Introduction With the crime rates increasing exponentially there are new branches of legal studies that have emerged to understand the profiling of both offender and the victim. There have been cases of sentencing individuals to maximum level penitentiary based on false testimony by self-claimed or purchased eyewitness. Legal psychology is the branch of legal study that helps one to indulge in psychological research of various laws, understanding basic legal principles and use their study in decoding memory of eyewitness, help make decision and assist through the interview process of suspected criminal and victim. Criminal Victimisation and Psychology Profiling A victim is always at the suffering because the trauma of being the victim remains in mind for a longer time. The individuals who were victim of a crime are subjected to criminal victimisation because the crime affects them at psychological level.
According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics in 2010, seventy- thousand and eight hundred juveniles were incarcerated and approximately five hundred thousand were brought for detention. Nevertheless, for these reasons, this paper examines the current state of the American Juvenile Court System. Additionally, it discusses the issues of whether or not the future juvenile justice is best served only in adult court system. Given the current high profile debate with regard to American Juvenile Justice System, it is worth mentioning the requirements of the Juvenile Court Act pp. 557 – 563.
By doing so, use of crime statistics will become more useful since the underlying causes of crime such as illiteracy, unemployment, and poverty are dealt with. Therefore, crime statistics go along way in giving people and the society a feeling of well-being and serving as a guideline for the creation
H.H. Goddard conducted study on levels of intelligence and their relation to delinquency. He concluded from the analysis of data of his studies. “Every investigation of the mentality of criminals, delinquents and other antisocial group has proved beyond the possibility of contradiction… that all are of low mentality.” Healy in his book, “This Individual Delinquent” has reported that the most recurring factor in delinquents was mental abnormalities and peculiarities. C. Burt studied the syndromes of many factors in individual case studies.
Explains how citizens and surviving victims are the main things that help police capture serial killers in the modern day. The finding of this article shows that there are two sides to perception regarding criminal profiling and forensic science – the public’s and the law enforcement’s. Also typical criminal TV shows such as Criminal Minds, Law & Order, and Profiler often are inaccurate in describing criminal profiling. I will use this article for my essay to help explain the accurate description of criminal profiling and how police capture serial
According to Andrews and Bonta (2010) the psychology of criminal conduct ( PCC) can be defined as an approach to scientifically understand the criminal behavior of individuals through a systematic approach. Additionally, the psychology of criminal conduct is considered to be interdisciplinary, and considers all aspects of science that will assist in the further comprehension of an individuals criminal behavior, and the causes of criminal behavior (Andrews and Bonta , 2010). Andrews and Bonta ( 2010) stated that the psychology of criminal conduct can be considered a subfield of criminology and psychology due to common beliefs and common interests with both disciplines. Furthermore, the psychology of criminal conduct can be described as using
With the use of the computerized systems , computer data analysts have started helping the law enforcement officers and detectives to track crimes and to speed up the process of solving crimes. The detection of linked crimes is helpful to law enforcement for several reasons. Firstly, the collection of information from crime scenes increases the amount of available evidence. Secondly, the joint investigation of multiple crimes enables a more efficient use of law enforcement resources . Law enforcement needs to handle a large amount of reported, and the detection of series of crimes are often carried out manually.
One of the reasons why criminal profiling can be useful in criminal investigations is that it helps investigators to apprehend the suspect without having to waste time. Since psychological and behavioral patterns can be traced, the suspect list can be narrowed, making the whole investigation process much shorter and simpler. A psychological picture can be formed by the profiler showing the type of offenders. Formation of profiles can direct and lead the whole investigation in finding the suspect by providing the investigators with the required information. This mainly works for large crimes like serial killings, serial rapes, arson and so on.
They help in refreshing memory of witness and investigators. A very important purpose of crime scene is that they help to convey an image of crime scene to the judge. No matter how well an investigating officer can verbally describe a crime scene photographs can tell the same story in better and easy way photographs should be taken even before detailed examination of crime scene is done or even before any items are moved or even touched. Detailed photographs should be taken to show how evidences are found by investigator prior to their removal. important photographs needed for crime scene investigation are :- • Location :- photographs of location of crime scene should be made it makes locating place eas.
Furthermore J.C. Barnes conducted research, with his colleagues, analysing criminal influences in 4,000 people, which was based on the 1993 theory of Duke professor Dr. Terrie Moffit, which states that people will generally fall into three separate and different types of categories when it comes to criminality and criminal behavior. The first category consisted of life-course persistent offenders (lifelong criminals) and contain individuals which are considered to be genetically predispositioned for crime. The second group contained adolescent-limited offenders, or rather people who grow out of their bad behavior. J.C Barnes states that these people from the second group broke out of their bad habits after experiencing a traumatic or eye opening event (possibly prison). Lastly there are law-abiding abstainers (non-criminals) group.