Negro spirituals were often called sorrow songs because of the fear of living as slaves. Later, a genre called ragtime was introduced in 1895, with Scott Joplin as the most known musician with this style of music. Next, blues was a way to transverse emotion of those longing for a better life. In the Harlem Renaissance era, jazz came into play. Performers often in clubs like Connies Club, and Smalls Paradise were the entertainment for the whites.
The Harlem Renaissance started the Civil Rights movement because it gave African Americans “racial pride, they gained more respect through the movement, and the music, writing, and art challenged the stereotypes they had of themselves. The Harlem Renaissance was an exciting and lively movement for all the races in the United States and influenced the music, art, and writing industry of today. It also inspired people of all races to be proud of their origin, and speak up for what they believe in. By speaking through their music, paintings, and writing, African Americans caught the attention of various people and gave them the courage to start the Civil Rights Movement, leading one another to great
The Harlem Renaissance, also known as the New Negro Movement, is a time period in American history that bred the likes of Langston Hughes, W.E.B Dubois, and Zora Neale Hurston. Despite the name, the Harlem Renaissance is not exclusive to the city of Harlem. The Harlem Renaissance period is an “interdisciplinary cultural movement” (Jones 2008) that unleashed creativity in the African American community and allowed the ingenuity of the community to be shared with the world. The Harlem Renaissance is the beginning of the age of modernism. This artistic movement included creative explosions in the areas of literature, poetry, dance, and music.
The Harlem Renaissance had many sources in black culture, originally of the United States and the Caribbean. As its capital harlem was a role model for artistic experimentation and a popular site. Its location helped give the “New Negroes” guidance and opportunities for publication they couldn't find anywhere else . Harlem is located just north of central park, it was a formerly white residential district, but by the early 1920s it was becoming a black city of Manhattan. New York City had an extraordinarily diverse and decentred black social world in which no one group could monopolize cultural authority.
The most influential movement in African American literary history, which contributed the phase of the “New Negro”, is known as The Harlem Renaissance. This movement played a pivotal role in creating a different identity for the black culture (History.com). Emerging in the 1920s, The Harlem Renaissance allowed black writers, artists, photographers, scholars, poets, and musicians to express their talents Part of the foundations of the movement was the Great Migration of African Americans from South to North, drastically expanding their knowledge and socioeconomic opportunities. Certainly the movement was more than literary, for having such a proximate relation to civil rights, the “New Negro” demanded civil and political privileges. Additionally, it had a revitalizing influence for African Americans to develop race pride; giving such a prestige to their work affected African Americans in a manner of desiring to reconnect with their unwanted African heritage.
In order to analyze the impact that Louis Armstrong had on American jazz and the Civil Right’s Movement, there has to first be an understanding of the contributions of jazz to American culture. Jazz is a genre of music that was created in New Orleans by African Americans around the 1920’s. This form of music is based off of syncopation and improvisation, and comes in the style of dixieland, bebop, free jazz, and swing. Louis Armstrong, a famous jazz musician, had brilliant trumpet playing skills and a voice that made him widely popular across America, and well known by every race. Armstrong’s amazing abilities transformed jazz from being ensemble music into being a soloist art along with widely popularizing the use of scat.
One of the most popular genres of music known to mankind today is the music of jazz. During the mid 1910’s, many of the nation 's population were living in the urban areas causing for ethnic diversity and a era for people to learn to express themselves. The 1920s brought many advancements to today 's society especially in music. Jazz was making its debut in the 1920s, which is why it is known as the ‘Jazz Age’. From the 1920 's through the late 1950 's jazz was shaped from the absolute entirety of African American.
The Harlem Renaissance Era took place during the 1920’s and 1930’s bring with it an explosive new genre of jazz and blues, art ,poetry and many other creative outlets thus creating many great changes. This was an era for expressing the African-American culture in American; documenting everything from our countries dark past to the optimistic hope of a brighter future for African Americans. The primary and most important factors that contributed to the up rise of the Harlem Renaissance were World War I and the Great Migration. For it was the relocation to Harlem during The Great Migration of African-American people from the egregious oppression of South to the North, that was the cause of this phenomenon. Harlem became one of the largest African- American communities in The United States, and during the Harlem Renaissance and soon became a center for art and literature.
The height of the Harlem Renaissance occurred between 1924 and 1929, but its ideas lived and extended for a longer period. Where this renaissance was known by different names such as the New Negro movement and the Harlem Renaissance which was named in 1925 by Alan Locke. Harlem 's Renaissance works focused on cultural and political aspects and was rich in various literary and cultural works, including plays, novels, poems, music, dance and other works of art that represent the flourishing of the famous African-American expression. Along with artists and political leaders such as Marcuse Garvey, who founded powerful and influential philosophies such as self-determination, the unity of black societies in the United States and Africa. Harlem 's renaissance is characterized by the adoption of the sophisticated idea of serious black identity and explicit ethnic pride through the prolific production of literature, art, music, and so on, which defied ethnic racism and widespread distinction, as well as the promotion of progressive politics.
“It’s a turning point in African American history for the reason it help build African Americans’ confidence “ (“Harlem Renaissance,” 2017). It gave African American artists and writers a platform within Western high culture (“Harlem Renaissance,” 2017). What was the Harlem Renaissance accomplishments? It boosted education and employment possibilities for African Americans. Harlem Renaissance included many amazing writers.
This was a time where many African Americans migrated north to be a part of a more civic, industrialized society. The African American people migrated so far north that they made it to the streets of Harlem, New York, earning this new Negro movement its name. Aaron Douglas is one of many black artists from the Harlem Renaissance and was the “first modern Black artist to use traditional African roots” in his artwork (1). Douglas was also the first president of the Harlem Artist Guild. He worked to help other African American artists find employment, as it was difficult to do so considering that “with this rebirth of traditional African culture, the number of African American artists rapidly increased” (1).
They began to express this new found freedom during the 1920s, when almost 1 million African Americans left the South and migrated to New York, Chicago and other urban centers (Foner 796). A new term called the "New Negro" came into play, which in art meant the rejection of established stereotypes and a search for black values to put in their place (Foner 797). This established a quest led by writers which birthed the Harlem Renaissance to show the roots of the black experience (Foner 797). The Harlem Renaissance is where we see African Americans really express their freedom because Harlem contained a vibrant black cultural community that established links with New York 's artistic mainstream (Foner 796). For the first time Broadway presented a black actor in a serious role and African Americans were also seen in shows like Dixie to Broadway and Blackbirds (Foner 797).
Paris respected the United States infantry groups that played all through Europe amid World War I. To frequent African Americans, successfully pushed by the Harlem Renaissance, France opend flexibility from the racial bias in the United States. Significant abilities and identities inclined toward Paris, for example, Josephine Baker and "Bricktop "for instance. Josephine Baker was a commonly recognized name. Individuals rushed to see this dark American vocalist with the nasal shrill voice beauty the stage to thundering praise.
In the beginning African American musicians all got together in New Orleans to create a new music. Jazz.Throughout the 1920s and 30’s, jazz music became an important part of American popular culture. The jazz sound that had originated in New Orleans became more diverse, and appealed to people from different classes. Between 1917 and 1923 racism, prejudice, and violence reappeared against the African American and Creole population in New Orleans.Because of this many musicians were forced to leave New Orleans and relocate during this time. This caused the spread of jazz throughout the United States.