Tide Modelling Rationale: ¬¬¬¬¬¬¬ I have decided to centre this mathematical exploration on the features of the ocean. Initially I looked deeper at the stimuli provided by my schoolteacher. While being interested in many different topics for the explorations, this topic stood out to me, as I had never before thought about the mathematical significance of the height of waves. Would it be possible to predict the height of waves a day before? I did some research and investigation in the significance of lunar phases and the height of the waves however I was unable to find anything
The wind speed is measured through statistical data, and even though these data are accurate they do not have any obvious connection. Like for example, measuring daytime wind in some location can be different of that in another location. The wind can be strong at night in one location but weak at another. Weibull distribution Weibull
Beach Morphodynamic Classification A classification according to Wright and Short (1984) was applied to categorize the morphodynamic state of the studied beaches. It describes the varying conditions by evaluating the relationships between beach slope, wave forcing, and sediment characteristics. In this study, the morphodynamic indices were considered to test the applicability of the parameter inputs, including surf scaling (ξ) and dimensionless fall velocity (Ω) in order to distinguish different level of beach morphodynamic states (Carter, 1988; Short, 1999). The parameters of swash slope and median grain sizes were calculated and computed using GRADISTAT software. Data on median grain size (D50) and swash slope (β) were then referred to
The equations are solved using splitting method. Agarwal et al (2005) used the Tidal Ocean Atmosphere Surge and Tsunami simulation (TOAST) model for the 2004 Sumatra tsunami using elastic plate movement model for initial tsunami generation. The results are compared with Jason altimeter data. Babeyko and Sobolev (2005) developed a non-linear shallow water model with coriolis and bottom friction parameter in the model. The authors carried out the simulation with explicit finite difference model and reported that degrade in the nearshore region and so an effective fine tuning of the model is necessary.
Along section '2', the directions of lift vector and the wind vector are nearly opposite, indicating a loss of total energy due to the winds. However, this loss is smaller in amount than that gained at altitude because of the wind gradient. If there is balance between the integrated energy gained from the wind along the trajectory and the energy lost due to drag, then a neutral energy cycle is possible and without expending energy for propulsion the bird or aircraft can fly
Mass spectrometry (MS) is an expository strategy that ionizes concoction species and sorts the particles in view of their mass-to-charge proportion. In less difficult terms, a mass range measures the majority inside a specimen. Mass spectrometry is utilized as a part of a wide range of fields and is connected to unadulterated examples and also complex blends. A mass range is a plot of the particle motion as a component of the mass-to-charge proportion. These spectra are utilized to decide the essential or isotopic mark of an example, the majority of particles and of atoms, and to clarify the concoction structures of particles, for example, peptides and other synthetic mixes.
The attributes are essentially derivatives of the basic seismic measurement viz-a-viz time, amplitude frequency and alternation (Ayolabi and Adigun, 2013). The seismic attributes can be used qualitatively to describe the spatial heterogeneity or the geometrics of the reservoirs or quantitatively to describe the reservoir numerically. Chopra and Marfurt (2005) opined the seismic attributes reveals features, patterns and relationships in the seismic data that are other wised masked. According to Chopra and Marfurt (2005), over 50 seismic attributes have been calculated from the seismic data for the study of geologic structure, stratigraphy, rock, pore and fluid properties. Most attributes are usually post-stack.
They show changes in the surface wind system with speeds slowing down and most of the wind not flowing inland, while some components flow outwards from the continent back to the coast. This change in wind system has effects on the other elements being discussed. The mean sea level pressure charts show a decay of the low pressure center that was initially over West Africa and a shift of the center to the east Africa. This shift is in line with the observations in the wind system, indicating a change in the rainfall regime. Lebel et al (2003) and Thorncroft et al (2011) observed an abrupt change in the weather system at this point, which they said signals the withdrawal of the WAM (see fig.)
An ocean current is any more or less permanent or continuous, directed movement of ocean water that flows in a particular ocean. Characteristics of ocean currents: The streams are produced from the powers following up on the water like the world's revolution, the breeze, the temperature and saltiness contrasts and the attractive energy of the moon. The profundity shapes, the shoreline and different streams impact the present's bearing and quality. Sea streams can stream for a large number of kilometers. They are critical in deciding the atmospheres of the landmasses, particularly those districts verging on the sea.