It is argued that social inequality occurs because of the conflict between the upper-class and the working-class, or as Marx defines it, the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat. Based on the Manifesto of the Communist Party (Marx and Engels, 1848), the divergence emerges because the aim of the Bourgeoisie is to obtain a surplus-value that is produced by the work of the Proletariat. On the other side, the Bourgeoisie provides the Proletariat with the minimum required, such as a place to live and a minimum wage, in order to keep the society under control and avoid a rebellion. However, Marx did predict a revolt of the working-class that would eventually lead to a communist regime. When it comes to applying this theoretical approach to reality, it is evident to notice that no global revolt in regards to capitalism has occurred.
The ‘contradiction between art and society is as indispensable an element of the Marxist interpretation of the history of art as is the doctrine of their unity’ (Lifschitz, 1938, pg. 68). Indeed, Marxist thought is inclusive of an abundance of key concepts that intertwine with the arts in an ‘indispensable’ way. Such concepts include popular culture, class conflict and, namely, the ongoing Marxist struggle of capitalism within society. Many works can be discussed through a Marxian lens which generally offer powerful interpretations for art within society. This essay will analyse the ways in which Marxism assists in the understanding of the arts and, more specifically, the ways in which art responds to political agendas of the time.
Sinclair’s purpose for the novel becomes evident towards the end of the book. It is clear that the author’s blatant attack of capitalism is a means to persuade readers of the socialist alternative. Socialism is introduced as capitalism’s counterpart; where capitalism is evil and destructive, socialism is good and beneficial.
This sociological study will analyze the problem of commodity fetishism in American consumer culture. Karl Marx’s theory of commodity fetishism is a major problem in the United States due to the inability of consumers to see the intrinsic value of a commodity. American consumer culture tends to become trapped in the “magical qualities” of a product, which makes them unable to understand the object as it was made by a laborer. This abstraction of the commodity is part of Marx’s analysis of capitalist products that is separated from the labor and become valuable objects in and of themselves. This is an important sociological perspective on commodities, which creates an irrational consumer culture in the American marketplace.
Marxism and feminism are two sides of a coin. Encarta reference library defines Marxism as “a theory in which class struggle is a central element in the analysis of social change in western societies”. Feminism is defined as a recognition and critique of male supremacy combined with efforts to change it. Marxism is an economic and social system.
Marx and Engels look at capitalism with seriously negative opinions. They regard the system as extremely unsuitable, and are deeply concerned with getting rid of it. In a capitalist society, capitalists own and control the main resources of production - machinery, factories, mines, capital, etc. The modern working classes, or proletariats, own only their labor. Proletariats work for the capitalists, who own the product that was produced and then sell it for a profit.
Each subsection is arranged to highlight the textual analysis of Alexie through applying the critical theory of social realism. 2. Theoretical Framework Social Realism is a naturalistic realism focusing on social issues and the hardships of everyday life. The term refers to the urban American scene of the depressive artists, who were influenced by the Ashcan school of the early 20th century New York. Social realism, an international art movement, refers to the work of painters, print-makers, photographers, and film-makers that draw attention to the everyday conditions of the working class and the poor; social realists are critical of the social structures which maintain these conditions.
Our conventional representations of gender, race, and class are inverted and do not abide by universal expression. What is it about postmodernism that depicts real-life situations in the real world? Blade Runner exists in its own capitalistic and dystopian society, but we can relate to a lot of the