MLK’s “I have a dream” speech promoted the idea of integration. He believed that the races were created equal and that blacks should be respected as American citizens. Malcolm X followed Muslim principles and believed that he would protest “by any means necessary.” He would do whatever needed in order to obtain freedom for African-Americans whether it be violence or nonviolent. Malcolm opposed integration and believed that blacks needed to fend for themselves in the fight against whites. His aim was for blacks to be completely separated from the other races so that they could develop their own homeland.
Martin Luther King Jr. once said, “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.” King’s words immaculately depict Booker T. Washington’s methods of ending discrimination in the Jim Crow south. While King’s words perfectly depict Washington’s philosophy, they directly rebut against WE.B Dubois’ methods of ending discrimination in the Jim Crow south. Even though both men agreed that African Americans deserved the fair treatment, they combatted viewpoints on how to resolve the issue. Booker T. Washington believess that African Americans should be proficient in manual labor before even considering the possibilities of political positions or equal rights, on the other hand, W.E.B
Dr. W.E.B Du Bois uses this essay to sway the audience of the insufficiency of the statements that Mr. Booker T. Washington has made about African Americans being submissive of rights and the creation of wealth. Mr. Washington believes that the black race should give up and give into what the society norms were at that time sequentially just to have a certain right. Dr. Du Bois refused to believe that the black race should give up one right to get another right. Especially, when the white South had all rights without expecting to give up anything to have those rights. Some of the examples that he uses are direct quotes from Mr. Washington.
Atticus Finch’s views on racism are bespoke in Part I, to foreshadow what will happen at the Tom Robinson case. Atticus says, “I’m simply defending a Negro—his name’s Tom Robinson” (Lee 75). Atticus believes that he should be able to defend any man, regardless of his color. Even though, almost all of the white citizens in Maycomb do not think it is right for a white man to defend a black man, Atticus does not conform with society’s beliefs of racism. Lee’s foreshadowing, helps for the upcoming event in Part II because now the reader knows how Atticus feels about racism and steps away from the towns
The American complication with race has multiple positions and outlooks. On the one hand, the white community feels in some way that that blacks focus to much on race and not enough energy on fixing relationships and employment status. At the same time the black community hold a belief that race is still of constitutional importance to American society. Just like Fredrick Douglass stated in the last meeting of the American Antislavery Society, slavery never died. “Had slavery’s death come of moral conviction instead of political and military necessity; had it come in obedience to the enlightenment of the American people; had it come at the call of the humanity…of the slaveholder, as well as the rest of our fellow citizens, slavery might be look upon as honestly dead”.
As a young country, the United States was a land of prejudice and discrimination. Wanting to grow their country, white Americans did what they had to in order to make sure that they were always on top, and that they were always the superior race. It did not matter who got hurt along the way because everything that they did was eventually justified by their thinking that all other races were inferior to them. A Different Mirror by Ronald Takaki describes the prejudice and discrimination against African Americans and Native Americans in the early history of the United States. We see how the leaders of this country, Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson, had prejudice thoughts about these two different ethnic groups, how prejudice was built into society and the
He preached for complete segregation, which Malcolm X coined and popularized the term separation, and in attempts to form a black society. Joining the Nation of Islam gave him the means to preach to African Americans who believed they did not have any other choices in fighting discrimination. Malcolm X was considered a radical due to his methods with the NOI, since violence was not out of the question. This contradicts Martin Luther 's view of multiracial, nonviolent approach. Malcolm X, at the beginning of his ministering, called for racial independence with criticisms of mainstream civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. who cooperated with the popular opinion of the time that was held by the majority of the population, that being white.
While there were exceptions of individuals fighting for more than equality by law for African Americans, such as John D. Baldwin who argued “a question concerning human rights” (Frederickson 379), there were racist ideals held that transcended political parties and regional affiliations alike. Radical democrats sought the most resistance with political leaders such as Representative James Brooks who preached in opposition to integration by claiming “the negro is not the equal of the white man, much less his master” (Frederickson 379). Arguments of black inferiority became based upon the false ethnology presented by Josiah Nott that physically and mentally ranked the black race below other races. Even radical republicans became contradictory in their views claiming African Americans were different due to their inability to conquer and dominate like white people had; insinuating that white domination could not be challenged. Although there was a period following the Reconstruction Acts of 1867 and 1868 in which former slaves were granted citizenship, their involvement in politics became rendered by the lack of education previously provided to slaves and inability of “withstanding the economic, political, and paramilitary opposition of the white majority” (Frederickson 382).
Malcom X on the other hand was overcome with hate. He wanted separation from the white man and he believe that the black nationalist should be the ones who take over and provide equality for themselves. X wanted equality just as King wanted equality, the difference between them was that X believe in more aggressive resistance compared to a peaceful nonviolent
King believed that everyone should work together, while Malcolm X still thought that Blacks and Whites should be segregated. Quoted in George Breitman, “The Last Years of Malcolm X: Evolution of a Revolutionary”, Malcolm X says “…(W)e have to learn how to how to own and operate the businesses of our community and develop them into some type of industry…” By this, he implied that African American communities should be separated from White communities. However, this leads to further separation rather than eliminating discrimination. King’s belief was that all men are equal and should not be judged based on the color of their skin; therefore, the separation of Black and White communities should not exist. King’s strategy was preferred in eradicating racism because with everyone being in the same community, everyone will be able to work together without prejudice
leadership. The Civil Rights Acts and Voting Rights Act formed a legal basis to end the segregation and discrimination that has been happening in the United States. Malcolm X influenced disparate wings of the black movement. King influenced the non-violence act to the younger African-American generation to show them that violence just causes more of a problem. The radical faction of the "Black Power" movement accepted his positions on African identification, neocolonialism, black control of the political economy of black communities, and Afro-American self-defense.
There are other abolitionist elements included in Walker’s appeal, especially in his stance against the popular colonizing plan that would have the entire African American population boarded onto ships and sent to Africa. Walker is vehemently against any such plan, no matter how the idea is pitched since “this country is as much ours as it is the whites, whether they will admit it now or not.” He immediately picks out one of the more obvious fallacies with the colonization plan to hone in on: that the people on that ship will not have been directly from Africa, rather they were born and raised in the United States. Walker is staking a claim and ownership in the country, something that as he mentions, is not a popular, or common, view. This
In 1895, Booker T. Washington mad an agreement known as the Atlanta Compromise. This was an agreement that stated that African Americans would be under white rule politically in order for them to recieve a more advanced education and due process in law. This meant that the African Americans needed to remain quiet in order for the whites to continue funding them. W.E.B Du Bois criticized Washington and did not agree with this compromise as he saw it as giving up to the white race. He believeed that Booker T. Washington was asking the African Americans to release their privillages.
Wiley College thought that Negroes should be allowed to go to a state university with the whites because it’s fair that non colored people get more opportunities. OCC thought that Negroes shouldn’t be allowed to go to a state college because they 're not meant to go there and they would be too unhappy to focus on school.Throughout the debate the debaters mixed logos with ethos and pathos. Having a good mixture of the three makes your arguments stronger. In the debate when the debaters combined two of the three there counterarguments were
Booth thought slaves should not get freedom , and freeing them would ruin the south forever. But Lincoln disagreed , because he thought it was morally wrong. Although he thought it was wrong , Lincoln didn’t believe that blacks should have the same equality as whites. Lincoln’s views of black political and social rights became clear when Senate Stephen Douglas , accused him for supporting “ Negro Equality”. He then went to say he only approved blacks the right to vote , the right to serve on juries , and to hold office and intermarry with whites.