The New York Times. The New York Times, 18 July 2015. Web. 31 July 2015. Kristof, Nicholas.
Best explained, a great way to describe Holiday’s legacy, “It’s impossible to imagine American music without Holiday. Few singers who followed her in jazz would fail to cite her influence. But more remarkably, her influence has spread well beyond jazz” (Layman, 2015). In addition, author Will Layman wrote a well stated article in which it said, “Holiday was the among the first singers to exploit completely the opportunities for singing intimately with a microphone. She purred into it, but even when she cried out a song, it was in relation to the mic, to how it could pick up the nuances in her sound.
During her very successful career Bessie worked with many great jazz performers such as saxophonist Sidney Bechet, pianist James P. Johnson and pianist Fletcher Henderson. With Johnson, Bessie recorded one of her famous songs “Backwater Blues”. She also worked with the very famous jazz artist Louis Armstrong on several tracks including “Cold in Hand Blues” and “I Ain’t Got No Second Fiddle”. Her popularity with black and white audiences led her to be nicknamed the Empress of
Louis Armstrong is a phenomenal example of improvisation and is also considered one of the best trumpet players that there has ever been. It is very clear that improvisation is a strong suit of Louis Armstrong just by listening to his song “Heebie Jeebies” from 1926. Without the intermingling of European classical music and African traditional music in the early stages of America, jazz would not contain the distinct components that it does to this very day. Politics/government is a cultural influence that people seem to feel uncomfortable talking about but it is impossible to neglect the fact that politics had a huge impact on the way jazz was shaped. In 1803, the United States purchased a tract of land from the French that spanned from the bayous of Louisiana all along the Mississippi river up to the
For example, Ella at the Opera House shows a typical Jazz at the Philharmonic set, Ella in Rome and Twelve Nights in Hollywood show off her vocal jazz canon. Ella in Berlin is still one of her best selling albums and includes the Grammy-winning performance of "Mack the Knife". In this recording, Ella forgot the lyrics, but she improvised magnificently in their place. In 1963 Verve Records was sold to MGM for $3 million and in 1967 MGM did not renew Fitzgerald 's contract. For the next five years she moved between the Atlantic, Capitol and Reprise companies.