Marxism In Darkness And Darkness Analysis

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Marxism sees society as being corrupted and divided into two classes; the rich or the bourgeoisie (the white men) who exploit the less powerful class; the poor natives (the Africans). This injustice and exploitation are illustrated in Conrad’s novella mentioning the atrocities of the Western imperialism as in the first part of the story when Marlow recounts what he saw as he traveled to the Congo River “I [Marlow] could see every rib, the joints of their limbs were like knots in a rope, each had an iron collar on his neck, and all were connected together with a chain whose bights swung between them, rhythmically clinking” . It clearly depicts how the natives as the inferior class are at the mercy of the capitalist class which is represented by director of the companies. According to Marlow, the Capitalist system, which generates social inequality, is nothing but “great demoralization of land” (Conrad 24). The rich becomes richer and the poor becomes poorer. Although in fact the ivory is the property of the natives, it is slowly transferred to the Europeans who deprived the Africans of it and even of food. Such system, according to the theory, leads to slavery and Marxists are against it. In Conrad’s short novel, the Africans are barely regarded as human beings. They are considered as mere objects used to gain wealth and are not even compensated for their work. Nowhere in the novella is mentioned that the Africans are collecting ivory for themselves, but always for Kurtz

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