C. S. Lewis noted: "We need intimate knowledge of the past. Not that the past has any magic about it, but because we cannot study the future, and yet need something to set against the present." The journey of the Church was changed for the better, due to the aftermath of Martin Luther’s Thesis. Luther believed in a more active role of Christians in their walk with God and that the rules set by the Catholic Church were not based from Biblical rules that are required of them. From the time of Jesus, the search for the freedom to worship freely had been a struggle, with many followers of Jesus losing their life.
Although instances were seen before 1517 where people asked for a reform of the Catholic church in order to manage its corruption and control, the start of the rise of Reformation can be directly linked to 1517, Germany, and a man named Martin Luther. Martin Luther was an individual who believed and preached out the idea that people deserved religious and political freedom. He pushed forward the idea that anybody who felt as though they were being abused by the church didn’t need to continue on that way, and that all who wished to have more control were deserving of them. Luther saw a large problem in the way the church abused its power in the name of God and how they specifically partook in dishonest indulgences. The Reformation allowed the
The Renaissance, which was one of the main catalysts of the Reformation rejected the blind obedience and encouraged innovation, focusing on the potential within every human being. Some historians argue that Luther’s revolt against the Church was a final stage of the long and widespread campaign supported by various individuals and movements, which were skeptical about some of the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church. One of them was John Wycliffe, who produced a vernacular Bible in English (1338). Jan Huss (1368-1415) was another famous person who was very popular, particularly in Bohemia (part of the present-day Czech Republic), who was eventually martyred by being burned in front of the public because of his notorious heretical
An indulgence was a donation to the church that came with a promise from the pope to reduce a sinner’s time in purgatory. Seeing his parishioners handing over money they did not have, did not sit well with Luther.All for a paper that he believed to be pointless. So he replied with the 95 Theses against indulgences and then placed them to the church door for all to see on October 31, 1517. This led to a number of debates with other men of the strong opinion, during this time Luther 's positions became increasingly harsh. Starting from the statement that Christians receive salvation through faith and the grace of God.
The Ninety-Five Theses is basically a list of ninety-five complaints against the Catholic Church. These complaints also criticized the pope as well. Luther wanted them to know that they were cheating all the Catholics for their money. He thought that the church was all about money and power. They didn’t have to waste their money so as long as they had faith.
Luther’s theology marked a break with the Roman Catholic Church, because he was greatly disturbed by their act of selling indulgences. Indulgences were grants made by the pope that excused the time of temporary punishment in purgatory. He instigated his rebellion against the Catholic Church by attacking John Tetzel, a priest and commissioner of indulgences. Luther nailed his Ninety-Five Theses, which claimed selling indulgences as an unfaithful practice, on the door of the Wittenberg Castle Church. Luther never had the intention to defy or overthrow the Church.
He closed theatres and frowned on fancy dresses. Calvinism spread through the movement of people. The spread of Calvinism was a challenge to the Roman Catholic Church which led to many wars across Europe. John Calvin also inspired John Knox who was a Calvinist, John Knox returned to Scotland with great ideas which led to him setting up the Presbyterian Church and overthrowing the Catholic Queen. This summarizes how John Calvin had a great impact on the Reformation period religiously.
He was also a very religious man and followed the Puritan way of life and worship. When he assumed power, he declared that all parish priests had to be Puritans. And quickly began banning anything he believed would interfere with the people's connection to God. This meant no dancing, Christmas festivities, or theater, and no fun. Sunday laws (laws that prohibit certain activities from being performed on a Sunday) carried hefty punishments such as flogging, fines, and being put in the stocks.
In the 1500s, the Protestant Reformation swept through England and caused people like John Calvin to make up their own religions. Henry VIII made the Anglicanism the official religion of England, and any dissenters, even dissenters who belonged to the Church of England, were persecuted. Puritans were some of these dissenters, and they migrated to the New World seeking religious freedom, a place to live the way they believed was pleasing to God. As the Puritans' lives were shaped by their religion, so too did their religious values and ideas influence the political, social, and economic development of the New England colonies. That their belief that people should obey religious authority and their value of unity shaped the northern colonies'
Indeed, he was holding up that the Pope was not a valid source of religious authority. Thus, be standing up against the representative of the Catholic Church, he opened the door of the Protestant reformation. As for Jean Calvin, he is the one that has given an impetus to this period. Indeed, he firstly tried to expand the ideas of the Reformation in Paris but was quickly stopped by some threats. He then was called to Genève where he organized his own
IV The Protestant Reformation A. Causes of the Reformation Rulers began to compete against the Church 's political power. Judges of the Church demanded that the leaders were dishonest about their money. John Wycliffe and Jan Hus recommended Church reform. People thought Church practices (sale of indulgences) was not allowable.
Martin Luther believed that salvation wasn’t reached by the traditions that Church taught to follow but by “Faith alone,grace alone, Scripture alone” a saying that is used to summarize his ideal. What triggered his will to speak out about his new understanding was when Pope Leo X authorized the selling of indulgences, a document that if purchased will shorten the amount of time one spends in the purgatory. Other factors of anticlericalism were also important in the start of his protest against the Catholic Church, but the sale of indulgences that was even conducted in his hometown made it clear to him that Church does not care about the poor or the people in general but rather wants to advance its grip in power. For the above reasons, Luther believed that a change in the customs of the Catholic Church must take place. However English monarch Henry VIII had individual reasons for such an inspired fight for the separation from the church.