Marx's View On Morality

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Morality is a very subjective topic, one person’s morals may differ greatly from another. Philosophers such as Darwin and Marx took it upon themselves to make a hypothesis as to what primarily influences a person’s morality. Darwin states that the greatest influence on human morality is survival; whereas, Marx believes that the ruling class is what manipulates our morality; however, Darwin's philosophy is more accurate due the increased amount of evidence he has compared to Marx. Darwin was a firm believer in evolution and natural selection, and he wrote many works which provided evidence of his hypothesis. His main point was that as a species, including humans, continues to evolve, natural selection chooses the best traits to be inherited…show more content…
He was very wary of the ruling class and their influence on society, specifically on society’s morals and ideologies. The upper classes set the foundation as to what morals are ubiquitous. Morals do not make a man; rather, a man makes morals. Depending on who was in the ruling class, the prominent morality of that time period would be one that best benefited them. For instance, in the time of the aristocracy, virtues such as honor and loyalty were made universal; whereas, the bourgeoisie focused on freedom and equality. (Marx 68) Therefore, this morality becomes the basis for the morals of all the lower classes. One may say that according to Marx, one’s socioeconomic status has the greatest influence on their morality. While this may be the greatest influence on their general consciousness, their personal morals will be based off the omnipresent morals that the ruling class created to best benefit…show more content…
Darwin's philosophy goes as far as to explain the origin of morality. Today, natural selection and the theory of evolution is widely accepted. It is understood that all species, included our own, has benefited from the fine tuning of our traits by means of natural selection. Since humans are descended from animals, who seem to have little to no moral scale, morals were not created before natural selection. Rather, what eventually separated us from our animal ancestors was our development of intellect and morality. These two traits improved the human species’ ability to adapt and survive. As we progressed as a species, we created religion and schools to further improve this trait. Karl Marx’s explanation isn't incorrect by any means, but Darwin’s philosophy is harder to disprove and more accurate. There is years upon years of evidence that proves Darwin’s point which Marx doesn’t
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