Introduction I argue that Marxism is best explains the contemporary phenomenon of economic globalization. “Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that analyzes class relations and societal conflict that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development and a dialectical view of social transformation” . “Marxist methodology uses economic and sociopolitical inquiry and applies that to the critique and analysis of the development of capitalism and the role of class struggle in systemic economic change. In Marxism, the concept of contradiction between economic and political relations was enacted into historical law. The Marxist position is that the mode of production does in fact determine the superstructure of political relations.
In this essay I will discuss the views of Conflict Theorists on education and the implications it does when dealing with curriculum and learners. Marx argued the bourgeoisie (ruling-class) used the capitalist economic system to extract surplus value from the proletariat (working-class). Marxism is seen as a conflict approach because of the class conflict the above system creates between the two social-classes (the opposite of the consensual approach Durkheim, Parsons Etc. argue). Contemporary Marxists argue globalisation has created a global bourgeoisie based on the evidence of a global 1% of ruling-class owning the means of production.
Capitalism has become a norm within society due to the attachments that society has given it. The object world is in command and human well-being is expressed by the evident consumption of goods. Critical thought no longer exists as it is oppressed by the culture of mass obedience. This essay will discuss three Marxist critics Guy Debord, Jean Baudrillard and Fredrick Jameson and their response to postmodernism. Guy Debord was a Marxist critic who responded to the rise of postmodernism.
Marxism is the economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Marxism’s main concern is to expose the political and economic contradictions inherent in Capitalism and to lead the way towards establishing a Communist society. Marxism emphasises the idea that social life is based upon conflicts of interest, the most important of which is the conflict between the Bourgeoisie, the upper classes and those who control the means of production in society, and the Proletariat, the lower classes and those who sell their labour to the Bourgeoisie. Because the ruling class controls society’s means of production, everything, including ideology, will be determined according to what is in the ruling class’s interests. Marx believed that
Karl Marx (1818–1883) was the most essential of all scholars of socialism. Marx's vision depended on a transformative purpose of flight. Society was included as a moving parity of contradictory strengths that produce social change by their pressure and struggle. Struggle, instead of quiet development, was the motor of advancement; strife was the father for all things, and social clash was the center of the authentic procedure. Marx trusted that the premise of the social request in each general public is the creation of monetary merchandise.
Marxism is principally concerned with modes of production, social exploitation through unjust distribution, and social emancipation through the transcendence of capitalism. Karl Marx himself anticipated the growth of globality that ‘capital by its nature drives beyond every spatial barrier to conquer the whole earth for its market’. Accordingly, to Marxists, globalisation happens because transworld connectivity enhances opportunities of revenue creating and surplus buildup . Marxists reject both liberalist and political realist explanations of globalisation. It is the outcome of historically specific impulses of capitalist development.
The theory is known as the conflict theory or the Marxist theory or Marxism, which is more concerned about the class struggle within the society, and how capitalism is not healthy for any society. Therefore, within the context of this essay, a close analysis on Karl Marx’s concept of capitalism will be conducted, specifically in relation to two of the main social problems. The main focus will be on how capitalism have an impact on the persistence of inequality and poverty within different societies, whether in a positive or negative manner. Bearing that in mind, most aspects of Marx’s concept of capitalism will be weighed in regards to the impact of the concept on the two issues, namely; inequality and poverty. A thorough analysis and evaluation will be carried out throughout this essay.
To make matter worse, modernization theory, which Marxism believes is an essential element of capitalism, further worsens the imbalances between the economic classes. For example, globalization advocates for lesser intervention of government in economic activities but Marxists believe that such action would encourage the growth of bourgeoisie while proletariats would always suffer. Thus, Marxism is a humanity-cantered philosophy. It is also an activist view of looking at the society. It recognizes the constraints upon human action and also acknowledges that those constraints are the creations of other sets of human beings.
Capitalism makes the working class into a class of exploited workers. Marx believed that the economics behind capitalism is the reason for inequalities in society. Marx discussed in the Communist manifesto 184? the only way the exploitation would end was if the proletariat united to over throw the power group, in this case bourgeoisie to become a class for itself. This would lead to socialism or a communist society however this prediction has not developed