There is only one person in our lives who loved and protected us from the moment that we born, our mothers. Thinking about that important person, Willie Perdomo wrote the poem “Unemployed Mami” in 2002 as part of the book Postcards of El Barrio (Poetry Foundation 2015). In “Unemployed Mami” and Postcard of El Barrio the author explores the culture, traditions and even the patriarchy that characterizes Puerto Ricans. Moreover, Perdomo shares the life of a son and the life of his beloved unemployed mother, in a time where women stayed at home without having a job, living from what their husbands earn. In order to enjoy and appreciate the content of this poems it is important to discuss what it means, where it takes place and what it tells about Perdomo’s life.
The concept of exemplarity was used extensively throughout Roman literature as a tool to give guidance and enforce authority. By providing an ethical framework of societal precedents, exempla served to govern all facets of Roman public life. The system of exemplarity had an inherent power in Roman society, allowing it to be exploited for personal gain by rulers such as Augustus. Through his monumental literary biography, Res Gestae Divi Augusti, Augustus manipulated exemplarity in order to translate his coercive power into benevolent authority over the people of Rome.
Donkeyskin is a fairy tale about a princess who faces difficult challenges but manages to overcome them in the end. The King’s wife dies and with the intention of keeping the king unmarried for the rest of his life, she makes him to promise that he will marry an awesome woman like her. The situation forces the king to propose to her daughter who is even better than the queen. The tale focusses on the idea that good can always triumph over evil. It revolves around the flight of the princess to escape the awful marriage to his father (Perrault, 1977).
Under the power and jurisdiction of their masters, slaves lost their humanity and became extensions of their masters (Rauch, Sherman, & Hagel). Consequently, slaves wished to escape their cycle of subordination as presented in many non-fictional slave texts, such as in Mariano Pereira’s interview after slavery or in the Ilheus, Bahia slave treaty in 1789 (Krueger). Given that the slave could not challenge the institution with enough power to eliminate it, slaves must have sought other means to oppose the institution and gain some autonomy. Hence, primary sources become excellent texts to extract and define the form of resistances slaves utilized to oppose their masters. In Plautus’s play, Pseudolus, and Machado de Assis’s short story, The Cane, slaves used the manipulation of language, the master’s power in persuasion, and the reliance on others to wager on gaining autonomy.
The author of Graceling, Kristin Cashore, wishes to get the theme of perseverance through to readers. For instance, Katsa was always enduring the harsh tasks King Randa thrusts upon her. Although not always voluntarily, Katsa completes her uncle’s assignments as painless as she can manage. The Prince of Lienid, Po, also owns great perseverance skills. He continues to struggle as his Grace gradually magnifies in power. Po’s Grace of sensing overwhelms Po’s senses, yet he always pulls through his challenges, even if he does receive assistance from his friends. Last, but not least is Bitterblue, the third main character. Bitterblue may be young, but she is as fierce as a lion. Most children do not need to learn to bear a knife in order to
“Rather, we seek only to articulate what we believe is the case for the inclusion of women in all aspects of church life, including pastoral ministry and church leadership, and hence the case for the ordination of women.” It is through the positing of this specific statement that Grenz and Kjesbo begin to position and develop their thesis on the fact that; not only should women hold a significant role in the life of the church, including ordination, but that men and women should work in tandem in ministry. They draw our attention to the support of their argument by bringing to light certain biblical, historical, practical concerns and considerations, through the seven chapters of their book: 1) Women in the Churches, 2) Women in Church History,
Perpetua can be compared and contrasted to Dido. Perpetua was a determined, strong woman who stood up for her beliefs, and did not let anything or anyone change her own perspectives and ideals. Similarly, Dido was a passionate, confident ruler of a city determined to achieve her own goals. At some point, Dido and Perpetua shared the same emotions of defying others for what their personal beliefs that they were willing to die fort; neither cared what the community thought about them. However, there is a contrast between their reasons for their emotions. Perpetua lived in Carthage, a place conquered by Romans, and was supposed to worship the Roman gods, but instead she was devoted to Christianity. She sacrificed everything, even though she had a nursing baby and a family, because she would rather have died than deny her faith.
During the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, women were restricted to domestic life in a male-dominated society. Egypt’s capital, Alexandria, formally passed into Roman rule in 80BC , and was the greatest of the Roman provincial capitals, with a population of 300,000. In comparison, the Italian city of Pompeii had a population of only 20,000. To examine the role of women in Roman society, I will need to investigate the literature that survived from the period. This essay will compare and contrast the role of women in Alexandria and Pompeii.
“Julius may be experienced, but Marcus is younger and is much more flexible and agile than Julius.”
is not the case with Augustus. He does not want to be forgotten, and he wants to
If you were sentenced to be devoured by beasts, would you be afraid? A bishop, a student of an apostle, a martyr, and a God fearing man, Ignatius represented the heart of Christ. Many do not fear death, but to embrace it as Ignatius did requires a level of trust in God that many christians do not have. Ignatius was not only an example for the church but also a leader to many christians, including Polycarp.
With these moral structures set in place, the characteristics of an ideal Roman woman and the reality of the power distribution in relationships, with outcomes extremely unfavorable towards women having power took shape. While not explicitly discussed, the ideas for ideal women and “correct” behavior in a relationship can be seen in literature. Two pieces of literature that are especially illuminating are Ars Amatoria, or “The Art of Love”, and the Heroides, or “The Heroines”, by Ovid during the reign of Augustus. To put it in context, this was the time of transition between Republic and Principate, when Rome was finding stability as it shifted to a new balance of power within the government. This began the time when familial power was starting
“But I will say that the gods are on MY side, not yours. Justice was served here today. I served you and I loved you. You betrayed me and ruined me” (Fredrick, 2015 , p. 69)
Dale (2011, p. 30-31) remarks that the deities that the speaker mentions (Apollo, Eros and Aphrodite) often appear in Alcman’s partheneia. It is also plausible that here we had a schema alcmanicum. It is possible that there was a similar performative context to that of Alcman’s partheneia. This fragment -probably- belonged to a paroinion, and thus to a sympotic song that appeared after the performance of a maiden chorus.
This research paper will examine the pericope, the Samaritan Woman, in the Gospel of John as found in John 4:1-42. The different areas of the pericope, which would be expounded on, are historical context, literary context, relationship with the synoptic parallels, major points in the pericope and its modern application.