Marcel: Existentialism In The Twentieth Century Society

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Marcel considered one of the most significant existentialists in his time. In 1910, Marcel received his doctor's degree in logic from the Sorbonne, as he became interested in the intellectual life. Marcel and many of European writers influenced by the World War I, so he became fascinated with matter of death. He was one the famous figures in renaissance as he became superior in drama, philosophy, music, politics, and theology. Throughout his adult life, he addicted to piano. In literature, Marcel wrote more than 30 plays. His most major philosophical works involve Being and Having (1949), The Mystery of Being, Volume I and II, Man against Mass Society and Creative fidelity. He is not a methodical sophist. Soren Kierkegaard ideas affected…show more content…
In his opinion, individual could overcome the silliness of life and alienation by philosophy and religion to live a real meaningful existence. Marcel thinks himself a "Socratic Christian" in the heritage of St Augustine and other philosophers. Although, he was not faithfulness man and his philosophy was not as dark as most related to existentialism. Marcel's works characterized by optimistic ideas that represent in hope. Sometimes things do not go well, so Marcel thought that hope is not belief that things will be quiet well. According to Marcel, the enigma of being is not a matter to be solved. The notion of hope depends on his distinguish between the idea of problem and mystery. "A problem is something which I meet, which I find completely before me, but which I can therefore lay siege to and reduce. But a mystery is something in which I am myself involved…" (Marcel, 1949, p. 117). Regard for problematic man, life is a string of chances that hold, and the body is repelled from the problematic man's materiality. Marcel believes that there is no problem more important or difficult than determining how to overcome unhopeful in personal turn. Hope in the moral life serves as a ground for relationship with the self, others and
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