Martin Luther's Views On Idealism

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One of the common goals shared by some of the most prominent enlightenment thinkers in Europe is to progress into a better society through the means of drawing back to nature in order to think rationally. By doing so, this would lead one to question authority and previously set standards. Philosophes tend to reflect upon nature to answer their questions. Furthermore, they also encouraged others to do the same in order to free themselves from a corrupted mind and to question authority. When Holbach says that “the remedies for these evils must be sought for in Nature herself,” he is encouraging people to rely solely on nature instead of “cling[ing] to blind opinions imbibed in his infancy” (The System of Nature). Only then can a man begin to think rationally. This focus on nature parallels with Martin Luther’s thoughts because since God created nature, the philosophes imply that nature is all one needs. Similarly, Luther stressed the importance of solely relying on one’s faith in God. The comparison here is further strengthened when Paine claims that “[his] mind is [his] own church” because it shows that he is relying on his own thinking and his own faith in God to get to Heaven, whereas the general public was blindly following previous authoritative ways and counting on indulgences (The Age of Reason: Deism). That being said, encouraging the masses to rely on reason was also a goal the philosophes tried to achieve. One example of trying to reach this goal is publishing the

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