There are many similar and different ideas between General Colin Powell 's speech Kids Need Structure and Maria Montessori’s Dr. Montessori’s Handbook. Their opinions are on opposite spectrums. Powell believes that applying structure is the key to nurturing children, while Maria Montessori thinks that the best way to treat a child is with respect and allowing many freedoms. There is great disparity between Colin Powell and Maria Montessori’s views about the actions a teacher should take in order to sufficiently educate a child. Powell believes teachers should be strict and obeyed without question.
For this assessment I am required to undertake an essay on two educational theorists that if have studied in this case the two educational theorists are Maria Montessori and Frederick Froebel. This will involve an in-depth evaluation and comparison of the two theorists under the following headings their philosophies, their contribution to early childhood education in terms of their approach and implementation and my personal thoughts on their approaches to helping the development of young children but also in educating young children. Philosophies Maria Montessori approach had respect for children as individuals. She monitored the children’s reaction through their primary senses, such as self confidence and independence and their natural curiosity to learn. She observed in young children the situation she called absorbent mind.
Children need us as adult to guide them and provide them their knowledge from the environment through learning and practice from time to time; they need to be mold and shapes by us through our observation. On the other hand, Rousseau believed that children are born with their natural instincts and minimize the obstacles of civilization and let them explore life, learn by themselves and face obstacles by knowing what is wrong and what is right. Children learn
Therefore, children should be given the opportunity to learn to appreciate the natural senses and feelings that are available to them even if they had been able to think rationally. Natural education can produce people who can adapt to the environment, has a good temperament and love. Locke believes the ultimate goal of education is a human child who can serve in the community and contribute to the development of the country in the future. Therefore, to give birth to children who are able to serve in the community and bring prosperity and dignity to the country in the future, they must have a certain character, a noble, farsighted and have a deep knowledge of politics. So, parents play an important role to educate their children in order to include the features that are required to be a useful, virtuous and capable to reap their obligations to the family, nation and
After completing high school, Piaget studied natural sciences and obtained a Ph.D. at the University at Neuchâtel. Subsequently, he spent a semester at the University of Zurich studying a branch of psychology called psychoanalysis before graduating and moving to Paris, France. It was after teaching in Paris that Piaget began to recognize consistencies in the mental development of children by noticing that children of a certain age would get a series of answers wrong, while children
Love and Logic recognizes the human psychological need for autonomy and free-will. The key process of shared control is giving children opportunities to make decisions for themselves as long as their safety or the safety of others is not at risk. When following the Love and Logic approach, children should be given only two choices at a time. For example, the teacher may tell a student: “You can either choose to work in the reading area or the math area.”
In Kohlberg’s theory of Moral Judgment unlike that of Piaget, Freud and Erickson there is no age stipulation. Individuals however must matriculate all the stages of Moral Judgment in an ascending order or sequence; he went further to state that not everyone will acquire Post Conventional stage. Pre- conventional Morality: at this level authority is outside of the individual and reasoning is based on the physical consequences of actions. The first stage is called obedience and punishment orientation.
She wanted education to become a national concern. Children should be encouraged to expand their faculties and think for themselves, and this can be done by putting children together and by educating them on the same subjects. Wollstonecraft believes that private education is very confined and limited to the child’s mental development. When the youth are educated alone they never acquire that frankness and ingenuity of thought that come from speaking their minds. A child should develop his own mentality by discovering things on his own.
Female education during this time was a private family and church matter. With this school system in place, females still attended private Catholic schools, while males attended public schools. All these factors played a role in the life and legacy of Dr. Maria Montessori. Dr. Maria Montessori was born in Chiaravalle, located in a province of Ancona, Italy on August 31, 1870. Dr. Maria Montessori was born in a town which had a mixture of new and old customs and values.
My challenge is to move them away from traditional thinking. The Progressivist approach allows me to plan my lessons to develop curiosity in children. Their homework does not involve worksheets but it is hands-on projects based rather than memorization. I aim to serve as a facilitator
Frobel believed that children should wear comfortable cloths as it will allow the child to move around feely. Frobel recognised that parents are the child’s first educator so it is important that parents talked to the [practitioners. This is because the practitioners should be like ‘mothers’ to the young children. Frobel theory links into my key issues because he believes that learning should be encouraged through first hand experiences. This links into my key issues about structured and unstructured play as Frobel believes that children’s paly shouldn’t be structured.
Schedule some time where you can come with your toddler, allowing you to interact with them, the other kids, and the teachers. Not only does this get you more familiar with the routines they will be doing on a daily basis, but it helps your toddler get through the new experience with a familiar face. When they return for a drop off day on their own, it won’t be so scary to them anymore. Talk About The Daycare
This is known as ‘free flow’ during this time there is always an adult – led activity where the class teacher has a small group and works together with them. An adult – led activity is a planned activity that is led by a teacher, however it always has child participation. For example making mother’s day cards, the teacher will have an example and offer guidance but it will be the child who completes the card. You should never expect the children’s work to look the same or be perfect. It just has to be unique to each child.
(1). The Montessori Method focuses on teachers being the guide in the classroom. Children decide how they want to work and play and with who. (2). Reggio Emilia approach, the teachers create their curriculum, after observation of the children.
What is the guidance philosophy in this classroom? Give three examples to support your decision about the guidance policy. I think the positive guidance techniques followed by the teacher had a great influence in keeping the children happy. The teacher focused on helping children learn what they should do, rather than emphasizing what they did wrong. Children who were running were instructed to walk slowly instead of being told not to run.