Intense criticism of the Catholic Church, and in particular of the Pope, resulted in a swell of reformist thought. The religious aspects of the Reformation were accompanied by ambitious political leaders who sought to manipulate the Reformation as a means through which to expand their power and influence. Arguably, the Reformation was initiated by Martin Luther’s ninety-five theses on a church door in Wittenberg, Germany, in the year 1517. These theses were highly controversial in their nature due to the questioning of Roman Catholic doctrine as well as a number of practices that had been followed by the church for centuries. As such, the Martin Luther, the once humble Augustinian monk from Germany, became a key historical figure of the Reformation.
By the end of the Middle Ages, the church was sorely in need of reform. The papacy was corrupt and church leaders were more dedicated to living luxurious, powerful lives than to preaching the gospel of the Lord. Change eventually came about through courageous people, “shining lights,” as Stiansen puts it, who were unafraid of being ridiculed and even martyred for their convictions. Pre-Reformers like John Wycliffe and Jan Hus prepared the way for the Reformation through their writings, lifestyles, and deaths. John Wycliffe One of the most well-known and controversial Pre-Reformers was John Wycliffe.
Martin Luther Thump, Thump, Thump. These hits of a hammer on a nail would change the course of Christianity and its influence on others for the rest of time. In the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church was an influential figure which dictated daily life and spread the teachings of Jesus Christ. With the power to control how people live, the Catholic Church eventually became corrupt. The Catholic Church’s flawed ideas on how people should prove themselves worthy of God’s protection eventually led to public disapproval.
John Calvin, the French reformer, and theologian, made a powerful influence on the fundamental doctrines of Protestantism. His institutional and social patterns deeply influenced Protestantism. He is well known as Martin Luther 's successor as the preeminent Protestant theologian. He born in France on July 10, 1509, and died in Switzerland on May 27, 1564. His life & Education/Training: He was raised in a Roman Catholic family.
I think that Martin Luther’s life and accomplishments have had the greatest impact on our modern world. “Martin Luther began the Reformation in the early sixteenth century” (171-174). He also wrote the 95 thesis. Without Martin Luther today may not be anything like it is, everyone may have had to be only one religion, people may not have been able to express their feeling the way we can now. “By 1520 Luther had begun to move toward a more definite break with the Catholic Church” (174).
Never Before In History: America's Inspired Birth by Gary Amos and Richard Gardiner explains the influence of Christianity on the founding of America. The significance of the Christian Protestant influence on the instituting of The United States of America is vastly insurmountable. The reformation and the effect it creates on the founding of America is surprisingly momentous. It started with Martin Luther during the early sixteenth
Religious leaders such as Erasmus and Luther proposed reform to the Church based on humanist criticism of New Testament. It was Luther, who published the ’95 Theses’ in 1517. Here he challenged the Pope’s authority and argued against corruption. This led to the Reformation, a break with the Roman Catholic Church and formation of the Protestant Church. The rediscovery of ancient texts and the invention of printing made learning much more available, and allowed the faster spread of ideas.
The Protestant Reformation marks a radical shift of control in the world powers of Europe that agitated the moral, political and economic organization of all societies to follow. Due to the multifaceted nature of the effects of the Protestant Reformation, the presence of a “winner” or “loser” is nebulous. The ideological evolution instigated by the Reformation lead to adjustments in all aspects of life, including the economy. In Max Weber’s seminal work, “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism”, he expounds upon the possible economic benefits of such an evolution. The numerous consequences of the Reformation in Europe overwhelmed the opportunity economic change, but the United States were capable of change and ultimately gained economic
In the early 1500’s the main religion throughout Europe was Catholicism. As time went on more people started to doubt the religion for numerous reasons. Some of which consisted of corrupt priests, indulgences, or buying a ticket to heaven, punishment for other beliefs, and the church’s interference with the monarch. Because of this, heresies became popular. With disillusion rising a Protestant Reformation began.
The Protestant Reformation was a religious revolution in Europe during sixteenth century. “The discovery that changed Luther’s life ultimately changed the course of church history and the history of Europe.” Martin Luther was the person who started the Reformation on October 31, 1517. This is when Martin Luther nailed his Ninety-Five Theses to the door of the Castle Church at Wittenburg, this publication attacked the Roman Catholic Church 's sale of indulgences. “Calvin made a powerful impact on the fundamental doctrines of Protestantism, and is widely credited as the most important figure in the second generation of the Protestant Reformation.” Huldrych Zwingli was greatly involved in the Swiss Reformation and William Tyndale translated the New Testament into the English language. Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483, in Eisleben, Germany.
His 95 theses which propounded two central beliefs that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deed was to spark the Protestant Reformation. Although these ideas had been advanced before, Martin Luther codified them at them at the moment in history ripe for religious reformation. The Catholic Church was ever after divided and the Protestantism that soon emerged was shaped by the Luther’s ideas. Luther’s writings changed the course of religious and cultural history in the West. His revolutionary ideas served as the catalyst for the eventual breaking away from the Catholic Church.
Poltical ambitions and achievements Erasmus’ political ambitions were to change the Catholic Church….he wanted a reformation of the Church. (source: ik hahaha, nee echt dat heb ik zelf bedacht net ) A reformation means: the religious movement in the sixteenth century that had for its object the reform of the Roman Catholic Church, and that led to the establishment of the Protestant churches. (source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/reformation) Erasmus was very critical of some rituals the Catholic Church supported, for example: believe in saints. going on pilgrimages only God could pardon your sins not the Church. His beliefs about studying to find your own religion brought to literacy.
The Act of Uniformity mandated the attendance of religion in the nation and created punishments for failure to appear loyal to the Anglican church. The move is not surprising considering the tumultuous state that England had been under from the previous rulers: Mary, Edward, and Henry VIII that all sought to create new religions. However, rather
People thought Church practices (sale of indulgences) was not allowable. a. John Wycliffe of England and Jan Hus of Bohemia recommended Church reform. b. Europeans were reviewing religious information and also thought about their own opinions about the Church. B. Luther Challenges the Church Luther made a stand towards the actions of friar Johann Tetzel. Luther was in trouble because of Tetzel’s tactics, he wrote 95 Theses(formal statements).