1. Describe the key factors in the Sui-Tang era that made for the restoration of a strong, unified Chinese empire after centuries of turmoil? The restoration of a strong, unified Chinese empire after centuries of turmoil was made possible through the reestablishment of a centralized empire, the revival of Confucian ideas and the enhancement of the scholar-gentry administrators. The creation of a bureaucracy allowed for control from the imperial palace all the down to district level. To have effective administrators to run the bureaucracy, the civil service exam was a must.
Legalism in Qin Dynasty China was known as a focus on greater efficiency and less adherence to tradition in which there was a more strict adherence to the letter of the law. This suggests that Qin Shi Huangdi justified strict centralized control by using the people to strengthen Qin. The citizens of Qin China were used as slave labor on huge construction projects and conquests, such as unifying China. One of the many huge undertakings that the citizens took on were the creation of many roads, and canals, for transporting troops and supplies to other parts of China. Another project was the building of a huge necropolis, large shrine for the dead, for Qin Shi Huangdi.
New forms of writing such as cuneiform and hieroglyphics were used to keep records and write new ideas. There were also new laws and codes, such as Hammurabi’s Code and Confucianism. Both helped to govern its people in a fair and just manner. Lastly, there was trade. In China, the Chinese had the Silk Road which helped other civilizations connect, share and trade their inventions and this led to cultural diffusion.
As China was a treasure to travelers such as Marco Polo, the Great Khan Kubilai welcomed the traveler to bring Christians with him(Document H). This displays the Mongol characteristic of adaptation and acceptance towards new cultures and ideas, implementing diversity. When the Mongols conquered most of Asia, including China and Persia, they also gained control of the continental caravan routes, which were essential to their lucrative commerce(Document J). It is a misconception that the Mongols, a successful empire that excelled in it varied commerce and trade, was barbaric due to the mature level of tolerance required for peaceful public
After the instability under the king and his unsuccessful attempt to recover control through Prime de Rivera, the setup of the new liberal government seemed necessary. While for most of the rich Spanish society the new government was a threat to their wealth, power and culture, for most of Spain, the working class, the new government promised a bright and prosper future in which privileges in society would be levelled and the social hierarchy ended. Azaña´s government promised lots of reforms but was weak in action. When Azaña´s government finally took power it tried to attack those it deemed as having too many privileges in society. He took off power from the church, reduced the influence of the army, gave Catalonia its own parliament, and applied reforms in the education.
After market reforms, villagers lacked communist leadership, as it was hard to manage with all the corruption of leaders and refusal to comply by villagers. Deng allowed people to express demands and published them on the Democracy Wall. Deng also began to modernize ideas after Mao. He strengthened the fields of agriculture, industry, national defense, science and technology. Deng changed a lot about how China was run because he wanted order, and wanted the rule of Law to provide as it makes the system more attractive to foreign investors.
Then, with all this newly acquired power, Liu decided to really make a change when he abolished the awful laws that were once alive with the Qin dynasty and replaced them with new laws that were supported by the people. Annie Wu’s The Han Dynasty includes this example and many more of Bang’s thoughtful changes and his reason behind it all, to win the support of the common people. Liu treated his people less harshly than the Qin rulers did and even lowered
Finally, it can also be argued that war lords and generals bring about the conquest and beginning of new territories as well as civilizations. It is commonplace that a single person starts a regime that changes an empire or even replaces an existing one. Liu Bang is an example of such. Although he had the influence of an existing ideology, he transformed his existing state as a peasant bandit and rose to become the emperor of the forged the Han Dynasty. Although individuals can record particular histories, it is not the case that an individual can create the histories of an entire
One of the problems Henry II faced was the barons. Under Stephen the baron had become too powerful and Henry had the issue of regaining this power. Many baron had taken advantage over Stephens lack of control and authority, several barons built castles without asking the kings permission and had taken over large areas of land Henry had to reassert his authority as the barons where becoming too powerful. If the barons carried on as they were Henrys fate would have ultimately reflected that of Stephens. Also the barons would have been seen as undreaming the king’s power and authority.
They believed that a tyrannical form of government was the least likely to prevail because one person that has all of the power is more susceptible to making mistakes and abusing power. As King George did. He ruled a cruel oppressive government that enraged the people and led to the revolutionary