Their hope and confidence in the only true God and Jesus Christ has resulted in a number of Calvinists beaten by rods, captured in bonds and tortured. Their beliefs cause them to endure ‘the greatest indignity’ and lacerated by slanders. Calvin insinuates that the priesthood manipulates others to ply ‘their enmity’ against Calvin. The true religion which is outlined in scripture is ignorantly ignored by the priesthood and by others. The priesthood doesn’t explore men’s beliefs in Christ and God and are not concerned on the matter, provided that the man submits to the judgement of the church in a concept the clergy profess as implicit faith.
Therefore, people that profess to be “good” also break God’s law and have hard and unrepentant hearts, we can see In book of Romans 2:1-5. Because of the way they are doing, they brought condemnation and judged to all men. So who can save them from condemnation and judgement? How can they have a salvation? Therefore, Paul told that the only way to save them from condemnation is to have faith in Jesus Christ, that’s reason why, he wasn’t ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it’s the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, Romans 1:16.
The Systematic theology in this essay will explore God (theology proper), God’s attributes, the Trinity as followed by trinitarian christians, et cetera. The early church fathers were surrounded by cultured world and they made comprehensive use of reason and philosophy to defend Christianity. Justin Martyr stressed the ineffability, omnipotence and impassibility of God. Others like Athenagoras and Theophilus focused on God's simplicity, indivisibility and universal providence. Irenaeus emphasised on self-sufficiency and perfection of one God to counter Gnostics.
01 Mar. 2017.) John Calvin’s belief in Calvinism has affected reformation. The message has spread across Europe, along with England, and the reformed Church in the Netherlands. When John Calvin published the book, Institutes Of Christian Religion in the city of Geneva, he wanted to create a fitting, and an optimal protestant community in the way that the Roman Catholic Church in Rome did so.
The existential question of suffering has plagued humankind for millennia. Numerous philosophies and theologies have attempted to explain the reality of suffering in the world. Answers range from there being no meaning to suffering to those who see suffering as having redemptive value. The book of Job in the Bible recognizes God’s sovereignty and justice in the midst of suffering. For the Christian, the question of the question suffering becomes particularly difficult: why would God allow suffering?
This explains the ideology of salvation after the English Reformation. Repentance was a choice for Faustus in order to have eternal life, for the good angel told him "Faustus, repent, yet God will pity thee" (5.188). This shows how God is forgiving through Christ. Faustus' attachment to the Devil strengthens his belief that his destiny is predetermined and God won't forgive him for his sins. He ignores prayer thou his prayers would have been answered due to God's mercy.
And last, he states that there is a perseverance of saints, therefore all who are saved are saved for eternity. Calvin expressed these ideas in the Institutes of the Christian Religion. This work of his was received with both criticism and intrigue. Calvin’s ideas were very radical, but he sought to back each of them up with what he believed was the ultimate authority of the Scripture. Calvin combats the idea that the church gives Scripture its authority because he believes that the Bible offers “as clear evidence of its truth, as white and black things do of their color, or sweet and bitter things of their taste” (31).
Prior to the Reformation Era, the Church drowned itself with money from indulgences and power over the people and the State through excommunication, indictment, and inquisition. Martin Luther, a Franciscans monk, saw their erroneous way and wrote five essential solas to lead the Church towards the right path once again. Through two of Martin Luther’s solas, Sola Gratia and Sola Fide, numerous Christ followers abandoned the ideology of good work and believed that faith and His grace would guarantee their access to Heaven. Although it is true that good work is not going to save sinful human, neglecting good work is wrong. Not only does good work represents his or her faith, good work proves the existence of salvation and brings glory to Him.
There are so many symbols used from the beginning of the novel till the end. As an explanation to this, the priest himself is a symbol of religion who believes that real power and glory is in heaven not on earth. The priest is nameless as if he wants to generalize the moral that can be delivered through him. The lieutenant is a symbol of the evil and the anger of the world who thinks that religion is a weakness and the real power and glory is to be the strongest one on earth. The book of martyrs was also a symbol which foretelling that the priest is going to suffer and to be killed.
However after Luther's passing in 1546, Lutheranism underwent some important developments. The first, was proposed by Luther's colleague Philipp Melanchthon (1497-1560) who suggested that while one could not say that good works were necessary for salvation, one could say that good works were necessary. Agricola on the other hand contended that one had no obligation to fulfill the law and even went ahead to say that good works were detrimental to salvation. (This disregards Luther's view that, while good works do not earn salvation, the justified Christian, filled with the Spirit, will perform works of love for his or her neighbor.) Other disputes arose in the form of questioning the relationship of the church to civil government, free will, and the way in which Christ was present in the sacrament of the Lord's Supper.