Rupture involving the splenic vein, the gastrointestinal tract, or the pancreatic ducts. Part 2: Causes and Risk Factors What causes splenic artery aneurysm? Possible causes include atherosclerosis, portal hypertension due to liver cirrhosis, and pregnancy. Multiparity and pregnancy-associated hormonal effects as well as portal hypertension are believed to cause dilatation of the weak walls of the splenic artery. Other possible causes include congenital defects such as berry aneurysms and arterio-venous malformations.
INTRODUCTION Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) form a group of heterogeneous disorders that affect the kidneys, ureters and bladder. In this group are included common problems such as vesicoureteral reflux to severe life-threatening malformations as bilateral renal agenesis. (1-4) In young children, CAKUT are the main cause of end-stage kidney disease, leading to the need for kidney transplantation or dialysis, causing a major impact on growth, maturation, and disturbed cognitive development and leading to a poor life expectancy (5-6). The survival rate of this group is 30 times lower than that of healthy children (5). It may be also associated with kidney problems in adult life, such as hypertension and proteinuria.
Some examples of birth defects are autism, cleft lip, blindness, abnormal limbs, etc.. Those are just a few examples of birth defects, but what causes them? Birth defects can be caused by many things. Many forces exerted on the mother during the pregnancy cause birth defects because of genetic mutations and environmental factors. One factor that causes birth defects are genetic mutations.
There are first and secondary mitral valve prolapse syndrome. The causes of primary prolapse are hereditary or congenital diseases of the connective tissue of the heart. The reasons for secondary case of mitral valve prolapse are the same as for insufficiency: rheumatism or inflammation process of the heart. Sometimes it may be provoked by injuries of the
The wet AMD occurs when abnormal blood vessels behind the retina starts to grow underneath the macular. This condition is called choroidal neovascularization (CNV). These blood vessels tend to be very fragile and always leak blood and fluid into the retina, and subsequently causing permanent damage to light-sensitive retinal cells, which die off and create blind spots in central vision. Thus, people with wet AMD can loss their vision rapidly. Also, wet AMD causes distortion of vision that makes straight lines look wavy, as well as blind spots and loss of central
The diseases are caused by defects in any one of 13 genes termed by PEX genes. Those genes required for the natural synthesis and function of peroxisomes. Peroxisomes are required for normal brain development, function of formation of myelin, the whitish substance that coats nerve fibers. They are also helpful for normal eye, liver, kidney, and bone functions. Once a person with Zellweger syndrome has been born, peroxisomes is finish, damage kidneys, liver and white matter in the brain.
When the blockage is temporary or partial, angina (chest pain or pressure) may occur. When the blockage completely and suddenly cuts off the flow of blood, the result is myocardial infarction. Congenital defects and spasms of a coronary artery may also block blood flow. There is evidence that infection from organisms such as chlamydia bacteria may be responsible for some cases of coronary artery disease. A number of major contributing factors increase
One of the complications of mononucleosis is a ruptured spleen. A ruptured spleen will cause sharp sudden pain in the left side. It is important to seek medical attention immediately because there is a chance that the person will need surgery. Other complications are hepatitis, jaundice, and more rarely anemia, heart issues, swollen tonsils blocking breathing and nervous system complications. Mononucleosis can be a life threatening illness for individuals with impaired immune
People who have Graves' disease can end up suffering from pregnancy issues, heart disorders, and brittle bones. According to the Mayo Clinic, some pregnancy issues that people with Graves' disease can suffer from are miscarriage, preterm birth, fetal thyroid dysfunction, poor fetal growth, maternal heart failure, and preeclampsia. When you have hyperthyroidism but you want a child you have to put all of these factors in to place. Thinking of all the disorders your baby could possibly have because of your disease is terrifying. The heart disorders people can suffer from are heart rhythm disorders, changes in the structure and function of the heart muscles, and congestive heart failure, which is the inability of the heart to pump enough blood to the body.
A wound is a disorder in the normal anatomical structure and function of living tissue which may be caused by physical, chemical, microbiological or immunological injury. Globally wounds also represent a significant burden on the patients and health care professionals or givers. Wound infection is also significant in that they are the most common nosocomial infection (Orrett, 2002) . Infection of the wound is the successful invasion, and proliferation by one or more organisms anywhere within the body’s sterile tissues and sometimes accompanied with pus formation (Calvin, 1998).Wound infection may result to prolong hospital stay, delay wound healing, increases cost of health care and morbidity in surgical patients (Orrett, 2002).. Wound infection with multiple organisms may even result to multiple organ failure or death of the patient when it becomes chronic.
Treacher Collins syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the development of craniofacial. It results abnormalities in face and head due to hypoplasia of facial structures such as the lower jaw (mandible), cheekbones and abnormal small chin micrognathia. In addition, some patients with this syndrome are also born with an abnormal opening in the roof of the mouth (cleft palate), but in severe cases, hypoplasia of the facial bones may restrict the infant’s airway of breathing causing life-threatening respiratory
When this gene has been mutated, it is unable to perform effectively, leaving exocrine based organs unprotected. (Human Genome Cystic Fibrosis) The symptoms of cystic fibrosis can vary from case to case, but the most common symptoms include male infertility, persistent coughing, salty-tasting skin, frequent lung infections such as penuomonia and bronchitis, shortness of breath, wheezing, weight-loss, and difficult bowel movements. Often times the acronym, CF, to represent cystic fibrosis. People with cystic fibrosis make it a very big priority to have minimal contact with