Marxist Overtones In Auden's Early Poetry Of Thirties By Auden Analysis

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Marxist Overtones in Auden’s Early Poetry of Thirties
Dr Sujata Rana
Professor (English)
Department of Humanities
D C R University of Sc. & Tech., Murthal (Sonepat)
Mobile: 9416260036

The Decade of Thirties
The period of 1930’s, opening with the Great Depression of 1929 and ending with the German invasion of Poland in 1939, which signalled the outbreak of World War II, was a highly disturbed one, especially in the European history. Witnessing hunger marches, mass rallies, world-wide unemployment, political manoeuvrings, dictatorial brutalities, ruthless oppressions, protests and wars the entire decade was really a period of uncertainty and distress for the common man as well as the men of letters. Mentioning some of the most important international
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The special temper of the poem is linked with a realization that a determined and collective bid to unite the two worlds is a compelling imperative which we shall ignore at our own peril. Another poem “A Summer Night” also attempts at combining the personal world of “Islands” and “gardens” and the political one of “violence”, “tyrannies of love” and “gathering multitude outside”. Although this problem of division between the internal and external worlds is the hallmark of the whole of Auden’s poetry, the poetry of the thirties particularly emphasizes the urgent need of uniting the two opposing worlds. And this can be done effectively when we learn to take sides, choose and act instead of remaining complacently lost in self-enclosed illusionary worlds. Auden had by then learnt to face reality with courage and make definite choices which reflected his partisanship or what can be better called a sense of responsibility towards those who are suffering and are being victimised.
Another major shorter poem “The Chimneys are Smoking” is addressed not to the working class but to the lovers. They are urged to postpone their uncertain groping and “choose the crooked” route of attacking the conditions which enslave love to uncertainty and frustration. “Danse Macabre” (It’s a farewell to the drawing room’s mannerly cry”) also uses the dialectic of change in the society through action. Beginning with a call of bidding farewell to all those things that represent the bourgeois culture the poem uses multiple ironies aimed at capitalism and fascism

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