Totalitarianism is a form of government where the government can do what ever they want, and the government can make anyone do what ever the government wants. During the Russian Revolution a dictator by the name of Stalin used this form of government. Stalin used totalitarianism for a couple reasons. The first reason was to stop protests and the second one, was to make sure that there wasn’t going to be another civil war in Russia. While using totalitarianism, Stalin had complete dominance over Russia.
This will ultimately speak volumes about his perceived views on government. According to Peter Baehr: author of Dictatorship in History “Totalitarianism extreme in its denial of liberty, conveys a regime type with truly radical ambitions. Its chief objectives are to rule unimpeded by legal restraint, civic pluralism, and party competition, and to refashion human nature itself,” (Baehr 1). Baehr goes on to say that one characteristic of totalitarianism is, “A revolutionary, exclusive, and apocalyptic ideology that announces the destruction of the old order; corrupt and compromised, and the birth of a radically new, purified and muscular age. Totalitarian ideology creates myths, festivities… and rituals designed to commemorate the destiny of the elect,” (Baehr 5).
"" The particular type of myth which underlies fascist ideology is palingenetic in nature, which denotes that it encompasses an idea of "re-birth" following "a period destruction of or perceived dissolution". 12 Within fascist ideology this becomes a vision of a new order in society and the world, a new order underlain by ultra-nationalism. nationalism 13 Griffin maintains that if a populist becomes linked with an idea of rebirth from decadence, then fascism will be the result. Nevertheless, such fascism would only become a mass movement if actual social conditions were such as to engender a feeling of substantive crisis within the population-14 "In other words", he says, "our ideal type suggests that from the moment populist nationalism coincided with a climate of palingenetic fascism expectancy was 'bound' to appear. Yet it also suggests that it was only likely to gain any sort of mass following objective structural dysfunction profound 9 ibid., p. viii 10ibid., p. 27 11ibid., p. 28 ý- ibid., p. 33 13 ibid., pages35 and 38 23 14ibid., pages201-202 5 in conditions
In the early of 20th century, the notion of totalitarianism created to define Italian Fascism and separate it from dictatorships. The terms slightly differ from each other; however, they are same in their essence. In your minds several questions appear may with this concept: What is a totalitarian regime and how to establish it? Definition of totalitarianism is “a system of highly centralized government in which one political party or group takes control and grants neither recognition nor tolerance to other political groups”. To establish a totalitarian regime, use intense propaganda campaign and create a common target for public.
Fascism and communism are both types of totalitarian style governments that had a great influence on the 20th century. Communism involved the emphasis on the common good by seizing private property and distributing it among the masses in order to create state-owned property, whereas fascism involved the complete rule of a dictator by forcibly suppressing the opposition with an emphasis on nationalism and sometimes racism. The most popular example of communism was the Soviet Union, but many smaller countries possessed the Soviet Union’s communist influence. The two most popular examples of fascist style governments include Hitler’s Nazism in Germany, which had an emphasis on racism, and Mussolini’s fascist state in Italy. Although many countries pursued communist style governments, fascism had a greater impact and
According to Merriam-Webster, totalitarianism is defined as “the political concept that the citizen should be totally subject to an absolute state authority.” This concept has been used in countries including North Korea, the Soviet Union, and Iraq, by the leaders, Kim Jong Un, Joseph Stalin, and Saddam Hussein, respectively. In addition, totalitarianism is a prevalent concept in George Orwell’s 1984, due to the repressive nature of the Party. This is exemplified in their use of censorship, indoctrination, secret police, and other methods of absolute control. The totalitarian government shown in North Korea, Iraq, the Soviet Union, as well as in George Orwell’s 1984, is unethical and infringes on the people’s basic rights as stated by “The
Moreover, Orwell expresses that a totalitarian government will put an end to individuality and emphasize the importance of unity among all citizens through the use of indirect manipulation and propaganda. “Indeed, so long as they are not permitted to have standards of comparison, they never even become aware that they are oppressed” (207). The totalitarian system of Oceania brings forth the unity and peace that only exists within the nation during the time of wars.
Fascism by definition is a form of government which included an authoritarian and nationalistic system of government as well as social organization. In further explanation it is a form of government in which a dictator or emperor ultimately controls the government, the people are subjected to following the orders of their dictator or they will suffer the consequences. Despite the authoritarian style of government there are plenty uses for implanting this style of government. Various countries have utilized this, as well as it being one of the driving forces persuading those other countries to implement this form of government. Some countries who implemented this way of thinking was Japan, Germany, and.
Although many people opposed Adolf Hitler when he attempted to rise to power in Germany, he had just enough supporters to begin his great conquest of an unattainable goal- to create a practically perfect society made up only of Aryans. Through this hideously fascist transformation of Germany, along with that of Italy and Japan, we are left to wonder, why fascism? As humans, we tend to look into more extreme solutions as our problems worsen. Whether it be poverty, sadness, or death, we fear pain and discomfort. When faced with these hardships, we become increasingly desperate for relief.
Eastern European countries fell into the control of a Stalinist Russia. The rise of Communism took place during 1945-1950. Communism is a political theory derived by Karl Marx. Communists believe that society should be classless and there is no private owned property, society would own the property; Communism is a form of Socialism. Vladimir Lenin made Russia a totalitarian government and after he died, Joseph Stalin took over and became the new dictator of Russia.