Marriage And Family In The Industrial Revolution

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With the Industrial Revolution taking place in the early and mid-nineteenth century, the meanings of marriage and family were beginning to put strains on the social implications of Britain. The meaning of family in a household could be seen, prior to the Industrial Revolution, as very strong and committed to working to produce an income for the family. However, marriage and family had different beliefs based on the social class that each family was born into. The four types of classes that saw change in their marriage and family ideologies were the poor, the working class, the middle class, and the higher middle class. These classes not only saw a change in the meaning of family and marriage, but they saw a change in the meaning of life. In…show more content…
The idea that the change of ideas in marriage and family was because the majority of the population of Britain was the factory workers. The industrial revolution allowed the population of Britain to increase dramatically. “It has often been supposed that British population growth was a response to the expansion of manufacturing in the later eighteenth century and a perception that large families could become an economic asset through widening openings for child labor” (The Rise of Respectable Society, Pg. 52). Not only did a large family put an economic asset on the family, the idea of being able to work changed the idea of marriage and family too. Because of the Industrial Revolution, the factories began to implement the use of machines more than people. Men saw this as a threat in the working classes because women could be hired by the factory owners for cheaper prices and for better means. The men of these factories needed to work because they were paid more, but women were seen to be hired first and the men were laid off because of these strains that the factory owners put on the men. This effected the family meaning because if the man was not working, how would the family get enough money to support the family. However, even though the men saw this as a negative, both men and women of…show more content…
The poor needed to be recognized because of their possibility and strive to be better than they were left off as in the years prior to the industrial revolution. However, the strain they felt was far different than what the other two classes felt with the ideas of family and marriage. The working class was the significant class that could feel the strain and effect of the change of family size. This was the first time in Britain that the working class felt a need to be like the higher classes above them. However, due to the increased production of machines, the tension on the ideas of family and how a family should be implemented was the working classes biggest strain. Finally, the middle classes were not primarily affected by the industrial revolution, but they were affected by the higher class, the aristocrats. The overall issue that all of the classes faced with the industrial revolution and how it affected the beliefs on family and marriage was change. Because of a change in economy, work, and machinery the society of Britain began to change the original ideas of family and marriage to fit the newly formed industrial society, allowing Britain’s industry and hierarchy to put strain and change for the people in the mid-nineteenth
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