Maritime Silk Road Case Study

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Since China’s opening to the world in 1978, the world has changed China and now China is beginning to change the world

INTRODUCTION

1. The oceans provide the most important platform for both peacetime and wartime activities, for the entire spectrum, ranging from peaceful trade to bloody war. Also, “the maritime strategies of the Asian powers are designed primarily to defend their homelands and associated vital national security interests on the oceans and seas”.

2. Two major prophecies regarding the region seem to be ringing true viz Mahan, wherein he had prophesised that the future of the world in the 21st Century would be decided on the waters of the Indian Ocean and Deng Xiaoping, wherein he prophesised that 21st century would be Asia’s
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Emergence. The concept of ‘Maritime Silk Road’ (MSR) was proposed by China’s President Xi Jinping during his Indonesia visit in October 2013. Since the MSR idea was first announced, China has approached all countries strategically located along the key shipping lane from Southeast Asia to Europe across the northern Indian Ocean to seek their partnership to further the aims of MSR concept. The map and details of the MSR were first brought out in April 2013. It essentially involves China helping its MSR partners to develop their port infrastructure, establish production zones and free-trade areas, and enhance coordination to facilitate trade. A major portion of the MSR transits through the Indian Ocean and its strategic choke points.

Fig 4__ - : Routeing of One Belt One Road (Xinhua) inititative

14. Chronology of Events. Major events in the development of China's "Belt and Road" Initiative so far, are placed at Appendix A.

CHAPTER III

STATED AND DERIVED PURPOSE

In the 21st century, a new era marked by theme of peace, development, cooperation and mutual benefit, it is all the more important for us to carry on the Silk Road Spirit in face of weak recovery of global economy and complex international and regional

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