Karl Marx Weber Vs Durkheim

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Max Weber, Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim were the founding fathers of sociology as we know it today. Each of these figures envisioned a better way for the economy to operate without taking away the humanity of the employees. They believed that the ways certain economies were managed was busy dehumanising the workforce. Capitalism is the main problem here. The burgeoning economic inequality between the richest and the poorest is a cause of concern for social, political, and ethical reasons(Waters, 2014).Different viewpoints are discussed by each of the founders and some similarities and differences can be seen in their solutions to this concern. Karl Marx: The way he sees it is that capitalists decrease expenses and maximise probability for…show more content…
Capitalist humanism is described as a reactionary backlash to changes in modern industrial life that threaten to cancel the traditional privileges accorded to human priority. He stated this happening as anomie. Anomie is according to(Boundless, 2015), alienation or social instability caused by erosion of standards and values. People connect value to things they do. Managers set out to destabilize the social relationships by which workers defined themselves and derived a sense of identity, thereby creating the conditions for what Durkheim defines as anomic suicide (Waters, 2014). Interaction between capitalists and workers must be increased. His solution to this problem was that the workforce become more evolved in the decision making of the company and more involvement between employees. Therefore giving them a purpose and creating a more powerful and motivated workforce. Focusing on Individuality of the employee played a big role. According to(Bowring, 2016), Durkheim logically argued that the growth of the autonomous individual presupposes the weakening of collective norms; what is a loss for the collective is a gain for the individual. He argued that these new values get added to the workface because of occupational groups that worked together that can leads to new values…show more content…
Weber reinforce the reality of being alienated in the factory under capitalism (Windsor & Carroll, 2015). People fight for their own belonging. He also agreed on Durkheim’s theory, were he considered religion to be an important factor on the economy as well as law, morality, art, science, and political forms (Simon, 2006). These shared values make us human. In any business a good bureaucracy is needed to lay out each individual’s purpose in the business. Weber does not want to substitute one oversimplification for another, spiritualism for materialism; both are only symptoms of the larger issues of the spirit of capitalism and its origins and development in modern industrialist societies (Simon, 2006). Bureaucratic (…) organization guarantees the continuing rule-bound execution of official duties(Dischner, 2015). A bureaucracy can be very useful when laying out the tasks of your labourers. However when capitalists use such a system they start depersonalising social life. According to (Simon, 2006), for the bourgeoisie, labour is an economic commodity like other material goods, and the proletariat is forced to sell its labour on the market and face inhumane working conditions. Allowing more interaction in the workplace sharing common morals between employees are the key parts for this solution to

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