Socratic Dialogue The following conversation is one that takes place between Socrates and a Psychologist who believes that males are superior to women. John: It is quite unfortunate that we have tunnel vision when trying to achieve an egalitarian society in regards to males and females. Socrates: Before tackling your initial proposition, may I ask how you differentiate between male and female. John: While there is a biopsychological aspect to it, I strongly believe that the biological properties are what hold the greater weight in this multifaceted construct. For me the genetic and hormonal differences in the makeup of men and women are a significant component which leads to inherent differences between the two.
Thus it becomes apparent the belief in gender equality is the central feature of feminism, however, activism is also considered as being an important feature of feminism for certain individuals. The text suggests about stereotypes attached to feminists. It as well asserts that feminists seem to be aware of the unattractiveness stereotype and also influenced by it. One study of the author showed that feminist college women were more influenced by a woman with a feminine appearance delivering a profeminist message than a woman with a masculine appearance. The study also suggests that feminism is one sub category of gender stereotyping and that feminist are less hostile towards men.
Gender role refers to those behaviors and attitudes that are considered to belong to one sex. Gender role is based on femininity and masculinity that differentiate women and men by giving men some roles and women which results to gender inequality. There some work in society that is regarded to belong to women such as cooking, taking care of children and other less important roles while men are given roles that makes them superior than women. Most of the gender roles associated with women makes them inferior and creates a room to be oppressed. Gender roles are constructed by society and attributed to women or men.
It is also found in much of the discussion of sexual harassment and gender violence. Compared with “sex role” theory, this approach more readily addresses issues of power. However, categorical theory too has difficulty grasping any of the complexities of gender, such as gendered violence within either of the two main categories, men and women. The categorical approach leaves little space for the interplay of gender with class and race, and misses such issues as the importance of unionism for working-class women, or community organizing for indigenous women. It readily leads to ethnocentric generalizations about women and men, which miss the importance of the global structures of exploitation and
Feminism argued that functionalism neglected to look at how the family structure and these traditional gender roles were suppressing women (Stacey and Thorne, 1985). Functionalism as a theory ignores the fact that society is patriarchal and is not functional for the progression of women in society. Under the functionalist perspective it has been argued by many critics of the theory that women are victims of gender stratification, or the hierarchical organisation of society in which members of one gender, males have access to more power, wealth, opportunities and prestige than the other gender, females (Wakeling,
Personality defines a person. Due to personality humans are able to differentiate themselves among others. It’s an important concept and its origin should be questioned. Is personality an inborn concept or are humans predisposed to factors that form and shape their personality? In "Sex and Temperament," Margaret Mead explores this concept.
A reputable study into gender segregation in a Female dominated occupation was run by K Snyder and A Green in 2008. (7). They found that even in a female dominated occupation such as nursing, men still tended to find the most “masculine” sectors and specialize in these rather than in sectors that could be interpreted as “feminine”. These sectors included the more physical, less emotional areas of nursing. With this study we can see that even though boundaries of female and male dominates occupations have been broken, that it is natural for us as humans to lean towards more masculine/feminine sectors within the workplace depending on what we identify ourselves as.
On the other hand, gender helps in defining one's role within society. Gender or the psychological, social, cultural, and behavioural characteristics associated with being female or male — is a learned characteristic based on one's gender identity and learned gender
The question about whether or not an individual’s identity is innate or acquired, has always been a debatable issue. Some people argue that gender identity is a result of the social context they live in, while others believe a person is born into it. Gender identity is a “person 's subjective sense of themselves as masculine or feminine and is exhibited by the degree to which they act upon their gender roles” (Whalen & Maurer-Starks, 2008). However, based on the current society people live in, it is more likely that an individual’s identity, such as their sexuality, education, and social status are acquired as a result of the social context they live in. Some argue that nurture affects an individual’s sexuality, or sexual preference, while others believe it is nature.
By imbuing the ‘male’ body with feminine beauty and sensibilities, the “bishōnen can be read as a figure of resistance: both to the notion that biology is destiny and to the correlation between biology and gender role”. Through its problematizing of social concepts such as ‘masculinity’ and ‘femininity’, as well as the gender binary itself, the foundations upon which the patriarchal society is built on are questioned. In addition, the androgyny of bishōnen characters also allow female readers to see them “not just as ideal lovers or partners, but in a sense as their ideal selves”. The BL manga thus, in its depiction of feminine boys, allow women to “picture [themselves] as separate from the sexist roles assigned to [them] by the family system” and indulge in the fantasy of loving a man “as an equal, free of predefined gender