Marx’s first criticisms are towards the concept of liberal democracy as defined by John Stuart Mill. Mill describes liberal democracy as a society in which the government promotes the common good of the citizens by recognizing the natural right of private property, the tendency towards market economies, and the equality in social and economic opportunities as well as in personal and civic liberties. (Mill, John Stuart. "On Liberty: Chapter 1.”). Marx believed instead that liberal democracy does not represent the best type of government since it does not correspond to a natural order but rather reflects a very human abstract view of society.
In the first section of Common Sense, Thomas Paine characterizes government as he sees it, which is still an influential viewpoint. His characterization is perhaps best summed up in his own succinct words: “government even in its best state is but a necessary evil.” These words speak measures to his attitude towards the fundamental nature of government—an attitude that shaped a political party in his time that has evolved over time with the core concept relatively intact. For Paine and modern conservatives alike, government is only rendered necessary due to the inadequacies of moral virtue in running a society. To illustrate this concept, Paine supports his idea with a hypothetical island. When a society develops, it will become necessary for a government to compensate for the eventual defect of moral virtue in individuals.
Social change isn’t just something you can just fight out and be done with. It requires time and a lot of patience because if not then things would always stay the same. Dr.King has changed the world for the better because of being an extremist for civil rights and doing so in an non violent matter. He believed that” If the Negro is to achieve the goal of integration, he must organize himself into a militant and nonviolent mass movement” lines (75-76) from
Marx thought people’s life will become better unless abolishing religion through revolution. Freud also thought if people have no religious belief，will have better life. They were trying hard to uncover the ignorance of religious from a scientific point of view，but there are loopholes in both their point of views. The communistic society which Marx appreciated belongs to materialism，it is opposite with the religion which belongs with idealism. But in ancient times，the structure of the society is similar with the communistic society proposed by Marx.
He emphasizes that organized religion and sects are more focused on following specific rules and practices, than concentrating on really understanding God and His ideas of humility, moral behavior and virtue. Benjamin Franklin tolerates and accepts people who have different mindsets and commit themselves to organized religions; however, even though Franklin believes in God and His creations, he considers organized religion as something that does not inspire morality and, instead, creates a hostile environment among people. The importance of religion is reflected through its use for society. Many people left their homes in Great Britain to start a new life in a foreign country they were not accustomed
Priestley portrays his political views on equality through the character of Inspector Goole. He believed that everyone should be treated with impartiality despite their social status which expresses his theme of morality. Also, he conveys the message of socialism by making it seem more favorable than capitalism. Furthermore, the Inspector is presented as stern and authoritarian to create conflict within their family. This further leads to the characters offering a confession subconsciously to make them feel responsible for their immorality.
Government laws are necessary for our communities because if people do not agree with the government, it does not mean government decision are incorrect. In “Civil Disobedience,” Thoreau talks about government and points out the flaws in the government system. On the other hand, in “ The Grapes of Wrath,” Steinbeck talk on the birth of civilization from physical and governmental issues. Although, many cases Thoreau and Steinbeck perspectives on government contradicts with each other however they both share similar thoughts about self-government. In contrast, Thoreau begins his essay by criticizing the government system, and he believed that government is ineffective because of the stringent and barbarous laws.
Popper 's work on political philosophy is also of great importance. In his work he not only claimed that liberal and open society is the best form society but also justified his claim to a major extent. Popper in his work argued against great philosophers such as Marx, Hegel and Plato. Popper argued that the growth of human knowledge partly causes the evolution of human history. IN his quote "no society can predict its own future states of knowledge" he factual out a justification to Marx concept of 'historicism '.
For instance, who uses power or where is power located are two of the main concerns of conflict theory. In fact, Coser, himself says power is not a bad thing but it is a factor that helps shape relations within a society. In his theory, Coser tries bringing out the meaning of conflict in a society; how a conflict starts in a society; how unequal distribution of power within a society leads to conflict and the consequences that it brings along. Coser drew most of his theories from Georg Simmel, rather than drawing his theories from Marx and Weber. Coser manages to be distinct from rest of his contemporaries because he was the first to consider the functional consequences of conflict.
That persons interests are rooted in the well being of the country he holds the responsibility for. Because he is not concerned with pleasing voters, having a competitive dual with other political parties, or trying to establish functional bilateral relationships, all they focus on is the welfare motive for the country and its people. Assuming that a benevolent dictator being morally inclined and beyond selfish materialistic desires is hard to find, we can still keep our hopes shining since although it is difficult but not Impossible to find someone of that sort, fortunately history tells us similar stories whether you talk about Turkey or Singapore.Efficient and ideal benevolent dictators are so deeply involved with the cultural and other socially oriented functioning of the state, being well-informed of its problems and pertinent norms that he would hardly require any informative advice in relation to it.With the leader being so close to the people and understanding of their needs there is close proximity that is evolved between the two entities. Middle men are eliminated since the dictator wishes to directly deal with the problems of the people, rendering direct access.Benevolent dictatorships places unsubstituble responsibility on the leader since all the decisions of the nation is in their hands. This would in turn get