Masculvement In Criminal Activity

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What are the varying explanations of men’s involvement in criminal activity?

Savian Campbell

University of Trinidad and Tobago

CRIM2004 Gender and Crime

Abstract This research paper is intended to analyse the various explanations for men’s involvement in criminal activity using a gendered approach. It looks at the masculinity of crime and seeks to answer the burning question that has been ignored for years (what is it about men that causes them to commit crime?) The notion of masculinity and the typical characteristics which are associated with it are discussed and a linkage between masculinity and crime is made. The four major perspective that connects masculinity
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Sex role theory states that during the socialization process boys are less strictly controlled than girls and are taught to be aggressive, tough and active risk seekers, hence boys are more frequently exposed to kinds of learning situations where criminality becomes possible. Boys who are thought to be rough and tough are more likely to be violent and even delinquent. The process of learning sex roles is different for boys and girls according to Parsons the family is central to social learning associated with sex roles. Children learn that the expressive role associated with caring, nurturing and keeping the family together is what women do and the role associated with achievement, goal attainment and breadwinning is what men do. Girls are exposed to feminine care which means they have role models as opposed to boys who lack the available male model. As a result boys engage in compensatory compulsory masculinity in which they reject any behaviour seen to be feminine and pursue those observed to be masculine. It is this pursuit of masculinity that results in the engagement of masculine…show more content…
As an example, in this much more messy and confusing world, aggression and dominance are celebrated in certain organisation and what is illegitimate. As an example, in this much more messy and confusing world, aggression and dominance are celebrated in certain organizations and life-worlds but are condemned in others. Jefferson employs these methods to study the American boxer, Mike Tyson, who is encouraged to cultivate a violent and destructive persona in order to become a professional success but who then is designed and despised when this becomes uncontrolled and spills into his private relationships. But where Collier (1998) argues, does this focus on the individual psyche and experience leave us in a discipline which ultimately seeks to bring about positive change and a reduction in crime? Ultimately Collier argues that neither approach can capture the complex and changing multiplicities of the commission of crime and suggests that the masculine turn in criminology may have drawn to an

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