Fascism under Mussolini and Nazism under Hitler started to rise in Europe during the interwar periods. Both totalitarian governments brought great impact to their nations and international peace, which eventually led to the outbreak of WWII. The German economy suffered severe setbacks after the end of World War I, partly because of reparations payments required under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. The government printed money to make the payments and to repay the country's war debt; the resulting hyperinflation led to inflated prices for consumer goods, economic chaos, and food riots. When the government failed to make the reparations payments in January 1923, French troops occupied German industrial areas along the Ruhr.
Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria to Alois Hitler and Klara Pölzl (Biography.com Staff). Hitler was the fourth child in his family of six children. His father served as a state customs official and pushed Adolf to become one as well (History.com Staff). Young Adolf felt rejected by his father from the start of his life because of Alois’ resentment in his son’s desire to be an artist. At an early age, Adolf tragically lost his younger brother Edmund, which devastated him.
The Short-Term And Long-Term Causes Of World War One (1914-1918) Introduction: World War One is to have been said that it is one of the most massive and destructive wars to have been taken place until that time period (1914-1918). In this World War we had some of the most main important great powerful rivals that were participating in the war. One of them was called the Triple Alliance and it included: Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy, and the other Alliance group was The Entente Alliance and it included Britain, France, Russia, and the USA (in which it joined later on in WW2). In order for World War One to occur it had to go through some causes for it to happen. In this War we had a series of various causes in which some were long-term
This was all over the world. Different countries were left out of the Versailles treaty and this made them feel that they never received an equal share of the treaty. This fact led to self interest in countries proving that they were the top leaders (Kershaw, 2000. Germany and some parts of Europe preached and advocated for Nationalism and Fascism with the party building its empire on extreme nationalism. Fascism kept on promising people the restoration of their economy and this was one of the factors that popularized Hitler, Mussolini and many others as nationalists with the mind of their countries looking forward to see great improvement in their economy.
The temporary success of Weimar Republic was perversive and there were lots of threats that had been formed during the period from 1924 to 1928. Germany had become too economically dependant on foreign powers. As an example, America had given 800 million marks to Germany which was used to rebuild the economy. At that time, this money helped Germany to prosper and looked like it way leading the country to success, but it made Germany suffer more than ever. It was harmful for Germany’s economy and the effect of The Wall Street Crash in 1929 would prove that Germany was too dependent on America and this destructed its economy as the American economy collapsed.
Although World War I had been called the ‘war to end all wars’, only 20 years after its conclusion the world was once again plunged into war. world war II was not an extension of world war I, but world war I was a big cause of world war II. Most of the causes of world war II came out of the Versailles treaty. This research paper will cover the following topics: the causes of world War ll, the significant battles of world War ll, the aftermath of the world war ll. Body1 The World War II came in a series of challenges that began as soon as Hitler came to power in Germany in 1933.
To what extent is it correct to blame German foreign policy for First World War is an incredibly difficult question to evaluate due to the complex situation in Europe during the turn of the century. Unfortunately for Germany, it took them 92 years to pay back the debt and it is said that this blame was a contribution to the Second World War. The continuously habit humans carry- to blame a specific group was not ignored although in this case it was clear and obvious there were many factors contributing to the First World War. This essay will be discussing the social, political, economic, imperialist and militaristic factors leading up to the First World War in 1914. Firstly, it is important to address the “weltpolitik” (world policy) was Germany’s foreign policy adopted by Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany in 1891.
In more recent times, the US has shown their support for Joint Arab Military Force to counter security threats in the Middle East. In the newspaper article titled “US backs Joint Arab Military Force to counter security threats in The Middle East” , the Joint Arab Military Force is made up of 40,000 highly trained troops with the support of fighter jets, warships and armoured vehicles. With the increasing need of joint operations, it is clear that different military services are coming together as one to defend their
“The Allies were joined after 1917 by the United States. The four years of the Great War was then known unprecedented levels of carnage and destruction, thanks to grueling trench warfare and the introduction of modern weaponry such as machine guns, tanks and chemical weapons.” - History.com. “Nationalism is an extreme form of patriotism and loyalty to one’s country. Nationalists place the interests of their own country above the interests of other countries. Nationalism was prevalent in early 20th century Europe and was a significant cause of World War I.
B) The factors leading to the defeat of the British in Malaya to Japan and the effects of the japanese occupation. After winning many important wars such as the Sino, Russo, Manchuria and defeating China, japan was starting to become one of the leading superpowers in regional northern asia and also as a world superpower due to japan’s military advancement. Japan had not only seen growth in its military aspects but also a growth in its economy due to the advancement in its industry. As the second world war began in 1939 when Great Britain declared war upon Germany after it invaded Poland. The start of the second world war kept Great Britain and her allies busy, Great Britain was focused on the war against the axis powers, which made it hard to maintain the new british colonies that were getting bigger and bigger, the British army was unable to maintain or defend the colonies from an outside attack.