Now the KKH has been upgraded and expanded to accommodate the increasing volume of trade between China and Pakistan. Recently Chinese President Xi Jinping visited Pakistan and announced construction of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). This corridor is part of the new silk route that will connect the western part of China with the markets of the Middle East. The expansion of an artery of the ancient Silk Route in Gilgit-Baltistan into a major economic corridor will not only help renew the old route, but also transform it into the major route between Inner and South Asia – and beyond. The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor has been welcomed by policy and decision-makers as a ‘game changer’ for Pakistan’s economy and for a major geo-strategic shift in the region.
3 ANZ APPROACH TO INTERNATIONAL TRADE ANZ will leverage on the opportunities provided by The Asian Century, (ANZ Banking Corporation, 2012). The bank will need to respond to the competitive pressures of, and not only restricted to, the other banking pillars of Australia to enter and be successful in this market, but other global banks wishing to take competitive advantage of Asia’s growth opportunity, this report has a particular emphasis on its strategic planning for continued growth in its PRC operation. Integration socially, economically and politically within the region will be of paramount importance. ANZ realise the importance of local influence within PRC, however they need to expand and embrace this area in more detail. It is ANZs aim to be a “Super Regional Bank” in the Asia Pacific region which allows for cross boarder seamless financial services and solutions to their client base.
(From Sept 2007 to May 2011) Leading the company’s operations in Asia, I’ve set-up the company’s business in Asia, acting as Managing Director for the region and Legal Representative for Beijing and Singapore offices. Having full responsibility for the Structure, P&L and Business Development in Asia, with special focus in China. Have developed marketing strategies and executed BTL (below the line) marketing projects and sales activities for our customers, including PC-Mall development, Incentive Programs, Retail Sales Management, Outlet Coverage, Forecast, Channel Development, among others. In addition, I’ve developed several platforms for Market Research and Business Intelligence, managed field teams in India, Indonesia and Taiwan; also reached more than 15 countries in Asia with different projects through extended teams. Working closely with VP and Director’s level management, have developed experience running complex projects, with both local and regional report lines (Singapore and USA).
At the third meeting of the China/Hong Kong Conference on the Co-ordination of Major Infrastructure Projects (the Conference) held on 20 September 2002, it was agreed that a joint study should be conducted on the transport connection between Hong Kong and Pearl River West. An important study was completed by the National Development and Reform Commission and the Hong Kong Government on the transport connection between Hong Kong and the western bank of the Pearl River Delta. The study points out that a bridge connecting Hong Kong, Zhuhai and Macau will provide important macro socio-economic benefits for the Greater Pearl River Delta Region including Hong Kong. The study has considered three alignments
In the same year, the Vietnamese government to appoint the Chairman of the Paracel Islands to declare the sovereignty. Moreover, the President of the Philippine signed the “Territorial Sea Baselines Bill”, part of the China's Spratly Islands and Scarborough Shoal were included to the Philippines territory. In April 2012, the Philippines arrested Chinese fishermen near Scarborough Shoal, and these happening caused a tension relation on the sovereignty of South China Sea between China and Philippine. On the other hand, China and Japan have heated sea border conflict especially of The Diaoyu Islands. Sino-Japanese conflict is particularly tension because those islands are the strategic position of those regions and they are potential sources of natural resources, also
China introduced the concept “peaceful rise” to serve as a theoretical framework within which to look at its rise within the international system by advocating and advancing the principles of multilateralism, economic diplomacy and good neighbourliness. The concept came about as a result of the “China Threat Theory” which was embedded in the logic of traditional realist Western IR theories and arguing that China could not conceivably rise peacefully, as China’s immense latent power and rapid economic growth, it will eventually translate into military power which coupled with global influence, will make China emerge as an inevitable preeminent peer competitor of the United States, threatening both its national interests and hegemonic status within the international system.
China built a new concept of "Green Ocean Strategy" that has been adapted through the periods of Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao and now Xi Jinping to suit China's international and domestic situation in each period. China's defense white paper in 2010 reads: "The development of national interests has set new requirements higher for capacity building at sea. Sticking to the battlefield, finding the way to victory, quickly transforming the combat capability model, carrying out training from near sea to remote sea, became the central task of naval units." In particular, building a maritime power is a completely new sea strategy in Chinese history.
China-Laos Economic Corridor Opens New Opportunities for Thai Goods China has made gigantic investment in railway connectivity to the Lao People's Democratic Republic, the Kingdom of Thailand and ASEAN in order to welcome the large economic expansion of the southern part of its country. The investment is part of the international connection between Kunming in Yunnan district and Singapore. The idea has become solid after Eurasian countries signed Trans-Asian Railway Network Agreement, and one of the project is to build railroads from Kunming to Singapore. The project also posses as a crucial chance for Thailand to attach itself to a Chinese supply chain, and push the country as a centre of ASEAN. The Kunming-Singapore route is a project China aims to bridge itself to Southeast Asia, in order to supply goods and resources to the Southern territory.
Along with Nepal needs to comprehend the strategic rivalry between India and China in larger geopolitical game– Taking into the confidence from north and south by acknowledging their strategic rivalry, is the foremost challenge for possible trilateral cooperation. But, it is equally important Nepal not to undermine its strength offering them to enhance their economic cooperation. The transit treaty signed with China by then Prime Minister KP Oli and Nepal’s willingness and support for active participation in Chain’s Belt and Road initiative– can be observed as the foundation of trilateral cooperation. In effect, China had already built the rail network from Lasha to Sighatse and expected the completion of link from Sighatse to Kerung, nearest Chinese city from Nepal, by 2020. In 2005 Nepal’s Department of Road identified the eight possible routes of north-south roads via Nepal– among them the 265km road from Raxual-Trishuli-Rasuwa is the shortest
THE GEO-STRATEGIC AND GEO-ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF INDIAN OCEAN IN THE 21ST CENTURY WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON MAJOR MARITIME USERS “ Let us not shrink from pitting a broad self – interest against the narrow self-interest to which some would restrict us …… Let us start with the fundamental truth, warranted by history, that the control of seas and especially along the great lines drawn by national interest or national commerce is the chief among the merely material elements in the power and prosperity of nations. It is so because the sea is the world’s great medium of circulation…… ” Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan. INTRODUCTION 1. Indian Ocean is the 3rd largest ocean in the world to the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean. It is bounded: from