Filippo Brunelleschi was born in Florence, Italy in the year 1377. His early life is relatively unknown. He became a goldsmith, sculptor, engineer, artist and architect. He was one of the leading architects in the Renaissance Era and has been referred to as the “First Renaissance Architect.” Brunelleschi is accredited for the invention of linear perspective. This concept helped pave the way for the Renaissance artist in the 15th century, such as Da Vinci and Michelangelo. He also designed great pieces of architecture, such as the Basilica of San Lorenzo and Ospedale Degli Innocenti.
Masaccio was an Italian born artist who was born on December 21, 1401. One of Masaccio’s most well-known paintings was Holy Trinity which was created between 1427-1428. This painting fits into the perspective genre because Masaccio was the first painter after Brunelleschi to use perspective to create artwork.
Michelangelo’s full name is Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni and is Italian. He was born on March 6,1475 in Caprese, Italy and died on February 18, 1564 in Rome, Papal States. When to Florence Grammar School to study grammar under the master Francesco da Urbino, but had no interest in it or the family business of finance. Instead he copied paintings from several churches in Italy. Also, he meets various painters who influenced him to pursue his art education. His
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, commonly known as Michelangelo, was born on March 6, 1475 at Caprese, Tuscany now known as Italy (Roger 2). Michelangelo, like Leonardo, was a man of many talents; he was a renowned Florentine sculptor, architect, painter, and poet. He is credited as the founder of the high Renaissance style and considered the most influential of late Renaissance artists (Houston 16). His works exhibit his remarkable understanding of human anatomy and muscular structure, a skill which he used to incorporate emotion and liveliness into his works. He rarely painted landscapes; his subject matters were mostly human,
Artists had to make their own paint and paint brushes. To make paint they had an egg base and for different colors they would add different ingredients into the mixture. For paint brushes, hairs from animals were stuck into a wooden handle (Edwards 16). Leonardo grew up working in the art studio of another well known artist, Verrocchio. In his many years of working under him, da Vinci learned to make paint and brushes. After da Vinci left Verrocchio’s studio, he went on to accomplish many great things in the field of art such as painting “The Mona Lisa”. However, since da Vinci rarely recorded personal information of exact dates, the exact year he painted “The Mona Lisa” is unknown (Kallen 11). This painting is especially known for the mastery of technical innovations and the mysteriousness of the legendary smiling subject. The famous piece is now hanging in a museum in Paris. Along with painting “The Mona Lisa”, da Vinci also painted “The Last Supper” beginning in 1495 and finishing in 1497 (Kallen 13). Da Vinci’s stylistic innovations are very apparent in this painting and he reintroduced a style from more than a generations earlier by Masaccio (“Leonardo da Vinci”). Masaccio was known as the father of Florentine painting. The way he reintroduced Masaccio’s style was by showing the twelve apostles grouped in units of three, which then framed the figure of Christ, instead of showing the apostles as individual figures. The fact that these pieces are still widely recognized today prove that da Vinci made significant contributions to the field of art. Leonardo da Vinci is extremely well-known for his art, however, he did a lot of work with other subjects too which makes him very true to the time
Perspective is considered one of the most important aspects of Renaissance art. Artists such as Masaccio, Leonardo Da Vinci and Raphael made the use of this device in many of their work. Thanks to Filippo Brunelleschi, who ‘invented’ and developed this technique called one point linear perspective. The intention of perspective in Renaissance art is to depict reality, reality being the ‘truth’. By simulating the three dimensional space on a flat surface, we in fact incorporate this element of realism into it.
