The 4 olds include old customs, old habits, old culture, and old ideas. Mao saw that this was a social challenge that existed within in China at this time and so he initiated the cultural revolution to end these 4 olds. The cultural revolution was a policy enacted by Mao that sought to end these olds. This policy was very successful and through the mobilization of kids through the Red Guard, Mao was able to end almost all of the instances of the 4 olds within China. The people who still believed in these were too afraid to speak out about their beliefs.
In this essay William Lutz would be considered someone who fakes history for the government like in the Ministry of truth, to please the government. Although this essay states there was blood on their shirts during that time, individuals continue to say, “I was wrong” and “No one died in Tiananmen Square”. No one denies this and they protect the government in results of fear. They are being forced to lie and say the army did not hurt anyone nor killed anyone. The government in China wants people to “Love the Party, love the socialist motherland”, similar to Nineteen Eighty - Four because “The two aims of the party are to conquer the whole surface of the earth and to extinguish once and for all the possibility of independent thought” (Orwell 193).
He concentrated on Marxism and felt that socialism was the most ideal approach to get the laborers behind him in ousting the government. After President Sun Yat-sen passed on in 1925, Chiang Kai-shek assumed control over the government and the Kuomintang. Chiang no more needed the communists as a major aspect of his government. He broke the alliance with the communists and started slaughtering and detaining socialist pioneers. The Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang (also called the Nationalist Party) and the Communists had started.
This progression of manufacturing led to a larger middle class, as people found the desire to buy luxury goods for themselves once again, leading to economic enhancement. Nationalism was further highlighted by the Tariff of 1816 - the first tariff in American history, which was instituted primarily for protection, not revenue (Borneman 261). The expansion of industrialization as a result of this enlarged middle class demonstrated America’s need to expand their self-sufficiency; because before the war, America greatly relied on foreign countries. The War of 1812 revealed the necessity for a better transportation system, economic independence, and independent markets, all of which came to fruition as a result of the
Without a doubt, industrialization was one of the biggest factors in how the United States developed. It gave us the means of mass production, better transportation, and eventually the consumerist society that the United States is today. Industrialization did drastically change American society, but did it change America for the better? Did it do more good than bad? While industrialization did lead to multiple social and economic problems, the advantages significantly outweigh the disadvantages.
Confucius was able to shape the families of the ancient world of China in very subtle, yet powerful ways and these beliefs and traditions molded Chinese family’s well into the 20th century. The first way Confucius influenced China was by creating five relationships of society Ruler to Subject Father to Son Husband and wife Elder brother and younger brother These roles set the
Citizens could now build more technical products and become more efficient, making the country’s economy much better. “By 1906, school attendance was as high as 95%, and Japan boasted one of the highest literacy rates in the world” (Canadian Heritage Network, 1999). This made the government realise the importance of education in modernizing Japan. Imperial Rescript of Education “laid the foundations for modern education in Japan” (CHIN, 1999). Without this influence Japan’s education would have been almost non-existent, and japan could not progress itself as a
As Tome Pires leads the first diplomatic mission to china, something no Portuguese had ever done before, He and the others encountered with the Chinese courts for violating Chinese law. “ He apparently offended the local Chinese officials in many ways, for example, by building a stone fort at the mouth of the Canton River and hanging one of his crew on Chinese soil.” Without any knowledge of the Chinese law and customs, the Portuguese were quick to offend and disrespect Chinese grounds permitting the outcome of violence and China to gain dominance. The Portuguese also advance to take action without knowing any background about the country. Gordon states, “The Portuguese approach was utterly unlike that of the Chinese. Instead of generalized dominance through diplomacy and recognition of local their strategy were, in fact, much closer to that of Genghis Khan: seize the trading cities and important resources, destroy resistance, tax trade, and make conquest pay for itself.” With the Portuguese oblivious to the Chinese thoughts and having no knowledge of the country itself, gave a benefit to China to gain control and killing the Portuguese along the way for the laws they have broken.
As once said, “Congratulations, you have survived the war. Now live with the trauma.” When it comes to revolutions, wars, battles, or any sort of conflict can affect many people in many different ways. For author, Bei Dao, he was traumatized, in one way or another, and used writing as a way to cope. Bei Dao was grew up in the midst of the Communist Revolution and witnessed the worst excesses of the Culture Revolution. The Culture Revolution lasted from 1966 to 1976, and was a movement that tried to remake Chinese society by destroying all vestiges of intellectual and cultural life.
Mao Zedong was the greatest revolutionary leader in China, but he may not be a great example for governing a country successfully. He did not make China a better country after all, in fact, he ruined it. Mao Zedong had a negative impact on China because he ruined the economy by trying to improve China’s agriculture and to spur industrialization, took away civil rights by limiting freedom of speech, movements, or thoughts, and destroyed Chinese culture by attempting to purge China of its past. Mao Zedong was the chairman of the People’s Republic of China from 1949 to 1959. He was an ambitious and consistent man which made him available to lead the Chinese Communist Party from 1935 until his died in 1976.
Then, with all this newly acquired power, Liu decided to really make a change when he abolished the awful laws that were once alive with the Qin dynasty and replaced them with new laws that were supported by the people. Annie Wu’s The Han Dynasty includes this example and many more of Bang’s thoughtful changes and his reason behind it all, to win the support of the common people. Liu treated his people less harshly than the Qin rulers did and even lowered
China had fallen into disarray and became a trading target for other countries. Instead of competing they all had their own zones to trade, use ports, and take territories. This was much easier than taking over all of China because they got all of the benefits without trying to conquer the many people and massive country. But America didn’t have a zone and were jealous. John Hay wrote letters to all the influencing countries to sat that the US was going to trade in China.