Sherrill on the other hand, speaks directly not to the politics of America, but to the mythos, the narrative. Sherrill does not go into heavy political logistics like Chidester and Linenthal do, instead Sherrill speaks on behalf of the cultural and conscious aspects of defining a sacred space. Sherrill makes a good argument when he discusses Linenthal’s approach towards the argument of deciding what is sacred. He states that Linenthal tries to find a particular pattern, the logistics. Meanwhile Sherrill is more concerned with using the words “sacred space” as an adjective, instead of allowing it to become a noun, losing all the cultural landscape it once had.
Why do we give each other Gifts? Sociologist Marcel Mauss wrote “The Gift” in 1925 to analyze this question. He argued that the ritual of gift giving fulfills several key social obligations. Mauss believed that gift giving is an organising principle of social cohesion and act as social glue. For him gift giving is usually used to establish or strengthen an alliance or to achieve reconciliation.
One of his earliest works was Les Structures Élémentaires de la Parenté (The Elementary Structures of Kinship), which examines kinship not in terms of lineage but through alliances. He explores how societies are based on the principles of the incest-taboo and the exchange of women. In his alliance
In her essay she is informing her audience about patriarchy.The definition of patriarchy is “a system of society or government in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is traced through the male line” (Dictionary). Hooks explains everything about patriarchy, she explains a religious perspective, a feminist perspective, and even a personal experience with patriarchy. To strengthen this, hook uses numerous rhetorical strategies. Hooks’ use of structure, tone, personal experience, logos, and variety of perspectives, support her purpose and strengthen her essay. As mentioned before, structure is a rhetorical strategy used in Hooks’ writing.
In the reading, it says narrative is defined by Gerald Prince as “the representation of at least two real or fictive events or situations in a time sequence, neither of which presupposes or entails the other” (Palczewski 118). To me that definition is kind of confusing when it is read over once. Luckily, the book follows this definition and breaks it down in a way that is easier to understand. According to the book, narratives “depict or describe events; they are not the events themselves…. To be a narrative, a rhetorical action must organize people’s experiences by identifying relationships among events and across time” (Palczewski 118-119).
Jay Yarmove, from the University of Cincinnati, wrote “The underpinning of Shirley Jackson’s famous post-World War II story “The Lottery” demonstrate that the work is far greater than the sum of its parts” (Yarmove). This one sentence speaks volumes about the theme and symbolism in the story. The story is written in a manner that allows the reader to empathize with the characters and shows the importance but also the mockery of family and traditions. Traditions are often thought of to be a way for families or communities to demonstrate the customs or beliefs of previous generations. Traditions are commonly thought to be a positive reflection on the past, however in “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson traditions are not positive in nature.
It forces people to form broader alliances by forcing people to marry outside their immediate families. It also keeps kinship intact (2002). A child’s identity is based on ethnicity, race, religion and social class and is ascribed at birth through the family. Families permit the transmission of wealth and status from parents to children. According to the American functionalist sociologist Talcott Parsons, the family’s main functions are ‘primary socialisation and personality stabilisation’.
In her work, she describes how indigenous Hawaiians themselves have historically determined their identity through genealogy and a system of common descent. This inclusive and expansive method of determining identity established relationships and was the basis of social identity in their hierarchal class society (Kauanui, 2008, p.38) In contrast to this, the 1921 Hawaiian Homes and Commission Act imposed an arbitrary blood quantum in an effort to measure cultural orientation. In order to claim indigeneity, one had to have at least 50% blood “purity”. Although this 50% rule was viewed as more “scientific,” the blood quantum made assumptions about indigenous concepts of genealogy which undermined its fluidity and attempted to quantify race, a
When learning about some of the laws and policies enacted throughout history, it is important to understand the historical, social, and political context in which it was created. This does not mean that these contexts justify or alleviate blame from those who enacted these laws or policies, rather, examining the origin of these laws through an interdisciplinary approach can help to understand why these laws may have been created. Adam Cohen’s Imbeciles, discusses the United States eugenics movement and the sterilization of Carrie Buck. Using concepts from Kitty Calavita’s Invitation to Law and Society, Carrie Buck’s sterilization will be analyzed from the lens of law and society scholarship. The sterilization of Carrie Buck shows the impact
This journal is talking about the Cultural Relativist and Feminist critiques, where the critiques are similar on International Human Rights. The writer suggested short description of the criticism. According to the writer the critique made by the cultural relativist about international human right is that they reject the understanding that human right is universal by just being a human being or by virtue of being human and whose substance form and interpretation are not subject to variations in culture (Donnelly 1989: 109-110) . Where the Feminist critique says, in reality the one who has more power to human right is man and they said that the gender equality and discrimination against woman is not a priority in International world. This
Another pro would be when this is used as a marriage theory tool it would be helpful for each spouse to view where they fall on the map and if that has a negative effect. The last pro would be that I see this process being very concrete and presented in a less threatening approach. Some clients might resist a more introspective approach if they are exposing a past issues. However, a con of the couple and family map was the map only plots cohesion, flexibility, and communication and does not take into consideration the past history of the client. It is only used as a relational diagnosis because it focuses on the relational system and not the individual, nor does it account for the environment in which the client is experiencing or cultural differences.
In his article, Kauanui’s work critically examine the way that blood racializaion constructs Hawaiin identity as a measurable and dilutable. For Kauanui, racialization is the process by which racial meanning is ascribed in her case study of the Kanaka Maoli through ideologies of blood quantum. Blood quantum is a fractionalize measurement- a calculation of “distance” in relation to some supposed purity to mark one’s generational proximity to a full-blood forbearer. Kauanui notes that blood quantum logic presumes that one 's “blood amount” correlates to once cultural orientation and identity. She cites the example of the contemporary legal definition of “native Hawaiin” as a “descendent with at least one half blood quantum of individuals inhabiting
Instead of resisting nation building immigrant groups require a more tolerant approach to integration “that would allow and support immigrants to maintain various aspects of their ethnic heritage” (Kymlicka 354). It is necessary to recognize that immigrant groups deserve the same degree of respect, recognition, and accommodation that the majority group has had. Integration is not an overnight process and it is necessary that the policies implemented to integrate immigrants are morally fair. Unlike immigrants, isolationist ethnoreligious groups are unconcerned about their marginalization for the larger society. Rather than desire better integration policies, these groups seek exemption from various laws.
Through the adoption of feminist anthropology, globalization, politics of representation and political economy frameworks and theories Brennan is able to effectively explain that the sex trade is more than a means of survival- it is an advancement strategy that hinges on the sex workers successful “performance” of love. Through the successful application of these frameworks Brennan reveals that the status of anthropological theory and ethnographic representation is important in understanding the constantly evolving and globalized sociocultural
A similar phenomenon was explained in Emily Martin’s The Egg and the Sperm. She discusses how “Western science” explains reproduction in a culturally constructed fashion. The language used to describe gametes and other sexual organs ultimately depicts sperm as “active” and “strong” in contrast to the egg being “passive” and “dormant” (Martin 489-450). The language used by scientists to describe reproductive organs is not chosen to satisfy religious beliefs, but analogously the language represents stereotypical male-female roles. Both cases show how “biology itself is shaped by historical and material processes” (Roberts 115).