Martin Luther King’s nonviolent tactics were ineffective as it took long time and still Montgomery stayed as a segregated town after boycott. On December 1, 1955, Montgomery bus boycott has began due to an arrest of an African American Rosa Parks who refused to give up her seat to a white
Rosa Parks was an African American woman who disobeyed an order to give up her seat to a white man on the bus. She would then be dragged off the bus and was fined. This is the first well-known time that a black person had violated the segregation laws. Rosa’s brother had asked Martin Luther King Jr. to help with the boycott. He agreed and then he warned other ministers about the boycott.
One of Dr. King’s most famous march was the march on Selma. Dr. King didn’t believe in violence during these strikes. Dr. King practiced non-violent social change which is another reason why his assassination was unjust. During the march on Selma 100 troopers and police attacked the marchers this was known as “Bloody Sunday.” Dr. King did suffer a lot during the civil rights movements, in 1958 a black woman stabbed him. In 1963, Martin Luther King made his most famous speech “I have a dream” which caused a huge impact on the Civil Rights Movements.
Average citizens hold the greatest power to enact change by engaging in peaceful protests. Peaceful protests challenge and demand change from society’s injustices in a nonviolent manner. Injustices provoke the responses from average citizens to set forth a new era of equality. Conducted in a nonviolent manner, peaceful protesting seeks the unification of communities to battle injustices. The unwarranted treatment of African Americas in America prompted the Civil Rights Movement during the 1960s.
If a bus was filled and there were no places for white passengers on the bus to sit, then bus driver would ask the black passengers to give up their seats. By one person standing up for their rights and what they believe in caused a movement for change. Rosa Parks showed the qualities of a hero and embodied them, unlike Gilgamesh. She showed courage in refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man, which led to her arrest and not only the loss of her job but also her husband 's. She even received death threats for years.
Next in the movie we see the first march in Selma to the courthouse protesting against voting discrimination. The courthouse march led to King being arrested along with a lot of other marchers. Months later we see another protest, which heads violent resulting in a death in the end. After a heated discussion with Johnson, King decides to organize a march from Selma to Montgomery fighting for some change, but King isn’t able to participate in the march due to problems with his marriage. This march will become known as Bloody Sunday...because of the violent attack that took place on blacks by the police (Wallenfeldt).
The concept of the freedom rides began in 1947, when African-American and white bus riders tested the 1946 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Morgan v. Virginia that segregated bus seating was unconstitutional . While the Journey of Reconciliation failed to gain momentum and stayed well away from the Deep South for fear of violence , it became the inspiration for the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) 14 years later. In response to the Supreme Court’s Boynton v. Virginia decision of 1960, which extended the Morgan decision to include bus terminals, restrooms, and any other facilities associated with interstate travel, a group of seven African Americans and six whites (led by the CORE’s national director James Farmer ) left Washington bound for New Orleans and the Deep South. Convinced that segregationists in the South would violently protest this exercise of their constitutional right, the Freedom Riders, made up of students and peace advocates, hoped to provoke the federal government into enforcing the Boynton decision . Almost immediately, the rides were met with opposition as they began their journey into the southern states, with the first attacks on riders coming in Rock Hill, California.
The first ride took place on May 4, 1961. Thirteen activists, both black and white, took public buses to the South from Washington D.C. The first few days were the safest. After the second week, the activists were severely beaten. One time in Alabama, white people attacked the riders right next to a sheriff's office.
One of the most notable civil struggles was started by one woman simply sitting on a bus. This simple act of defiance lead to a bus boycott, which lead to a national story, which lead to national attention, which consequently sparked a national movement. (5) While (CL) the civil war did end slavery, it did little to smother (SV) the flames of discrimination. Wildfires of hateful behavior among the white population spread around the nation, affecting many innocent African Americans. (6) Fire burned for years.
The March marked King as one of the head people in the civil rights movement. Martin Luther King Jr. wanted all the races to come together so there would be a stop to hatred and violence. Martin Luther King Jr.’s views helped create other activist groups that fought against more direct challenges and used nonviolent ways of protest. These groups helped from many civil rights laws. Malcolm X had a different perspective than MLK.
The MLK unit showed me a lot about my interests and non interests. Although, the Emmett Till situation is what grabbed my attention. It was typical during the 1950 's for blacks to be killed, but what stood out the most is when his mother requested to have an open casket at his funeral. She wanted everyone to see what they had done to her 14-year old boy. Emmett 's case became representative of the disparity of justice for blacks in the South.The 1955-56 Montgomery Bus Boycott, a protest against segregated public facilities in Alabama, was led by Martin Luther King Jr. and lasted for 381 days.