Communism was a philosophy created by Karl Marx, a German political theorist. In 1848, he published his ideas of communism in his manifesto. His work depicted ideals of equality, and a fair society. In 1917, Russia, gripped in a brutal civil war, was inspired by this ideal. Vladimir Lenin, Lenon Trotsky, and Joseph Stalin, overtook the Russian government in 1922.
Beginning in 1928 with Stalin’s first Five Year Plan, Stalin commenced a campaign to reverse the purely Marxist agrarian policies implemented by prior Bolshevik leadership. Under “the man of steel”, land previously given to individual peasants was seized and organized into collective farms. Believing that collectivization of agrarianism would lead to more efficient food production, Stalin implemented these policies, not foreseeing the backlash he would receive from peasants desiring greater autonomy. This dissidence was compounded by famine rampant throughout the USSR, most notably in the Ukraine. In fact, during the War Scare of 1927, many peasants hoarded their food supplies.
Almost immediately the Soviet government had to respond to signs of rebellion as in the spring of 1953 when Beria, with Malenkov’s support, “attempted to get the policy of building socialism in East Germany reexamined which lead to the June 1953 uprising in East Berlin and not only displayed the inability of the East German leaders to solve their internal problems with dispatch but also revealed the miscalculation of Soviet leadership.” (Zubkova, 2000) As Khrushchev took power three years later many in the Soviet Union were shocked when he began to de-Stalinize the country and unintentionally “caused an veritable revolution in people’s attitudes throughout the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.”(Hosking, 1993) Many countries began to act out, including riots in Poland and the Hungarian Revolution that was suppressed in 1956, due to their resentfulness of the Soviet Union’s interference in their countries and what they perceived as a moment of weakness in Soviet leadership after the Secret Speech. Taubman argues that while there were many reforms the Soviet Union Khrushchev’s response to these uprisings demonstrated that the “formula for holding together the Soviet bloc was to tolerate a modicum of diversity and domestic autonomy, to emphasize
Eisenhower can easily be compared in how different they were socially. Those differences can easily be found in the beliefs each man held for their country. Stalin believed in a society of communism where everyone would be given equal amounts of everything, and the government authority would control the community. He preached that in order to make communism work efficiently, society would have to forcefully go through a change from capitalism to communism (“Joseph Stalin”). Stalin not only found motivation in his efforts, but he created a goal to expand the use of communism around the world (“Cold War History”).
Napoleon carries the same characteristics and intentions as Stalin, which is power. Napoleon is often compared to Jones as Stalin is to Czar. These characters often use fear to control their community as Stalin and czar did. George Orwell portrays this parody through comparison of Napoleon and Mr. Jones as he shows at the end of the book, “ The creatures looked outside from pig to man, and man to pig , and pig to man again: but already it was impossible to say which was which.”(95). This quote compares the pigs, lead by Napoleon, to humans who believe in one controlling superpower who Mr. Jones shares characteristics with.
CVCP, nowadays, has embraced political platforms from the Communist Party of China and the Communist Party of Vietnam. The party is seeking possible way for a peaceful transition to socialism. The only solution for the problem of exploitation and oppression against mankind is the termination of the system of capitalism. This termination depends on socialism, which can make possible by the lead of the U. S. working class. The class, with its enduring history of revolution around the worlds, is capable of initiating mass movements and making transition possible.
Stalin wanted to make a national culture more Russian. (pg546) Stalin also believed in the belief that there was no god until there was an official state policy. (pg 547) Hitler promised to solve the economic crisis to restore Germany’s former greatness. (pg 551) Hitler made Germany become a Totalitarian State. Hitler attacks anyone who was against him like the British and France.
Who is Joseph Stalin? Is Joseph Stalin important? What did Joseph Stalin do? Joseph Stalin was the ruler of the Soviet Union and helped defeat Nazism. Joseph was born on December 18, 1879 in Gori.On December 18, 1879, in the Russian peasant village of Gori, Georgia, Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, later known as Joseph Stalin, was born.
He concentrated on Marxism and felt that socialism was the most ideal approach to get the laborers behind him in ousting the government. After President Sun Yat-sen passed on in 1925, Chiang Kai-shek assumed control over the government and the Kuomintang. Chiang no more needed the communists as a major aspect of his government. He broke the alliance with the communists and started slaughtering and detaining socialist pioneers. The Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang (also called the Nationalist Party) and the Communists had started.