Florence felt that it had superiority over other Italian cities, and had the strong desire to express this through the use of arts. Florentine patrons wanted the best artists and sculptures to beautify their city so that it would appear to be the most prominent of the principalities in Italy. However, there was not just a rivalry between Florence and the various city states of Italy. There was also a rivalry amongst the different guilds that dominated Florence. In the 1400s, Florence was controlled by seven main guilds, “each of which has a particular social standing and political outlook”.
We can see the movement develop through the works of Rossini, Bellini and Donizetti, reaching its height with Verdi. Verdi`s 'forte' was for Romantic melodrama. He was aware, that melodrama was more effective when contrasted with romantic love and pure pathos. Verdi, too, indulged in some Romantic impulses during the first decade of his career, setting text by the heroes of French Romanticism, Victor Hugo (Ernani, 1844) and Shakespeare (Macbeth,
Mantegna was born in 1431 in a small town called Isola di Carturo, Republic of Venice, close to Padua, which is now Italy today. At the age of eleven, he started to work for a local artist named Squarcione. Mantegna grew up to be a well-known artist who was skilled in having a linear sharpness and thorough attention to detail of his paintings, mostly frescoes, and engravings. Mantegna stands out among Italian Renaissance painters for his complete dedication to classical ancient times. Mantegna was the leading artist of the school of Padua and one of the most famous figures of the Italian Renaissance.
In his early years his style was more focused on human figure than space, but later reformed to making plenty of small figures so the picture may seem more alive and elaborated. One of his prominent includes La Primavera, the Spring. The painting was painted for Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici, cousin of Lorenzo the Magnificent in 1482. The Medici were an important Florentine banking family who later were also the Royal House of Tuscany.
Each artist paints and or sculpts pieces that show human emotions, religious symbolism, and extreme detail. Leonardo da Vinci is the first artist to be discussed because of his popularity. He is best known for the Mona Lisa. The Mona Lisa was a portrait of a woman that developed a meaning, people said it’s a symbol of the Renaissance information which came from this quote. “The Mona Lisa was originally this type of portrait, but over time its meaning has shifted and it has become an icon of the Renaissance perhaps the most recognized painting in the world.”
This simply means "art for art 's sake". He did not have the intentions of becoming an author with the purpose to entertain an audience but, to express his ideals and feelings (Clayworth 85). A large group of people flocked to his works because he was able to show the beauty of life and that one does not have to follow a strict rule book to thrive in life. Oscar Wilde cared more for himself than following others. Additionally, he chose to ridicule the people who conform
How has the Classical tradition (the art of Greece and Rome) continued to affect art through the 1700s? The Greek and the Roman culture perfectly understood the combination of philosophy, arts, and literature to create a sense of overwhelming feelings and admirations on ancient cultures. Even though these two civilizations no longer have the preeminence, yet many years later, the world continues to remember their accomplishment in the world of art. One element that would not be forgotten about the classical tradition; that is the arts of Greece and Rome is the enthusiasm it generated and continued to generate even through the 1700s.
Antigone sees this pride as damaged, and believes that he does not use logic in his reasoning. The logical way to handle the situation, from Antigone’s point of view, would be to bury Polyneices because doing so would please the gods. Antigone is not afraid of Creon because she recognizes that Creon’s order is coming from his disillusionment of the power he holds. This magnifies Antigone’s determination to resist Creon’s decree. On the other hand, Antigone knows that the gods are not prideful.
Both movements focused on the individual’s salvation and disputed the hierarchy of the Catholic Church (10). Humanists focused more on an individual’s ability to reach excellence and less on other truths found in Christianity, such as sin (6). They felt the Protestant Reformers focused too much on religious issues, so their movement emphasized human potential (10). The Reformation continued to grow however, as the townspeople witnessed for themselves the behavior of bishops in their own cities (11). It was obvious that many bishops enjoyed their privileged power within the clerical offices, rather than people’s spiritual wellness (11).
Modernism is a literary and artistic movement of the 20th century that can be defined as a set of values produced between World War I and II. Some examples of Modernist Literature are the essays Modern Fiction by Virginia Woolf and From Romanticism and Classicism by T.E. Hulme. These essays characterize Modernism by it’s rejection of materialism and the sensible view of hopes and dreams that it holds. And though not all pieces created in this time were an example of modernist literature, All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque is. This is due to its strong stance that man has limits, unlike the past literary movement, Romanticism, which viewed man as a somewhat perfect creature possible of anything, and the fact that it strayed from materialism, and focused more on internal conflict.
Humanism was a study of the classics and focused on each individual themselves. Greco-Roman styles, individuality, and both science and mathematics heavily influenced many works of art in the Italian Renaissance. The Vitruvian Man done by Leo Da Vinci perfectly portrays humanism within art. The drawing is of a lone man and it focuses on his natural form; the individual himself. Science and anatomy were used to create the body.
In the early 20th century after the world war I, this was the period when modernism started. There was the industrialization, development of modern technology to solve problems and there was the modernist movement in writing also. This movement was characterized by a lack of confidence in the traditional ways of explaining existence and its meaning. Family, and religion were no longer seen as being dependable. Writers could not find any meaning in the old ways of writing, they did see the need to start writing in new techniques as the world was changing.