The letter was a response to a newspaper article that he read while in jail, where eight white clergymen were criticizing his recent actions that sent him to jail. Now we are going to look more in depth at M.L.K’s speech and the letter. One item that I realized is that Martin Luther King Jr. uses a ton of logical and emotional appeal. Throughout both the speech and the letter, Martin Luther King Jr. does a better job strengthening his logical appeal over emotional appeal. First off, we will start with examples from the “I Have a Dream” speech.
In the “letter from Birmingham Jail” by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., he uses pathos, logos and rhetorical devices such as imagery, sarcasm and biblical allusions to show how his work of nonviolent protests are smart and how Birmingham has violated their civil rights. He expresses himself in his letter by explaining why he can not wait any longer because of the countless murders, the unsolved bombing, lynching, and violence towards the black community. MLK Jr. came across a statement which was a call for unity by eight Clergymen while being in the Birmingham city jail because of him not having a license to protest. In response to the eight Clergymen, Dr. king decided to write a historical letter letting them know that freedom was not an option because of the false promise and the continued violence. The letter is written to inform the people who are against, neutral and with segregation that it is time to take action and prove to the clergymen why he will stand up for what is right.
He explained why the protesters were civilly infringing racist laws and city ordinances; why the protesters had truth and justice; and how he was thwarted with the clergyman and white moderates in the South who said they supported his cause. In his “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, Dr. King incorporates biblical and historical allusions to give him credibility with his target audience, the clergymen. Additionally, Dr. King subtly asks rhetorical questions and makes logical conclusions to force his audience to consider his strategy of nonviolent resistance to cease racism and oppression. Throughout his piece, Dr. King uses many strong connections to biblical theologians and philosophers that strengthen his appeal and credibility.
In August of 1963, King led the March on Washington. Black people and even some whites gathered at the Lincoln Memorial to take a stand against segregation. There was a total of around 200,000 people. (New York Times) Many people gave speeches, but the most famous speech was Martin’s “I Have a Dream” speech.
On March 7, 1965, in Selma, Alabama, the first of three Civil Right marches took place on the Edmund Pettus Bridge. The purpose of these peaceful marches was to protest the discriminatory voter registration practices that kept African-American citizens in Alabama from voting. As the peaceful protesters crossed the bridge, they were greeted by Alabama state troopers, who instructed them to end the protest immediately; when the protesters refused, the state troopers unleashed a barrage of attacks. Protesters were attacked by police dogs, beaten with clubs, and had their eyes stung by tear gas; all of which, were caught on camera, as activists asked that the march be publicized-not knowing that it would become violent. This event came to be known as “Bloody Sunday”.
Do you know why Martin Luther King Jr has his own day? One reason he has his own day is because he lead the biggest Civil Rights marrch in America, which is known as The March on Washington. This march had more than two hundred thousand people trying to end segregation. Martin Luther King Jr is one of the most known people in America because, he tried to end segregation and after having many peaceful protest he finally ended segregation. Martin Luther King Jr made a famous speech that is known as the "I have a Dream" speech.
Nevertheless, Martin Luther King Jr and his supporters still believed that their voice could modify this nation, even when people acted wrongly against them. And just like that, the idea of a fair country spread like a wildfire. Soon this country would stand for fairness and
He became a figurehead of the struggle of African-Americans in the fight for equality. During his time as an activist, as a young pastor, he aided in leading the Montogomery bus boycott following the arrest of Rosa Parks from his church. The boycott was a grand success, lasting thirteen months, and ended in the U.S Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses was unconstitutional, a huge advancement early in his activist career. From Montogemry similar protests began to spread across the Southern United States, leading Marting Luther King Jr to found the SCLC, or Southern Christian Leadership Conference, to help organize and unify non-violent protest attempts. Today, the SCLC is fighting for the equal rights of everyone, regardless of race, gender, religion or background.
Black leaders met, forming the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA), electing King as the president, and decided to continue the boycott until the city met their demands. Their demands which included courtesy, the hiring of black drivers, a first-come-first-serve seating policy, as well as with caucasian passengers entering and filling seats from the front and African American from the back. In the further action of this, as well as in addition to the boycott five women from Montgomery, represented by attorney Fred D. Gray and the NAACP, sued the city in the U.S. District court, planning to have the busing segregation laws abolished. Despite African American representing most of the population at the time using the Montgomery bus system, the city resisted complying with their demands. Nonetheless, making sure to keep the boycott going, the leaders of this action organized other ways for African Americans to get to work, by organizing carpools, and getting African-American taxi drivers to charge the same price as the bus fare for African American riders (10 cents) (Montgomery Bus Boycott,2010) or some just simply chose to walk to their
Influencing the decision to be an activist against segregation, a black women refused to give up her seat to a white person and was later arrested and charged. After the bus incident, Martin Luther King Jr. organized a bus boycott and stated that the colored people have put up with the racism for too long leading to the famous speech, "I Have a Dream." In August of 1963, thousands and thousands of people stood at the Lincoln Memorial to listen to King's
King traveled around the country to give inspirational speeches on nonviolent protests and civil rights while meeting activists, religious figures and other important people around the world. The town of Birmingham was a town for boycotts, sit-ins, and also marches to protest against segregation. Martin participated in the protest, but it led him to be arrested by the police on the 12th of April 1963. This arrest led to Martin Luther King Jr. organizing the March on Washington, a march held on August 28 the same year, promoting African Americans to have freedom and rights. The march was considered the biggest moment in civil rights movement
Selma is a historical film that features Civil Right legend, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr (portrayed by David Oyelowo). The movie shows the activist as he leads the historical march to Selma, Alabama. In addition, movie lovers will see the brutality shown against the protesting, while fighting for their constitutional rights. The touching film also showed the power of the people. A few things from the Movie A Nation coming together After the nation saw the things happeining in the southern United States, many people went down south and joined King, and the other protesters.
Popular characters like martin Luther king, Rosa parks, and Malcolm x provided strong leadership and helped create powerful movements that will gain the attention of the government to change and enforce the importance of equality. Martin Luther king however personally gave the major turning point in the civil right movement by boycotting the Montgomery buses according to the biography.com editors. This led to the uplift of the segregated bus laws. Rosa parks helped start this movement when she didn’t give up her seat to the white man. This action gave opportunity for the NAACP to begin addressing the segregation happening within the society of
After the marchers left the police department the marchers yet again shut down a intersection then proceeded to city hall, they were met by police and barred from entry. Then the march was led back to the starting location an shut down another intersection at Wisconsin Avenue and water street. Their goal was to let people know that black lives matter and that someone need to stand up to the dirty cops who get away with everything they do. The protest wasn’t a failure nor a big success but they did make people start to understand and see what we go through on an everyday bases and that when we shout “black lives matter”we aren’t just doing this to make us stand out more.