Now, after Rome had nearly destroyed itself in civil war, Emperor Vespasian claimed control and started a program to restore Rome to its former glory, and establish his rule as emperor. This program included an enormous amphitheater that we know as
In the reign of Attila, the Huns became the terror of the world, and invaded the East and West, and urged the rapid downfall of the Roman empire.xix Recognizing the great wealth of the Eastern Empire, Attila the Hun directed most his attention in that direction, devastating the Balkans up to the very walls of Constantinople in 447 AD.xx The Eastern court then bought off Attila the Hun with a payment of tribute and with the promise of annual subsidies.xxi When the payments stopped, Attila reacted to this by invading the territory of Gaul. The threat from the Huns was finally stopped at the Battle of Chalons, by the Roman commander Aelius, this was an important win for the Romans. After being forced to withdraw from Gaul in 451 AD, Attila was and then proceeded to invade Italy in 452 AD. xxii “ Rather than an army, Rome dispatched Pope Leo I and two senators to attempt to negotiate with Attila.
Shakespeare used one element of the traditional tragic hero in which a person of noble birth is the tragic hero. Brutus fits this example of a tragic hero because Marcus Brutus’s ancestor Junius Brutus fought the Tarquin Kings, who were ruthless dictators and tyrants and kicked them off the throne and took away control of Rome from them long before the time Caesar. Junius then established the Roman government that was present in the time of Caesar. The government he founded made all Romans proud especially Marcus Brutus. “O, you and I have heard our fathers say, there was a Brutus once that would have brooked Th’ eternal devil to keep his state in Rome as easily as a king” (I.ii.158-161).
The Sons of Liberty club sprang up to oppose the tax, so they burned the stamps and drove out all the stamp collectors. The Boston Sons of Liberty, headed by Sam Adams, was one of the most uncontrollable patriots in the country. Townshend Acts: •Named after the Chancellor Charles Townshend became the birth of six new laws. The motivation for these acts was to use the money to pay the salaries of governors and judges so that they would stay loyal to Great Britain. Mainly so that the governors and judges would punish the province of New York for failing to obey the Quartering Act.
Caligula died without an heir but his uncle, Claudius, had bribed the Praetorian Guard to support him in his ambition to be proclaimed as princeps. The Praetorian Guard had a lot to lose if they did not support him, so he was confirmed as princeps, high priest, and emperor days after the death of Caligula. Unfortunately for Rome and Claudius’ enemies, he was as vicious as his the past emperors and he executed many of Rome’s senators and elite. The Roman troops were also successful in putting down the rebellion in Britain during Claudius’ reign. Claudius had his wife, Messalina, executed after the discovery of her affair with another man and her part in a plot against him.
The second Red Scare was a time period where government officials were questioned whether they had Communist affiliations. To eradicate the security threats in the government, President Truman issued Executive Order 9835 to search out “infiltration of disloyal persons.” This action caused the investigation of people like Alger Hiss and other suspected Communists. The government along with the citizens set up effective ways, Blacklists, to bar Communists from getting hired for work. In 1950, Red Channels, a book that exposed 151 writers, actors, musicians, and other radio and television entertainers as Communists, was published.
Caesar’s death divided the Roman Republic. Some citizens, like Brutus and Cassius, believed that Caesar had to die if the Roman Republic was to remain. Other citizens, like Mark Antony, believed that Caesar had been murdered before he had accomplished his greatest contributions to society. This difference in opinion, first expressed during the funeral orations for Caesar, spread throughout Roman society, leading to civil wars and the eventual fall of the Republic. Hundreds of years later, Shakespeare dramatized the events around Caesar’s death.
He’s ambition rise up and with his wife Lady Macbeth’s ideas, he changed from a loyal courtiers to a regicide. Having murdered king Duncan, he usurped the throne. As king he began his tyranny, killing his friends, courtiers and their families, which ultimately caused his own doom. All the great king in the history they all have big ambition. but Macbeth’s didn’t get the things his ambition want, so his ambition drive him to the evil side.
They killed 2 bodyguards and threated to kill the Queen, because of that on Oct 6 the King, Queen and their eldest son went back to Paris, surrounded by 60,000 people. It seems as if the hatred towards the monarchs made the citizens each other’s allies. The people belonging to the Third Estate only wanted their leaders to help improve their living conditions. The abuse of power by the higher authority angered millions. The people wanted a republic because of lacking leaders.
“Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely” said historian Lord Acton. In Sophocles’ Antigone, Oedipus the King of Thebes newly departs after disgracing his people, and his successors to the throne, Polynices and Eteocles die in battle, thus leaving his brother Creon to inherit his throne. From the beginning, Creon uses his newfound power to impose excessive punishments against not only the people of Thebes, but also his family. As a result, the Thebans recognize his abuse of power, and express their fears through not only the chorus, but also his son. To finalize his play, Sophocles exposes how Creon uses his power to manipulate the hierarchy in Greek society; consequently offending the gods.
Outnumbered and fearful of being overrun, Hernan Cortes captured and imprisoned Montezuma in 1520. Cuitlahuac to took over as Emperor retaliated. He led an offensive that drove the Spaniards out Tenochtitlan, Montezuma was killed during the revolt. Deadly small pox brought aboard by the Spanish, severely degraded the Aztec population killing thousands including Cuitlahuac.
Civil disorder came of these political rivalries and violence was often a result of the formation of the supporting partisan groups. The divided loyalties caused by the corrupt politicians greatly influenced the fall of the Roman Republic. “So, as the Roman elite did, what it was bred to do, as they competed ruthlessly with one another for the highest positions and honours, they unwittingly tore apart the very structure they were sworn to protect” (The Late Republic). This quote refers to how the politicians of Rome “tore apart” the Republic that they were elected to protect through their own personal greed and corruption. Rome, however, was not the only period in history that suffered greatly due to political
Foreign Invaders caused quite a ruckus in the Roman Empire. It was too large of an empire to be protected, and natural borders weren't doing them much justice. There weren't enough legionnaires to guard frontier boundaries, likewise, the legions weakened. The legionnaires were so concerned with their salaries and control of the throne, they lost focus of their job: to protect Rome. Germanic tribes began to invade Rome and they hit their weak spot.
Marcus Porcius Cato who was also known as Cato the Elder, was a military tribune in the Second Punic War. He is called "The Elder" to not be confused with his great grandson, Cato the Younger. Cato was born as a Plebian, but had a drive to climb up to the top of Rome's highest offices (McKay, John P.) His main goal was to restore old virtues of Rome that had been lost and forgotten. Cato grew up to be a brilliant leader because of his war skills, humbleness, and political skills.
The Civil War was fought during 1861 through 1865 between the Southern and Northern parts of the United States. The North, or the Union, wanted to abolish slavery, but the South, called the Confederates, wanted to keep slavery as well as secede from the Union. This war started at Fort Sumter and was won by the North. Hostility between the North and South grew noticeably after the year of the Missouri Compromise, 1820 (“Civil War” 1). In 1852, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, a book about slave life, became the second best-selling book in 19th Century America, behind the Bible, and opened the eyes of Northerners.