Luther King says in "9 Interesting Facts and Statistics about Littering", 1.9 billion tons of litter end up in the ocean. The ocean is another ecosystem made up of many diverse animals and plants. In “ 5 Ways Pollution Is Killing Animals”, Abigail Geer tells us that there are many things that can pollute the water ranging from noise, chemical and acid runoff, waste water and oils. All of these types of pollutions are affecting the marine life drastically. Abigail tells us that noise pollution is hurting animals that use sonar to get around are becoming closer to extinction.
The ocean is nowadays undergoing numerous environmental issues that further lead to marine pollution. Marine pollution is a very serious environmental issue that most of the countries of the world encounter. Aquatic littering is considered as one of the major causes of marine environment. The misleading use of the marine environment is extremely impacting the marine life and ecosystems. Moreover, the total amount of toxins and debris discharged by human beings is incredibly increasing in today 's world.
Almost 30% of the South African population lives on the coastline (Taljaard et al. 2006), which has led to the urbanization of the coastlines and which then led to the industrialization of these areas. This industrialization has led to high pollution levels. The pollution that is being emitted daily from the coast lines around South Africa can and is causing damage to the marine ecosystem, such as crippling the fish populations and coral bleaching. It is also ruining the amazing marine biodiversity that South Africa has.
Agriculture immensely adds to the nutrient and chemical pollution due to the fertilizers used on crops. When rains or winds come through the fertilizer is carried from the fields into the rivers and streams that then lead into the ocean(Effect of Runoff). Red tide had been a huge issue that is unpreventable and caused by dinoflagellates (Red Tide). Red Tide is a type of algal bloom that takes up oxygen in the water. When the oxygen levels in the ocean are lowered it can kill many plants which is very unfortunate for the manatees considering they are herbivores and with their food supply being depleted they may suffer from starvation.
Oceans are being polluted by substances such as farm fertilizers, chemicals produced in factories, and harmful sewage from towns and cities (Claybourne 38). Trash and debris, especially plastics, are deposited into the oceans by humans. These objects can be mistaken as food by many species, which eventually leads to death. When species consume what looks like to be food, but in reality is hazardous waste, the animal contains that chemical inside of them. When a larger animal consumes the hazardous animal, it affects the entire food chain (“What Is Ocean”).
The Exxon Valdez oil spill was a costly event that affected not only the people and company involved but also the environment. It costed the company billions of dollars in damages. The once serene Prince William Sound is changed forever. The disastrous event of the Exxon Valdez oil spill happened on March 24, 1989. The Exxon Valdez was traveling through the Prince William Sound, located on the northernmost part of the Gulf of Alaska that borders the Chugach National Forest, when it struck the Bligh Reef (Liszka 1-30).
Oh my gosh why are they dumping trash in Lake Erie! Did you know that in the 1960’s Lake Erie had an algae problem like it does now. “By the 1960s, Lake Erie had become extremely polluted” (Michael Rotman). In the 1960’s Lake Erie was heavily polluted by industrial pollution from Cleveland and other cities with large or small industries. In fact the industries would dump their garbage right into Lake Erie itself or Lake Erie 's tributaries.
Introduction Thesis: The BP Oil spill was one of the greatest disasters that is believed to have had a catastrophic impact on the environment with marine life being the most distressed by the spill. Body Paragraph 1: The BP oil spill immensely caused huge contamination to the beach, one of the destructive impacts that it had on the environment. Supporting Evidence: The beaches in the region where the BP Oil spill occurred were ascertained to have been heavily contaminated, an aspect that saw a plunge in certain organisms that are a central part of marine life food chain (Benoit, 2011). Explanation: The decline in the species of various organisms was not equal after the BP oil spill. Certain forms of marine life registered an increase
The carbon dioxide in the air rises due to fossil fuel emissions; therefore, more of the gas goes into the ocean’s water. That makes the coral’s habitat more acidic, which can make it harder for reef-building creatures to build up the hard skeletons. And if that isn 't bad enough, the runoff chemicals from farms and lawns are adding to the problem by changing the water’s natural composition. A oil spill in 2010, caused by a Chinese coal-carrying ship, went through the coral reef, leaving almost 2 miles of oil to mix with the ocean water (Zimmerman). As more and more water is becoming contaminated with pesticides and chemicals, it is becoming even harder to stop the corals from dying.
Bacteria and metals spread through the floodwaters, and the storm destroyed acres of forestry while leaving the Gulf Coast highly polluted with crude oil. According to Gale, “An estimated 6.5 million gallons of crude oil, as well as fuel from cars, boats, gas stations, and households, was spilled… Floodwaters also tested positive for E. Coli bacteria and heavy metals… The coastal marshes, which act as a natural barrier and protect the coastline from tidal surge, were also destroyed” (Gale). The oil spill, which was considered to be one of the worst oil spills in the country’s history, significantly destroyed the biodiversity of the Gulf Coast: beaches, marine animals, and marshlands that protected the coast from storm surges as a natural barrier. The spill of tons of industrial waste and raw sewage in the floodwaters contributed to the existence of E. coli and heavy metals, which had heavy impact on the heath conditions of the residents of the area. The storm also damaged about 1.3 million acres (5,300 km²) of forestland, 14.6 million cords (52,900,000 m³) of paperwood, and 3.2 billion board feet (7,600,000 m³) of sawtimber in Mississippi.