Karl Marx was a German philosopher and economist in the 18th century. He is known for his book the Communist Manifesto that was published in 1848. Marx believed that a revolution of the working classes would over throw the capitalist order and creates a classless society. The Industrial Revolutions led to the proletarianization; his partner Friedrich Engels explained why the changes created by the proletarianization of the worker would develop into a huge problem for industrial societies. I do believe that Karl Marx’s vision of communism in the Communist Manifesto could re-emerge as a popular and workable philosophy of social, economic, and political organization.
The socialist account of history is that capitalism is unjust and leads to the downfall of great nations. Socialists envision a strong working class with democratic control over the production of goods. Socialists view the proletariat (the working class) as the bedrock or foundation of the economy. In the Communist Manifesto, Karl
Society consisted of an orderly system that revolved around class. To begin, Marx and Engels believed that Communism was the answer to the class struggles society was facing. Communism’s main point is to abolish private property (Marx & Engels 21). This means property is privately owned by capitalists; Marx favored public property, where the state owns property, and individuals are paid equally according to their needs. Marx and Engels hypothesized the changes that would happen if all classes disappeared; they felt that without classes competing against each other, everyone would be equal.
It inevitable struggle between social classes would lead to the creation of a classless society where all means of production would be owned by the community. The idea of Communism is that workers earn wages in the industrial and agricultural sectors. Individual worker rights are secondary to the importance of the state. The government acts as the facilitator for the community and controls all the wealth and there will be not private ownership which means that all the profits that are earned by the workers will return to the community for equal distribution. Marx’s view is to have a classless society.
Historian George F. Kennan maintains that the ideology and circumstances of the Soviet Union were accountable for the political nature of this communist state. Kennan discusses a distinct pattern of thought and concepts to describe the Soviet Union 's position on capitalism and motivation for their conduct. Kennan understands Russian History to be a significant influence in the nature of the Soviet Union 's conduct and discusses a clear hostility towards capitalism. Capitalism was perceived as a destructive and unjust ideology. It exploited the working class, failed to produce adequate resources and created uneven economic and social distributions.
According to Marx, the ideological superstructure is a metaphor for the ideas, beliefs, and values that legitimizes social arrangements based on production. Marx believed that this ideological superstructure was controlled by the bourgeoisie. By being the ones who influenced the ideological superstructure, they bourgeoisie are also able to keep the working class ignorant to how bad their conditions are. Because of this, Marx wanted to do away with political, theological, legal, and any other ideas that came from the ideological superstructure. In Marxian theory, there are two dominate ideas that explain the class struggle that has made up human history.
In 1848 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published The Communist Manifesto. Communism is a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and need, ‘‘Thus, the needs of a society would be put above and beyond the specific needs of an individual.’’. Marx and Engels desired to end capitalism feeling that it was the social class system that led to the exploitation of workers. The workers that were less valuable would develop class consciousness causing conflict among the classes that would be resolved through violent means. In theory communism sounds like a good idea but in reality it has never worked.
In his Communistic Manifesto Karl Marx talks about the classes ' struggle, how thought history the subordinate classes have raised against the dominant classes and he foresees how the workers class will let a revolution against the capitalistic that will end in a socialism where the government will ensure welfare to the proletariat class. He also claims that this society will evolve to communism where the necessity of state will disappear along with alienation of labor from life. I think the society he dreams of is like a hypothetical or example of a society that is more inclusive and where all classes are actively participating, where they more equality among the people.
The Communist Manifesto was written in Europe in 1848 and is known for its upright opposition of a capitalist society. Within the text lie many in-depth reasons corroborating the need of equality among a society. The text does not only emphasize how capitalism affects economy, but also how it affects social interactions. Specifically, Marx and Engels mention the change of relations within families and between humans. It is then remarkable to read work, such as Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, published in 1962 that exemplifies Marx’s predictions of a nation suffering from the effects of capitalism.
Hence, both De Tocqueville and Marx claim that separation in those modern communities is guaranteed, on the other hand, both of these thinkers majorly differ, because Marx holds that the working class will eventually gain "class consciousness" (Marx, 1844) and demolish capitalism to settle for an equal