Southern opposition soon surfaced claiming that all Americans had equal rights in new lands. They argued slaves were their property and they had to right to do with their property as they see fit. A possible solution was offered by extended the Missouri Compromise line but the debate waged on. (American History, p359) The gold rush in California further complicated the issue of slavery. When gold
The North wanted to ban slavery in all states won from the Mexican Cession, while the South wanted to enact new laws on fugitive slaves who escaped; the South also threatened seceding from the Union yet again. Unable to watch his beautiful Union crumble, Clay began solving the problems between the North and the South with a compromise. Clay stated that California would become part of the Union as a free state and organize New Mexico and Utah as territories without any slavery restrictions.
California which is one of the fifty states of American might have been stolen from Mexico. On April 25th 1846 after the annexation of Texas American soldiers went to the borders by Texas and went to guard it. Mexico had a different perspective however and saw that the United States were crossing their borders and attacked them. This caused a lot of conflicts which lead to the Mexican American War. I believe that America was not justified with going to war with Mexico because of how Mexico did not accept the annexation of Texas, Mexico defending their land and US invading it, the last reasons is what Mexico did not accept slavery but Americans ignored this rule.
According to Charles Sumner from “Objections to the Mexican-American War,” states that “Slaveholders crossed the Sabine River with their slaves, in defiance of the Mexican Ordinance of Freedom.” Along with, “Certainly [Mexico]... might justly charge our citizens with disgraceful robbery, while, seeking an extension of slavery [our own citizens denied] the great truths of American freedom.” Furthermore, this evidence shows that the US was not justified in going to war with Mexico because Mexico did not allow slavery in their territory. The United States violated the Mexican Ordinance of
However, the Amendment would not be felt in all states without the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction or widely known as the ten percent plan. The Amnesty and Reconstruction Act will pardon the Confederate States if ten percent of its legislative voters take an “oath in support the Constitution and all its acts and proclamations made by Congress and the president concerning slavery.” Lincoln’s ten percent plan was not well supported by his party for it was far too lenient to ‘rebels; ' nevertheless, Lincoln was beyond the conflicts of North and South but aimed at mending the Union effort in a peaceful if not forceful
was not justified into going into war with Mexico was that the Annexation of Texas was unofficial. “From Mexico’s point of view, the annexation of Texas was inadmissable for both legal and security reasons.” (Marquez 327). This quote shows that Mexico viewed this annexation as an unofficial and unfair act against the government and citizens of Mexico. Polk’s act of extending borders to California was also seen as unfair because that land belonged to Mexico. Anglo-Saxons are already moving into California and building schools, buildings, and houses.
However, this wasn’t a good idea because Americans had different beliefs on things such as slavery. After many fatal encounters between the two, America had gained control of the territory. They applied for annexation into the United States twice, but congress did not want to aggravate Mexican officials. Although, after James K. Polk was elected president in 1844, congress voted to annex Texas. The United States was not justified in the war with Mexico because they didn’t follow their laws, undisputed territory, and the idea of manifest destiny.
This event did not go over well because it showed the north in an aggressive manner about being anti-slavery which caused more tension over slavery. Another key event that took place leading up to the Civil War was the Wilmot Proviso, which was a law that was created by David Wilmot of Pennsylvania. That had called for a ban on slavery in any lands won from the Mexican War. However it ended up not passing in Congress but this event heated up the debate over slavery in the new territories. Since the tensions were already high over slavery this event only sparked the war to occur even more.
It stated that there would be no slavery in the north of the 36.20 degree latitude line this included any lands west of the southern boundary of Missouri. In 1850, the issue of slavery came again. There were fifteen slave states and fifteen Free states. California had been settled heavily from the Gold Rush and wanted to be admitted to the union as a free state. This would throw off the balance between slave and Free states.
Southern Slave States feared an increase in Free States in the North, so with the implementation of the Missouri Compromise, they felt slightly more secure in their position in the Union. Henry Clay’s compromise forbade slavery north of the 36th parallel, which added security to the North as well, yet it was eventually deemed unconstitutional in the Supreme Court case Dred Scott v. Sandford. It was replaced by the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act with the execution of a policy known as popular sovereignty, which essentially allows the citizens of an area to determine whether they would allow slavery in that specific area. Nevertheless, neither the Missouri Compromise nor the Kansas-Nebraska Act impacted the South’s decision to secede like the Compromise of 1850. Though it was meant to benefit the South through strengthening the Fugitive Slave Act,
When Abraham Lincoln became President there was a fear from the southerners that the southern way of life would end. The southerners thought that if the western territories became free states that the Republicans would change the Constitution and make slavery in all areas outlawed and many thought that they would leave the Union before this inflicted upon them. The southerners held back from the division until 1860 when Lincoln became President. In history it is known that South Carolina was the first state that began the secession. “On December 20, 1860, a state convention repealed South Carolina’s ratification of the U.S. Constitution and voted to withdraw from the Union.
The Missouri Compromise was definite attempt by the government to shove the issue out of view. By the time the Missouri Compromise was introduced, a few northern states were already in the process of abolishing slavery, as was England. The government was finally recognizing the cruelties of slavery but did not want to anger the southern plantation owners. Thus, they created the Missouri Compromise in order to ease their guilt and face the least contempt. The Missouri Compromise was only able to increase the brewing conflict of slavery between northern states and southern states.
A large factor for growing colonies was the desire for religious freedom. Some of the first religious dissenters to enter the Americas where the Puritans. They hoped to create a more “pure” church and be free from persecution that they experienced in England. The most famous of these groups where the Pilgrims who arrived on the Mayflower and settled in the Plymouth colony. The Plymouth colony was a success, and with this news, thousands of other Puritans relocated to the Americas.