do that. He believed that the tribes were autonomous, just as Georgia was. Marshall was seeking to preserve the influence that the federal government had, and at the same time he was allowing the tribes freedom from the rule of state governments.
The action of trying to constantly take land from the natives was a factor that led to the hostile relationship between the Americans and Natives. Additionally, another economic factor was the creation of the Homestead Act of 1862 that would continue playing a role of stripping the natives of their home land. The Homestead Act granted 160 acres of land for anyone willing to settle out west and develop the land. Again, the Americans were taking land that wasn’t theirs and giving it away like it was theirs. As a result of having their home land being taken away, this angered the Natives and reinforced the hostility they had against the Americans.
When the Europeans began colonizing the New World, they had a problematic relationship with the Native Americans. The Europeans sought to control a land that the Natives inhabited all their lives. They came and decided to take whatever they wanted regardless of how it affected the Native Americans. They legislated several laws, such as the Indian Removal Act, to establish their authority. The Indian Removal Act had a negative impact on the Native Americans because they were driven away from their ancestral homes, forced to adopt a different lifestyle, and their journey westwards caused the deaths of many Native Americans.
When America broke free from Great Britain they had the idea to expand westward. In the 1800’s the idea of Manifest destiny came up, it was the belief that it was “The God-given right to expand from coast to coast.” Many Americans liked the idea of expanding west but there were still people in the north who prefer they wouldn't expand. Americans were starting to become congested in the land they had, some already started to move into Texas because of Stephen Austin who created a deal to let American settlers come into Texas and live under their law. Texas wanted to become part of America, but America said no, they disliked the idea of Texas being part of America because, they believed it would start a war between them and Mexico, and it would
The removal of these tribes left more land for white Americans to settle in without the threat of attacks from Native tribes. Many tries including the Muscogee, Creek, and Seminole tribes were removed from their homes, but it was the Cherokee tribe that suffered the most. For the Cherokee nation the struggle to stay on their land they occupied in the state of Georgia, came long before the Indian Removal Act. In the 1820’s the state of Georgia was trying to convince the federal government to remove the Cherokees living with the states
He believed that the new settlers would want towns, cities, lush farm lands, civilization and liberty. This led to the Indian Removal Act and what the Cherokee call Trail of Tears. Over several years, Jackson seized millions of acres of Indian Lands making room for cotton plantations. The Removal Act signed in 1830, by President Jackson, was to guarantee the Indians would have land in the west but these promises were later broken. The Removal Act was
Contrary to popular belief, Thomas Jefferson was the one who proposed the idea of the Indian Removal Act. The proposal was made when native tribes refused to integrate and adapt to American lifestyle (assimilation). In fact, Jefferson stated, “if we are constrained to lift the hatchet against any tribe, we will never lay it down until that tribe is exterminated, or driven beyond the Mississippi.” As president, Jefferson made an agreement with Georgia to relinquish their claim of land in the west in return that the United States army would force the Cherokee from Georgia. However, the agreement was demolished because the United States had formed a treaty with the Cherokee granting them the right to their lands. As for Monroe, he commission Andrew Jackson to destroy the Seminole native tribe of Florida.
In their walk they would undergo the harsh elements of the weather, sickness and fatigue. They would bury sometimes 14-15 of their people at every stopping place, the majority being infants and elderly. The Cherokee’s would arrive to their new home without their past or their future. The U.S. stood to gain copious amounts of land and in return the American government would sacrifice its honor. The Trail of Tears and the 1830 Indian Removal would be the beginning of a great division that would occur within the U.S. Americans would later watch in disguised WWII would occur speaking to the similarities of the events and the comparisons of leaders.
Perhaps the most controversial of Jackson’s actions during his presidency is the Indian Removal Act of 1830 that lead to the Trail of Tears. Soon after becoming president, Jackson passed the former act which called for the relocation of native tribes from their homelands to a designated “Indian territory” in present-day Oklahoma. While Jackson had a clear idea of his plans, he befriended the tribes and promised them prosperity, friendship, and the possibility of becoming civilized children of God. In other words, he, the symbol of reassurance in America, stabbed the backs of all natives. Beyond the question of Jackson 's morality, what was the ultimate reason behind the removal?