"Be a man is one of the most destructive phrases in this culture." is stated by coach and former NFL player Joe Ehrmann. In American culture, masculinity is often thought to be associated with one 's athletic ability, economic success, and sexual conquests. From a very young age, these boys are then set on a path to failure due to the fact that masculinity has no correlation with any of the previous stereotypical levels of "manhood." Someone with the skill to make a field goal from beyond the three-point line is not measured to be more of a man than someone who can barely do one pushup based only on their athletic ability.
Fat acceptance is a radical concept that most Americans shy away from discussing. This is not the case with Hillel Schwartz’s essay “Fat and Happy?” from his book Never Satisfied. Schwartz discusses the way fat people are treated by society and what he believes life would be like if we lived in a Fat Society rather than the current Skinny World we live in. In his article it seems that Schwartz’s goal is to capture the attention of as many different audiences as possible by using sarcasm and many different sides to his argument that fat acceptance should be an important value in society. While Schwartz tries to connect to as many different audience members as possible with a dry and popular sense of humor by implementing a sarcastic tone, his
Lipsyte concludes that men are pressured to be a jock and fear in being labeled as a puke because jocks tend to grow up as a major component to society, while pukes are typically set aside. Today men are pressured to be a jock in society because these jocks are constantly seen as winners and are treated like super
It is expected of Bodie to be a manly man who can take care of himself, protect himself, and show his dominance towards other men. In a place like the underclass part of Baltimore there is an expectation for men to be overly manly. There is a certain expectation for how the men should treat the women in their family (like goddesses, the women in their family are like royalty to them) versus how they treat the women they’re romantically involved with (like belongings, the women they date are theirs, the women belong to them). Bodie is expected to be a big tough guy. Bodie never really looked into any jobs other than his job in the gang.
Fear is the core cause of the dramatic shift of lifestyle for both Okonkwo and Nwoye. Through the management of reputation and the avoidance of their father’s likeness, Okonkwo and Nwoye built new lives for themselves. Okonkwo sought power and authority to prove his masculinity and make up for Unoka’s reputation as a weak man. He did this to the point where manliness became his character. Fearlessness and violence were masculine qualities that in Igbo culture signifies strength and influence.
4. Masculinity and aging There are many factors which may influence masculinity and the extent to which men perceive themselves as masculine. Culture and the social context are probably the most known, but age is another determining aspect that cannot be overlooked since it plays a major role in the deviation from hegemonic masculinity and consequent development of alternative types of masculinities. In youth, men try to hide feelings of vulnerability and weakness. They do not show their emotions and are reluctant to ask for help.
For example, due to his strong constitution, Tom feels dominant and superior to women. By saying “Now, don’t think my opinion on these matters is final … just because I’m stronger…” (Fitzgerald 9-10) he actually shows off his physical strength and holds contempt for women. This point is presented even more prominently when Tom utters “How you ever get anything done is beyond me,” (Fitzgerald 13) having heard that Miss Baker is “absolutely in training” (Fitzgerald 13). Additionally, Nick also explicitly expresses patriarchal attempt for women by doubting Miss Baker’s “slender” (Fitzgerald 13) physique. Contrary to patriarchal discrimination exemplified by Tom, Miss Baker speaks for feminism by showing respect to physical equality of human strength.
A structural (fundamental/important) relationship exists between maximal strength and maximal power, dictating that high levels of power cannot be developed unless an athlete is relatively strong (Cormie, McCaulley et al. 2007). This relationship is heavily supported by literature reporting stronger athletes expressing higher power outputs compared to weaker athletes (Stone, Moir et al. 2002, BAKER 2001). Furthermore numerous studies have also expressed the differences in strength and power capabilities between elite and sub-elite athletes, with elite athletes showing greater power and strength levels.
The socially given ideal male is the ultra-masculine male who is powerful, strong, independent, leadership, aggressive, and have high social status. In the film, the dominant version of masculinity is composed of male violence and male friendship. Those violence actions are seen as
In the documentary, Tough Guise: Violence, Media and the Crisis in Masculinity, the focus is on mass media and society’s influence and expectations of the male gender and how ‘real men’ are defined. “Boys and young men, learn early on that being a so-called, ‘real man,’ means you have to take on the tough-guise,” Jackson Katz, Ph. D. continues, “In other words, you only have to show the world certain parts of yourself that the dominant culture has defined as manly.” In the opening segment of the documentary, Dr. Katz, one of America’s leading anti-sexist activists, provides the audience of how the title was developed. Together with The Media Education Foundation, the documentary encourages the audience to think and analyze the influence mass media has, socially, politically as well as culturally in the development of young men. Tough Guise breaks down the correlation of pop-culture imagery and the social