Alhusser Marxism Analysis

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A philosopher widely known as the “inventor” of the “structuralist” brand of Marxism Louis Althusser was born in French Algeria 1918. In 1960s he became one of the most important representatives of Marxism, was commonly referred to as a structural Marxist. Althusser studied in “École Normale Supérieure” (ENS ~ The High Normal School), where he eventually became Professor and spent thirty-five years teaching in the ENS. He impacted a generation of French philosophers — among his students, there were Derrida, Pierre Bourdieu, Michel Foucault and Michel Serres. He also believed that art can be a part of the dominant ideology and a thing which exposes it. Equally criticizing the abstraction as pure possibility and realism as ideologically mediate…show more content…
These years he writes the principal works about Marx. But along with them, in 1966th Althusser writes also the primary text about art – "Cremonini, the Painter of the Abstract", where he raises, in fact, the same questions, but with the certain balance caused by transition from the field of philosophy and science to the field of art. Contrary to basic principles of socialist realism with its criticism of the abstract art Althusser, regarding to Marx's thesis about the person as "sets of all public relations", speaks about impossibility of the natural image of these relations. The understanding of the person which opens for us Marx's thought, assumes that we already are in space of the abstract – the relations. Art if it is something other than just ideology, cannot represent the person and the world in the recognizable, ideological form. In this sense it is necessary to refuse realism for the sake of the reality. On the other hand, Althusser at the same time votes against the abstractionism coming along with a pure possibility. The most of this philosopher’s interest relies on fact that he called the ‘real abstract’, and this real abstract does not require from the artist a total rejection from ‘figurativity’. Informally Leonardo Cremonini's artworks were related to the trend named "Nouvelle
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