Rationale The reason I picked Steiner and Montessori is because I feel they are two very strong theorists and I personally find these two the most interesting. I will be interesting to find out more about them both and how they compare About the theorists Maria Montessori (1870-1952) was a person in the field of early childhood education and care. In the beginning, Maria Montessori trained to be a doctor and was the first women to graduate from the University of Rome Medical School. She went on to help with poor children in Rome, many of these children would be mentally handicapped. Herself and another doctor Eduard Seguin developed certain tasks which encouraged the children to develop.
“Never help a child with a task at which he feels he can succeed.” -Maria Montessori There is profound truth in this statement. Adults in their enthusiasm to give the best to their children, rob them of their natural desire to be independent. Dr. Maria Montessori believed the teacher should be there to direct, guide and help children to learn with the attitude of love and acceptance. Montessori education extends from birth to 6 years and the curriculum and teaching methods are designed keeping in mind the development that occurs during this stage. It is based on the following concepts introduced by Maria Montessori: Absorbent mind: Children absorb stimuli from the environment.
The child will search for the answer and try to overcome the obstacle. Once the child has overcome the obstacle, he shall grow and become proud of himself. He will become more mature and begin to understand the world around him. Next, Montessori wants the adults to “ ...wait, and always ready to share in both joy and the difficulties which the child experiences”. The teacher should be proud when the child overcomes the obstacles in front of him.
Kacy Gibson Professor Terry Composition 1 03/12/2018 Paper on Learning Styles and Learning Theory Montessori method of education is practiced worldwide and is associated mostly with playful learning. Starting at the beginning of the previous century, it was actively practiced as a method which proved to be both unconventional and effective. Montessori approach to education is known for a number of specific characteristics and principles which are a basis of all activities, including a child-centered way of studying with a strong emphasis on individual learning skills and pace, as well as psychological features. It is also known for its use of materials and striving for making pupils independent and prepared for future life and communication. Montessori method has proved to be effective among children of different ages even despite its disadvantages.
Later Maria stated that it must unite all these sciences in order to help children with mental retardation in their integration at school. Thus she applied the Montessori system in children who she noticed that they could not keep pace with the rest students due to the educational system that existed then in Italy. Later on she organized early childhood education centers, "child 's home". There the children
In her handbook, Montessori explains that a teacher “should never be the obstacle between the child and his experience.” This shows that she wants children to live their lives freely and without hindrance to their successes. Montessori believes that children should solve problems for themselves, not have a teacher intrude upon their thought process. She wants children to be able to rely on their teacher to help them when necessary and allow them to learn and think for themselves, which would let them to expand their understanding of the world and lead a successful life in the future. Also, Montessori explains that “we try to force them to follow us without regard to their special needs.” As a result, children can feel inferior or lesser when compared to their teachers or adults. Montessori brings light to this in hopes to accommodate all children and their possible needs.
This is because Montessori teaches children to explore independently and work on activities which interest them and guidance is given only to a certain extent when help is needed. I feel that this would actually bring out the inquisitive nature in them for they would be intrigued by the activities which they choose to discover more about. Also, without giving the children any test or examination, there would be significantly less competitiveness in the class. I believe that all these would in turn allow the children to develop a love for learning, which is very important in
Montessori believes that childhood is a state that needs to be protected and children should be allowed to develop a specially prepared environment . (Montessori 1975:Pg13)( Bruce 2004) Steiner says the first seven years of a child 's life should be spent becoming well-grounded and familiar with the world. This should be done in a fun playful manner. Children should be allowed to use their imagination during
provides Montessori education form the age of 2 ½ years in appropriate child centred prepared environments. Montessori (pronounced MON-tuh-SORE-ee) is a complete educational approach from birth to adulthood based on the observation of children 's needs in a variety of cultures all around the world. It is a child centered specially prepared classroom(environment). Here the teacher (trained adult or the directress/director) establishes a contact between the child and the scientifically specially developed materials rather than teach them. The classrooms are all mixed age group, one of the main principles of the Montessori method.
In my essay I shall be discussing two educational theorist’s that involve an in-depth study and comparison of the two educational theorists. The two educational theorists I have studied in order to complete this essay is a German educational theorist called Frederick Froebel and an Italian educational theorists called Maria Montessori. I shall be discussing these two educational theorists in the context of their philosophy, their contribution to early childhood education in terms of their approach and their contribution to early childhood education in terms of their implementation. The Frederick Froebel backstory is that he was born in seventeenth eighty-two in a small town called Oberwerssbach in Thuringian nowadays known as Germany. His mother