Introduction In the Western world, majority of the movies are normally preoccupied with the notion of masculinity that depict men as being the dominant gender with roles requiring them to exhibit male behavior, such as providing for family and fighting, while the women the inferior gender with roles requiring them to exhibit female behavior, such as supporting the husband despite his shortcomings. Anne Lee in his modern Western movie Brokeback Mountain (IMDb, 2015) represents masculinity in different relationships: masculinity as depicted by men who want to be in a relationship with women and masculinity as depicted by men who want to be in the same-sex relationship. In this movie opinions divide significantly concerning masculinity especially when looking at Ennis and Jack who are two gay cowboys trying to be in a secret homosexual relationship. In what follows, we will examine the representation of relationships of traditional Western masculinity in the movie
Masculinity in Movies Masculinity by definition is the possession of the qualities traditionally associated with men. Masculinity takes form in many different ways and is found in so many aspects of everyday life. We see masculine traits in police work, sports, armed forces, and many more areas. One place where we fail to recognize this trait is in the movie industry. Movies are a form of entertainment for most everyone so this stereotype we see goes unnoticed.
Masculinity has been classified differently depending upon the approach of the researcher. Joanna Bourke outlines the five ways masculinity can be conceptualized, including biological, whereby masculinity is a product of the biological makeup of men; socialization, where masculinity is a result of the “proper” socialization of men; psychoanalytical, whereby differing masculinities are formed as a result of varying socio-historical and cultural environments; discourse, where masculinity is an outcome of discourses; and feminism, where patriarchy not only restricts men but also reinforces the oppression of women. There are multiple versions of masculinity within any ‘one’ social context. Robert Morrell explains, “Boys and men choose how to behave and this choice is made from a number of available repertoires. Such choices are never entirely free, because the available repertoires differ from context to context and because the resources from which masculinity is constructed are unevenly distributed.”
In Tim O’brien’s book, The Things They Carried, we see the detrimental causes and effects of the enforced stereotype of male masculinity. Tim uses many factors including the setting, characters, symbolism and other components like these to conveys his feelings and emotions. Many of those feelings and emotions derive from his personal experience in the war. The Things They Carried accurately shows what it is to struggle with the stereotypical image of a man in how it presents itself in everyday life along with its adverse and restricting effects.
In “To Be a Man,” Julie Burrell claims that there are two types of masculinity present in Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun: Mama’s version of masculinity that’s rooted from “a life-affirming Black tradition” and Walter’s version of masculinity that’s dependent on earning money for the family. (3). Initially, in Hansberry’s play, Walter was solely focused on acquiring power through wealth; however, with the decision he made to move into the white neighborhood in the end, he had grew out of his mindset of having a “capitalist masculinity.” Burrell stated that “Walter's newfound manhood...allows him to support the dreams of the women in the household against the obstacles of racist and sexist oppression"
In the book A Dolls House , the character Torvald, or Helmer, is seen to not be very morally sound. The biggest idea that he values is reputation and how he appears to others. It is important for him to seem to have the perfect life and family to society. Like having the perfect stay at home wife, kids, and be seen as the typical “ bread winning man ”. Reputation is also as important to him, and he would do anything to not let anyone ruin it or make him lose his position that he is to soon have at the bank.
Role of men in Britain 18th century and onwards As we can see men were clearly viewed and upheld as a superiority in the household, however, a male role, in addition to being the breadwinner there were deeper expectations to a men’s role in the household. Yes, they were expected to provide for the family however that accompanied many supplementary burdens put upon them especially psychologically. The masculinity of the patriarch was contingent on how well the husband was able to provide for his family and it was dependent on his family requires him. (Barclay) The whole concept of the masculinity was the mans success in control of his work and household which could quickly be undermined by a disorderly or sexually dissatisfied wife or disobedient children.
This is a strong case to say that males who take on their gender role more so than others are more likely to engage in sexual violence and violent or aggressive behaviour in general. This also shows that individuals who display high levels of masculinity are more likely to be physically aggressive. Gender roles and masculinity give a solid argument for explaining a cause of violent and criminal behaviour, within their findings, however the studies lack a definition of masculinity and how to measure it other than physical displays of aggression. This creates difficulty in testing masculine males against non-masculine males and differentiating between them. Without being able to distinguish a non-aggressive masculine male, these studies can
Throughout this sociological investigation, the notion of ’’masculinity’’ will be explored, examined and dissected as well as the concept and the idea of what it means to be a man in the eyes of an individual themselves as well as society as a whole. One may note that this investigation will intertwine and relate to the woks of Lorber (1996), Connell (1995) as well as various other pieces of academic literature and research. It is evident to note that further research has been done in the form of a one-on-one live interaction with a Mr Andrew James. This interview will explore the paradigms of what it means to be a man and what is considered to be masculine from the view point of a heterosexual male and thus illustrating the stereotypical thoughts that are associated with what a man ‘’should be.’’ Before one starts to explore to notion of masculinity and what is meant be the term man, one first needs to differentiate and find a distinction between the notion of sex and gender.
Exploring the use of the word "Fag" as it relates to sexulality and masculinity in adolescent males and or popular culture. The word "Fag" is a derogatory and malicious term that when used in its broadest context is a negative connotation associated with one 's sexuality. When we delve deeper into its meaning and context, the word can lead to a juxtaposition or confusion in how the term is actually being used in a derivative form, not to its implicit meaning as it relates to sexuality and masculinity. The term in itself and its implied usage as it relates to sexuality from someone who may have a homophobia, is a viscous attack on some ones preference to sexuality. The term in itself and its meaning have gone through a metamorphosis of sorts,
The American hero is portrayed with traditional masculinity because of the normalization of male dominance in American culture. The fantasized masculinity of the American hero makes omnipotence seem obtainable because movies and comic books convince the American people that it is possible to be a real hero if they strive for this idealized form of
Discourses have far reaching effect on how we as humans discuss and experience our bodies. The discourse of normalcy has produced a socially constructed body that either fits or deviates from the socially constructed norm. This results in categorization and stigmatization of individuals based on whether they have more “normal” or “abnormal” traits. Normalcy causes people to continually and meticulously analyze their body, producing discomfort and desire to change. The discourse of gender tightly regulates how and when males and females discuss their bodies.