Marxism And Communism: Critical Review Of Karl Marx

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Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a German philosopher, political activist and scholar of nineteenth century. In the mid-nineteenth century the capitalists (bourgeoisie) were making many advances and establishing their rule in many dominant parts of the world. Thus, from a very young age Marx had witnessed the exploitation of the working class (proletariats) at the hands of the capitalists. He was against the antagonism of the classes that existed in society. Marx had worked in combination with Fredrick Engels and presented Communist Manifesto in 1848.He believed “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles”. His idea of dialectic materialism further elaborated the view that only materialistic factors were responsible for bringing the social change. He also enlisted five stages of communism in Communist Manifesto, which were; Primitive Communism, Feudalism, Capitalism, Socialism, and Communism.
The social and economic conditions of that time provided the basis for the emergence of Marxism. Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels presented a theory in which they instigated the deprived class (Proletariats) to bring revolution and fight for their rights. Hence, the philosophy of Marx was based on the classless society. He also gave the idea of Dialectic Materialism in which he stated that only materialistic factors were responsible for bringing revolution in society and the main dominating factor was economy. Hence, it was obligatory for
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