Technology, knowledge, politics and many more ideas were all becoming influences of the west. China was in a crisis. In order for China to emerge from this, had to observe their level of national power, discover the problem and progress as a whole (Chen). Chen Duxiu’s call for nationalism explained the negative connotations that imperialism had on their country. In his eyes, the lack of nationalism was a result of the conflicting ideas of the old and the new.
Mao’s goals for China were impossible to achieve as he believed the country could make a century’s worth of achievements in as little as a few decades (B). Although Mao claimed that these achievements were to be accomplished in the interests of the Chinese population, it is clear that the damage caused by the Great Leap Forward was too extreme to reflect a policy which was in the interests of the people. Mao introduced the idea of communes as he believed these would increase production.
Communists believed that if the world was under strict control and supervision they could ensure safety, no more war, and world peace. The United States and western world believed that people should have free-will and a less controlling government. Democracy was more prominent than communism in most of the western world, so the Soviet Union sought after the middle east to take control of. These countries in the middle east needed leadership and the soviets saw that as an opportunity for them to spread their ideologies. The Cold War effected the Middle East, Afghanistan, and African nations in many ways.
Social instability in China stems from the legacy of Mao Zedong and the inability of the Chinese political elite to tear itself away from Mao’s manifestation of communism. Mao’s influence continues to live on creating a huge fragmentation in society and allowing the regime to create inequalities. The United States base their politics on freedom and liberty. Chinas politics centre on economic reform and aggressively asserting nationalism. It is these pillars that offers the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) legitimacy.
It can be inferred that the person would be in favour of a revolution for equality rather than the passive method of distribution of wealth. This proposes the best way to create equality and prosperity for society is to destroy the social structure. The source, regarding the issue of the status quo in society, is a resolve that connects to communism. Communism is a rejection of liberalism, meaning that it proposes violence in order to create change. In the source, the man contains collectivist ideals, explaining that a laissez-faire economy causes problems within the working class.
Wolf Ladenjinsky (1957) argues that the ideological motivations behind the reform were just as important as the economic ones. The annihilation of landlords was necessary to, firstly, be faithful to the ideas of revolutions, secondly, avoid any retaliation action form the landlords that lost their possessions. The landlords were practically the only source of authority in the villages before the Party organizations were established. By annihilating the landlords the Party made sure that there would be less resistance during further reforms. Furthermore, as the “liquidation” of the landlords was the duty of the peasants, the Party could make the peasantry share the guilt for the crime (Ladenjinsky 1957).
The middle and wealthy class got their land taken and distributed to the poor. He did help socially because he gave the poor a better living conditions and extended education for the poor he also gave women equal power as men 's. Mao Zedong did not make China a better society economically because he got landlords discriminated and made their economy lower, the middle and wealthy class got their land taken and distributed to the poor. In document #9, it stated that the Chinese economy was low and once Mao stop being China 's leader the economy was able to grow again. Chinese society did not get better under Mao’s rule because there was roadblock preventing the economy from growing and Mao was the problem not allowing it to thrive.
At one point in time conversation was about debate and political reasoning as suggested by Habermas. However, in our contemporary world it has evolved into not only as Shudson suggests conversation being seen as useless in terms of democracy but also a way for individuals to exhibit their knowledge and experience of everyday life. The source of discomfort suggested by Shudson is thus replaced with a need to seek that discomfort and challenge one’s opinions and not in a positive matter as that praised by Habermas. Media outlets provide the space not for debate and intellectual growth but for one to exhibit one’s knowledge in relation to others. The concept of illusion brought up by Silverstone promotes the illusion of intellectuality individuals exhibit by reading articles or watching short Facebook clips to make themselves feel informed about the unreachable world of the other.
However, ideology was not its primary driving force as the path dependency imposed by ideology on foreign policy was contingent on the desire to pursue other goals which were more primary, like CCP’s need to maintain legitimacy domestically and internationally. America’s anti-communist rhetoric in the early Cold War made it difficult for CCP to demonstrate warmer overtures due to its need to stay consistent with its positioning as communist country to maintain regime legitimacy, and set the stage for tenuous Sino-American relations. In the context of the Sino-Soviet alliance, China had to intervene in the Korean War to demonstrate China’s dedication to the communist ideology. This helped position China as a legitimate partner of the USSR worthy of its aid in light of the latter’s fear of abandonment in its prevailing alliance dilemma. While ideology charted specific courses of action for Chinese foreign policy in a path-dependent manner, its contingency on other more key objectives sees arguments on the primacy of ideology unable to systematically account for Chinese foreign policy
Mao Zedong’s trustworthiness and honesty mostly helped him gain trust and loyalty from the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), led him to his struggle for power, including the Futian incident, The Long March, and finally the defeat of the GMD. As one of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), Mao’s strong integrity of making China the same basis as of the start, believed that not a single person would be allowed to change the culture of China. Indeed, the Guomindang main aim under Chiang was to eliminate the Chinese Communist Party, this resulted the White Terror extermination campaign. Mao Zedong survived and escaped to the mountains of Jiangxi province, where he launched the Autumn Harvest Rising, resisting the GMD from further damage to the CCP. Mao Zedong’s strong principle of unwilling to accept dictation, allowed him to establish the Jiangxi Soviet, dedicated to a peasant revolution, and rejected orders from the USSR for moving CCP bases from the countryside to towns, yet, Mao Zedong holds a strong integrity of holding the same culture, believing that no one could ever change the CCP.