Mary Oliver’s poem “Crossing the Swamp” shows three different stages in the speaker's life, and uses personification, imagery and metaphor to show how their relationship with the swamp changed overtime. The swamp is personified, and imagery is used to show how frightening the swamp appears before transitioning to the struggle through the swamp and ending with the speaker feeling a sense of renewal after making it so far into the swamp. Finally, metaphor is used to compare the speaker, who has experienced many difficulties to an old tree who has finally begun to grow. Mary Oliver uses the literary element of personification to illustrate the speaker and the swamp’s relationship. She portrays the swamp as alive in lines 4-8 “ the nugget of dense sap, branching/ vines, the dark burred/ faintly belching/ bogs.” These lines show the fear the narrator has of the swamp with the words, dense, dark and belching.
In her poem, “Crossing the Swamp,” Mary Oliver uses vivid diction, symbolism, and a tonal shift to illustrate the speaker’s struggle and triumph while trekking through the swamp; by demonstrating the speaker’s endeavors and eventual victory over nature, Oliver conveys the beauty of the triumph over life’s obstacles, developing the theme of the necessity of struggle to experience success. Oliver uses descriptive diction throughout her poem to vividly display the obstacles presented by the swamp to the reader, creating a dreary, almost hopeless mood that will greatly contrast the optimistic tone towards the end of the piece. While describing the thicket of swamp, Oliver uses world like “dense,” “dark,” and “belching,” equating the swamp to “slack earthsoup.” This diction develops Oliver’s dark and depressing tone, conveying the hopelessness the speaker feels at this point in his journey due to the obstacles within the swamp. As the speaker eventually overcomes these obstacles, he begins to use words like “sprout,” and “bud,” alluding to new begins and bright futures. The speaker does not dwell on the hardships he has just endured, but instead remarks that he feels “painted and glittered.” The diction used towards the end of the work conveys the new attitude of the speaker.
To begin with, in Mary Oliver's poem, "Journey" the author expresses the theme of being able to work well under pressure by the use of symbolism. For instance, Oliver uses symbols to convey a significance to her poem, as she states, "...the road full of fallen branches and stones"(S.1 V.21-22). Oliver uses "branches and stones" as a motif to try and help prove the theme by stating
Stewart’s “Lady feeding the cats” proficiently utilises this idea revealing his reflection on the inhumanity of society. The opening line “shuffling along in her broken shoes for the slums…” portrays her impoverished life, setting the theme of the poem; appreciation for nature and alienation. A motif is present throughout the poem to describe humanity’s hope for a better future. This is further emphasised in “princess out of a tower” and ‘queen of the cats’. This use of intertextuality coupled with the motif conveys the lady’s relevance and her appreciation for God’s gift of nature where she is acknowledged for her kindness and compassion.
The author creates aboriginal representations and suspense through the punctuation that he has used in the poem. The author uses almost no punctuation to ensure the poem flows seamlessly yet uses an occasional comma to create suspense. The use of capital letters in the poem emphasise the words to create aboriginal representations and adds an aesthetic element to the poem. For example the capitalised word Mother indicates that it is a title as well as showing the significance of that term to the aboriginal culture and describes the secure relationship between the land and the aboriginal narrator. The poem My Mother The Land by Phill Moncrieff poetically describes the struggles the aboriginal people faced with loss of their country, culture, identity, people and place at the hands of the European people and colonisation throughout history.
Mary Oliver in her poem, “Crossing the Swamp,” utilizes allegory, alliteration, metaphor, and tone to convey an intricate relationship between herself and the swamp, that being her struggles in her life. A relationship that starts out with fear and ends in acceptance, stagnation to triumph, darkness to light; a relationship that allows her to be reborn. The swamp is a metaphor, described as “struggle, closure,” “the center of everything;” the swamp represents the obstacles Oliver faces in her life. She enters the swamp that is “murky” with “dense sap” and “branching vines,” and Oliver must struggle in the swamp in order to move forward. But there is a lack of direction in life and no one struggles the same and no one travels the same path,
In line 4-5, “Or fester like a sore-/And then run,” the poet uses personification to illustrate the concept of a dream building up stress in your life and then not being able to fulfil it like how a sore festers and then disappears unexpectedly. The poet gives life to an inanimate object life to create an image in the readers mind and for the reader to better understand the message. In line 6, “Does it stink like rotten meat” (Hughes 426), it compares rotten meat to a deferred dream. It could mean that when a hope is forgotten, it rots away and collects dust. It is waiting for the owner to return because without them it has no purpose; this relates to the article by Schaper.
Tennyson’s poem is set in the location of Camelot, while Brogan’s poem seems to refer to a Camelot that is an idealistic place in which the squatters wish their lives to unfold. Brogan begins her poem by describing the desolate life that a squatter leads, going from one place to another, never having a constant in your life except for constant uncertainty. In contrast, “The Lady of Shalott” includes descriptions of the lavishness of Camelot. This is a very effective choice because if the poems are read alongside one another, the differences are striking and Brogan’s point of view that the BBC and the government are living in an extravagant world is made known. “On either side the river lie / Squats in Hackney and Peckham Rye / That fill the empties under the sky / And through the roads the rats run by / To empties filled by Camelot” (Brogan 1-4).
To the persona silence is a form of rejection then through that silence the poet goes on to illustrate the silence in which the persona is driving in to engage the senses of the reader she speaks of the gigantic billboards, ghost palm trees and further continues how the situation has become the personas life line. This engage the reader in understanding and in a way experiencing what the persona is dealing with when their senses are
Using figurative language is a viable method for conveying a thought that is not effectively comprehended due to its abstract nature or unpredictability. Although figurative language does not offer a strict clarification, it can be utilized to contrast one thought with a second thought to make the principal thoughtless demanding to imagine. Figurative language likewise is used to connect two thoughts with the objective of letting the reader see an association, regardless of the fact that one doesn't really exist. Writers of poems use figurative language to evoke feelings, which would help the reader construct mental pictures which would then draw them into the