‘’The responsible for much of the reconstruction were the architects of the Chicago School; some of the most prominent architects were L. Henry Sullivan and William LeBaron Jenney. These architects considered almost visionaries applied to architecture engineering principles and managed to raise the first skyscraper replacing the traditional wooden structures and brick by frames of cement. ’’ After the fire a larger Chicago emerged. Today, Chicago is a culturally diverse and dynamic city, and an international center for business and leisure due in part to the availability of the city through transportation.
A civilization’s architecture not only shows the artistic skills of its designers and builders but also the functionality of its engineers, the power of its government, and the inventiveness of its people. Architecture was a crucial element to the success of two major cites in Europe, Rome and Athens. Each city had structures consisting of formal architecture like temples and basilicas showing the influence that its leaders had over each city, while utilitarian buildings like bridges and aqueducts helped build communication between distant cities throughout each empire. Though architecture as a whole was an important role in unifying the cities, the architecture design within each illustrates the similarities and differences between two.
There are many fascinating mosaics on the Tower. Some materials used for the design and structure were iron, metal, pink and grey marble coquina stone, friezes, tiles, carved screens, arched entranceway, balconies, and sculpted finals. Some of the themes consist of philosophy, depiction in, the Bible, Nature and humanity. There was also Renaissance -style iron
In Katherine G. Bristol 's “The Pruitt-Igoe Myth”, Bristol attempts to debunk the myth that has been associated with the failure and demolition of a housing project from 1954 to 1976 in St. Louis called Pruitt-Igoe. After carefully presenting and supporting her reasons for why she believes the failure of this project was due to its design rather than structural aspect, I have come to understand and overall agree with Katherine Bristol 's claim that design of Pruitt-Igoe was the primary reason for the demolition and overall removal of the housing project. Bristol manages to successfully support her statement by offering political, social, economic, and design issues that played a crucial role in the downwards spiral of Pruitt-Igoe. Being part of a postwar re-development plan, the design for this housing project encountered social and economic issues right from the start. As Bristol mentions, initial plans for Pruitt-Igoe consisted of a high-rise, mid-rise, and walk-up structure, but due to its budget constraints, its design was constantly undergoing changes which eventually led to its identical eleven-story final proposal.
Inside, rather than providing the order and simplicity that the modernists worshipped, Venturi’s design chose to surprise people with its contradictions. The interior design played with concepts of scale, with an oversized fireplace, and an undersized stairway which leads to nowhere. While the Vanna Venturi house is widely considered to be the first postmodern building, Robert Venturi insists he wasn’t trying to create a new movement. Maybe it was just ‘art’ and that “sometimes, rules are meant to be broken.” (Robert Venturi, wttw.com).
"In 1418 the town fathers of Florence finally addressed a monumental problem they’d been ignoring for decades: the enormous hole in the roof of their cathedral. " This sets the stage for Brunelleschi to become a hero and master artisan. Brunelleschi had spent his life learning, as an apprentice goldsmith, he had learned and perfected techniques that were well ahead of the training he was given. He studied other areas of art as well, "Brunelleschi’s life seemed to have been one long apprenticeship for building the dome of unequaled beauty, usefulness, honor, and power that Florence yearned for." He, along with other actual architects applied to be the one to put a dome on the cathedral, and eventually one out.
The development of modern day architecture is very fascinating. Even though it has a very significant difference to architecture in the past, it still has many similarities. Many famous buildings we have today still show the same basic designs. For example, the Lincoln Memorial is very similar to the Parthenon.
Tectonics is defined as the science or art of construction, both in relation to use and artistic design. It refers not just to the activity of making the materially requisite construction that answers certain needs but rather to the activity that raises this construction as an art form. It is concerned with the modeling of material to bring the material into presence - from the physical into the meta-physical world (Maulden, 1986). Since tectonics is primarily concerned with the making of architecture in a modern world, its value is seen as being a partial strategy for an architecture rooted in time and place therefore beginning to bring poetry in construction. Tectonics, however, has the capacity to create depth-ness of context resulting in the implicit story being told by the tectonic expression.
However, were they just going to build the city back exactly how it was? No. They decided to make it multiple times bigger and better than the old 19 century chicago. This revolutionised the way we looked at cities, Big businesses, innovative buildings and the founding of a terrible baseball team. This was the start of a new era, Chicago was the first city to have all of their buildings made out of fireproof materials, and many cities followed shortly after them.
Light is reflected of the aluminum to the interior walls of the vaults and softly illuminated the gallery space in a soft glow. While the building catches the eye with elements like white travertine walls and heavy concrete vaults, there is no doubt that the natural light illuminating the gallery is the aspect most likely to be considered monumental. This light effect would not be possible without the attention to structure given by Kahn and, therefore, gives merit to Kahn’s claim that monumentality is achieved through
Fire destroys things down into ache, but after that is a process of rebuilding and starting of new things. This was happening to the neighborhood of Wicker Park in 1871 , when the fire destroyed old wooden mansions of rich German and Scandinavian residents. The new era had occurred, when the immigrant labors rebuilt the neighborhood with brick and stone to prevent such a tragedy again. Since then, that area has filled with beautiful architecture and packed with history. This area was recognize by the city of Chicago to be one of the historical area, and people call it the “Wicker Park Historic District.”
Epoka University Faculty of Architecture and Engineering Department of Architecture ARCH IV ARCH418 PhD. Ernest Shtepani Shasivar Rada ID:02021120 Delirious New York Retroactive Manifesto for Manhattan Rem Koolhaas Our role is not to retreat back to the catacombs, but to became more human in skyscraper Manhattan is the theatre for the terminal stage of western civilization... A mountain range of evidence without manifesto.
Name: Eman Alkhalifah University: University of Texas-Austin Course: Ph.D. Architecture Statement of Purpose Introduction: personal statement Throughout my studies, expanding my research skills in Architectural has, with time, grown to be my long-standing passion and obsession. The Architectural field, therefore, stands out as the perfect career path for me. Progressively, I have come to realize that modern life is founded on innovations in architecture, with constant developments in the discipline making our lives more expedient and lively.
The style of the building and the purpose it is built give a brief and thoughtful storybook about the culture of the architect as art, generally, and architecture, particularly, is a language itself. Thus, buildings narrate the stories of the people among the history and tell their traditions and habits to the next generation through its design, inscriptions, and details. In this essay, I will discuss how both the style and function of the Greek Parthenon and the Roman Pantheon served as typical examples of their cultures in Athens and ancient Rome. In addition to the similarities and differences between these two cultures through the two buildings. Both the Greek and the Roman architecture inspired the cultures and architects until these days due to the diverse meaning they carry and symbolize in astonishing ways through the different orders, columns, roofs, friezes, and domes.