The impact of the Chinese Cultural Revolution on the arts and education The Chinese Cultural Revolution was a deadly weapon used by Mao Zedong to enforce his political power and wipe out the Chinese intelligentsia for the next few decades. It was a turning point in Chinese art, education and other traditions. When Mao officially encouraged his student army to destroy the “Four Olds”: old customs, culture, habits and ideas, China made a sharp turn towards cultural and intellectual decline. Visual art in late 1960s China was heavily influenced by politics and the wishes of the Chinese Communist Party. One of those policies was the cult of Mao Zedong.
Tang Emperor Wu, the ruler of the most influential empire, is calling for Confucius followers to strengthen their devotion to their values and beliefs linking Confucianism with their identity; Chinese culture. Because of this, conservative Chinese see Buddhism as a threat to social order in their country by reflecting many ideals that oppose to Confucian values which commanded the political and social life in the country for more than a century which had grown China into one of the most powerful empires worldwide, where people believed in understanding their role in life and following the Five Relationships under all circumstances to satisfy Heaven. Therefore, the spread of Buddhism represented a dishonor to the spirits by encouraging social disobedience. Additionally, Buddhism illustrated defiance to the Gods and ancient traditional spirits, seeing Buddhism as an unfavorable
The Tiananmen Square rebellion had an immediate effect on China’s foreign relations. “Together with its allies, the United States quickly imposed a series of diplomatic and economic sanctions against China” (The National Bureau of Asian Research). With declined tourism and withdrawing foreign investments, China’s GDP growth rate dropped from 11 to 3%. As a result, China wanted to over come the to international isolation, and to rebuild relationship with foreign countries and regain access to international markets and investments. Over time, China has gradually regained the relationship through communication, compromisation, and restored affairs.
In my opinion, Chinese intellectuals experience during the Cultural Revolution was not accidentally resulted. The original reason of the movement was ideology divergence which lead to CCP’s distrust towards some intellectuals. Their conflicts were suppressed in the phase of Sino-Japanese War, for both sides set defeating Japan as their first goal. Their relationship changed after CCP won the Civil War, intellectuals was firstly organized and utilized to reform the Party and build new orders in China. Intellectuals still have some power to criticize the Party at that time, but their power was gradually took away after CCP formed a whole ruling system.
“In reality, however, the system was heavily biased toward the authorities (Littleton 114).” This being a cause that led to the Tang Dynasty follow Buddhism. “Confucianism never disappeared from sight and in fact continued to dominate elite family life and governmental service (Bethrong).” Although Neo-Confucianism was withering, it never truly was gone. Confucianism was a very important factor to the government
He also had less state control of the economy, and continued to encourage ownership. The citizens of China did not have to be flag waving communist, but they could not “boo” his ideals. Due to all of these improvements, there was a spectacular growth in the 80’s. This created desire for democratic reform by many younger, educated Chinese
The Influence of Confucianism, Legalism, and Buddhism on Chinese Empires and Society The history of the ancient China is filled with explorations and reforms of the most suitable, effective, and adaptable state ideology for different empires and the society ruled. Up till Tang dynasty, since the early emperors themselves had little idea what would be ideal and what would not, different ideologies were endorsed in a much experimental way, among which three major ideologies played important roles in shaping the Chinese empires that advocated them and affecting the values and behaviors of the society under the rule of these empires. These three ideologies are Legalism, Confucianism, and Buddhism, and were adopted by Qin, Han, and Tang dynasty
Mao Zedong was a Chinese communist Revolutionist, who was one of the founding members of the Communist Party of China, had governed as the Chairman of the People’s Republic of China since 1949. As a revolutionist, he launched several revolutions such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution which ended in catastrophes, whilst he contributed much to the communist party as well as China. So, was Mao Zedong a hero or a tyrant? A hero should have leadership skills, be visionary, progressive, and would strike for national interest, justice and glorify the nation. On the contrary, a tyrant is a dictator, aggressive, inhumane, and rule by terror, neglect citizens’ interest and uses power unjustly.
Around then, teachers just ask that students to memorize but not to explain. So he put his most loved books, for example, "Three Kingdoms", "Outlaws of the Marsh" pulverized by furtively perusing the novels beneath. Not just that, Mao Zedong valor to oppose his dad's power because of the absurd verbal misuse, discipline from his dad. At home, his mom and he and also his more youthful sibling sorted out 'resistance party" to disprove his dad. Mao Zedong courageous to against his dad in broad daylight.
Ethnic and family concepts are important for Chinese people. People think that if everyone has a harmonious family, then the country will also be getting better. A country is like a big family. According to the book Chinese Culture, "Respecting and taking care of the aged parents is regarded as an obligatory duty in China. Chinese people believe that only those who are concerned with and practice filial devotion to their parents would be honest, faithful, and be grateful to others and seek ways to return their kindness" (Lao, 2007, P.19) To respect parents is the basic factor to achieve a harmonious family and is also the basic factor to have a harmonious country.