Mao Zedong Summary

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Mao Zedong, the founder of the People’s Republic of China, had great ideologies and plans for China. He was ambitious in wanting the People’s Republic to become a world super power and was eager to make create a nation with pride. He was a socialist and that creating a socialist country that was different from the former Nationalist regime was crucial. However, Mao had many inner struggles. Many of Mao’s thoughts were contradicting, and he had many struggles between which ideologies he should emphasis on. After Stalin’s fall, people in China started to realize that the utopian neighbor Soviet Union is not as perfect as they always thought it had been. This was a complete shock to the Chinese, and that the myth that the all-socialist countries…show more content…
He wanted the lives of the people to actually improve. The Western countries were full of freedom of thought and Mao did not like the decentralization of those capitalists’ governments. Mao wanted something having the best of systems, a centralized government with efficiency, and a country for the people, where government officials were not distant from the people. The Soviet model which emphasized on the development of heavy industry and in urban areas was also a reason give Mao a inner struggle. Mao was from a rural farmer background himself, and knew the disadvantages of the Soviet model to the farmers. He gave answers such as differentiating long-term benefits of farmers to short-term benefits of farmers. Making the point that focusing on heavy industry was a long-term benefit for the farmers because it will strengthen the country. These ideologies were contracting in the first place, and this made Mao had to choose one from another. This can be seen in early years when Mao seemed to give ambiguous answers about whether people were allowed to criticize the party and the socialism during the Hundred Flowers Movement. Mao knew letting people have the freedom of thought could make people more…show more content…
He believed that there was a need for non-stopping revolutionaries and that that class struggle was necessary. Mao wanted a country lead by the proletariat and that the bourgeois, the rightist, and the anti-revolutionist were enemies. After the failure of the Cultural Revolution, Mao successor Deng Xiaoping was facing the decision of what road to the People’s Republic should be led to. The Cultural Revolution leaves Deng the decision to seek a new path for China. New voices of seeing Mao in a negative light became inevitable if Deng chooses a different path. Of course, Deng would still want to respect Mao’s thought, as both leaders wanted the People’s Republic to become a stronger nation. Deng really opposed Mao’s idea of focusing on the proletariat and believed that this was the cause of failure. Mao chose to strengthen the party. Deng knew he still had to give some credit to Mao, because he did not want a completely opposing population from the public to weaken the party’s position. However, Deng knew Mao’s idealistic Chinese Socialism was not the path to go on. Deng still believed in centralization of the party but believed that development of the country was more realistic. Unlike Mao, Deng no longer focuses on class struggles and farmers’ revolution. Although Deng brought China to the international

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