The word "renaissance" is literally translated to "rebirth". It was the rebirth of many things, and in many ways. It began in Northern Italy in about 1350, after the Black Death killed about one third of the population; so the renaissance could even be considered the rebirth of the nation. It was mainly however, the rebirth of art, literature, education, and even religion. Donatello earned a reputation for himself for creating "larger-than-life" sculptures with many different techniques that he developed and then introduced to the renaissance era. He was also very well known for flawlessly depicting human emotions such as suffering, joy, and sorrow in his drawings, which he would later turn into sculptures. Giotto de Bondone was another famous
(March 6th 1475 - February 18th 1564) born in Caprese, Italy Michelangelo was an Italian painter, architect, poet and sculptor. Before his name was known he was just an apprentice to a painter and eventually began studying in sculpture, in the gardens of a wealthy and famous family known as the Medici. He has been remembered as the most famous artist in the time of the Renaissance. Some of his famous works include The Last Judgement (1535-1541), David (1501-1504), and the Pieta (1498-1499). Perhaps the most recognized work of his, is located on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, which took about 4 years to paint. He stood out from other artists because of his ability to make sculptures so realistic, to the point where it looked like a living
Tiziano Vecellio, known as Titian was an extraordinary artist who made many works of art during his long life. According to the traditional date of birth, Titian was born in 1477, but many critics today say his birth date is around 1488/90. Titian was born in Pieve di Cadore, Italy to his parents Gregorio di Conte dei Vecelli, and Gregorio’s wife, Lucia, who were neither rich or poor. His early education included a bit of reading and writing, but he was not literary. When Titian was nine years old he went to Venice with his brother, Francesco, and lived there with his uncle and became Sebastiano Zuccato’s apprentice. Not long after Titian moved to Venice he went to Giovanni Bellini’s workshop. Giovanni Bellini was Titian’s true teacher, and inspired Titian as well. Titian was also inspired by Giorgione of Castelfranco, a follower of Giovanni Bellini, who Titian worked with early on in his career. Titian and Giorgione worked together on the frescoes of the Fondaco dei Tedeschi in 1508. Also, Titian got inspiration from artists Raphael and Michelangelo, and was driven by
Artists looked back to the Classical periods for information on areas such as philosophy, poetry, painting, sculpture and architecture, not to imitate or clone their works, but rather to surpass them and improve their work. Artists adopted aesthetic values of the classical antiquity, emphasizing on beauty and proportion. Painters such as Giotto and other artists experimented with innovative techniques to portray a better perspective. Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Michelangelo represent the climax of this period and are the best known artists till this day. Architecture also drew upon ancient Greek and Roman ideas, such as Filippo Brunelleschi who used innovative techniques for the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence but was inspired and drew from the Pantheon in Rome.
Sorolla began his life growing up in the coastal city of Valencia, raised by a well off family. As a child, he was very successful at art, and he was sent to Rome for classical training. After his Neoclassism training, he moved to Madrid, and his style of art began to take shape. Throughout his career, he produced many commissions and he became a very wealthy man. Also, he married the love of his life and had three children. In the end,
Da Messina (known as Antonello di Giovanni di Antonio or Antonello degli Antoni) was a famous European (namely Italian) painter during the Renaissance. He was born in approximately 1430 in Messina, Sicily. However, historians are not sure about what Da Messina did during his childhood and young adult years. Da Messina might have introduced oil painting and Flemish artistic techniques into (approximately) fifteenth-century Venetian art. He traveled to quite a few places such as Rome, Naples, Milan, and Venice to study the nature of art and to actually paint his artworks. Additionally, when he was traveling to other places, he would oftentimes return back to Messina to work on more paintings. He would usually paint portraits and landscapes,
Leonardo da Vinci, was born on April 15, 1452 in Anchiano, Tuscany (Vinci, Italy) close to the town of Vinci that happened to provide the surname we relate with him today. De Vinci meaning ‘of Vinci’ was given to him because he did not have a last name. In todays era he is known as a famous French painter mostly recognized for his enduring works “Mona Lisa” and “The last Supper”. He was even once referred to as the “Renaissance man”. Leonardo was born out of wedlock to his father, Ser Piero da Vinci, an attorney and notary and to his mother who was a female slave known as, Caterina da Vinci. Although, he was the only child they ever had together, both Ser Piero and Caterina went on to have a total of 17 children, whom are half
The aim to achieve pictorial unity and these parameters result in an infinite, homogeneous space. Leonardo da Vinci’s famous painting, The Last Supper, or Pietro Perugino's fresco called Delivery of the Keys at the Sistine Chapel or Paolo Uccello’s Perspective Study of a chalice are great examples for the use of the Artificial
In 476 CE marks the fall of the Roman Empire and Western Europe has become fractured. By the twelfth century, a collection of Italian republics is forming and began to renew Europe and engineer the blueprints for today’s modern Western world. This period is called the Renaissance, a time of great invention and cultural change in Europe. During the Renaissance, one of the remarkable changes was in the fields of architecture, art and science. Unlike the conformity of the early Middle Ages in terms of artistic style which focused on symbolism, Renaissance art are more anatomically accurate incorporated with the technique of perspective. In the twelfth and thirteenth century Italy, feudalism and stability has been re instituted into the newly liberated